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Symptoms for miscarriage in first trimester
Miscarriage Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment
Written by WebMD Editorial Contributors
In this Article
What Is a Miscarriage?
Miscarriage Causes and Risk Factors
Symptoms Following a Miscarriage
Pregnancy Following a Miscarriage
When to Try to Conceive After a Miscarriage
What Is a Miscarriage?
A miscarriage is the loss of a baby before the 20th week of pregnancy. The medical term for a miscarriage is spontaneous abortion. But it isn’t an abortion in the common meaning of the term.
As many as 50% of all pregnancies end in miscarriage -- most often before a woman misses a menstrual period or even knows they’re pregnant. About 15%-25% of recognized pregnancies will end in a miscarriage.
More than 80% of miscarriages happen within the first 3 months of pregnancy. Miscarriages are less likely to happen after 20 weeks. When they do, doctors call them late miscarriages.
Symptoms of a miscarriage include:
Bleeding that goes from light to heavy
Worsening or severe back pain
Fever with any of these symptoms
Tissue that looks like blood clots passing from your vagina
Fewer signs of pregnancy
If you have these symptoms, contact your doctor right away. They’ll tell you whether to come to the office or go to the emergency room.
Miscarriage Causes and Risk Factors
Most miscarriages happen when the unborn baby has fatal genetic problems. Usually, these problems are not related to the mother.
Other problems that can increase the risk of miscarriage include:
Medical conditions in the mother, such as diabetes or thyroid disease
Immune system responses
Physical problems in the mother
Using street drugs
Exposure to radiation or toxic substances
A woman has a higher risk of miscarriage if they:
Are over age 35
Have certain diseases, such as diabetes or thyroid problems
Have had three or more miscarriages
Cervical insufficiency. A miscarriage sometimes happens when the mother has a weakness of the cervix. Doctors call this a cervical insufficiency. It means the cervix can’t hold the pregnancy. This type of miscarriage usually happens in the second trimester.
There are usually few symptoms before a miscarriage caused by cervical insufficiency. You may feel sudden pressure, your water might break, and tissue from the baby and placenta could leave your body without much pain. Doctors usually treat an insufficient cervix with a "circling" stitch in the next pregnancy, usually around 12 weeks. The stitch holds your cervix closed until the doctor removes it around the time of delivery. If you never had a miscarriage but your doctor finds that you have cervical insufficiency they might add the stitch to prevent a miscarriage.
There are different kinds of miscarriages, including:
Threatened miscarriage. You’re bleeding and there’s the threat of a miscarriage, but your cervix hasn’t dilated. Your pregnancy will likely continue without any problems.
Inevitable miscarriage. You’re bleeding and cramping. Your cervix is dilated. A miscarriage is likely.
Incomplete miscarriage. Some tissue from the baby or the placenta leaves your body, but some stays in your uterus.
Complete miscarriage. All the pregnancy tissues leave your body. This type of miscarriage usually happens before the 12th week of pregnancy.
Missed miscarriage. The embryo dies or was never formed, but the tissues stay in your uterus.
Recurrent miscarriage (RM). You lose three or more pregnancies in a row during the first trimester. This type of miscarriage only affects about 1% of couples trying to have a baby.
To check whether you've had a miscarriage, your doctor will do:
A pelvic exam. They’ll check to see if your cervix has started to dilate.
An ultrasound test. This test uses sound waves to check for a baby’s heartbeat. If the results aren’t clear, you may go back for another test in a week.
Blood tests. The doctor uses them to look for pregnancy hormones in your blood and compare it to past levels. They may also test you for anemia if you’ve been bleeding a lot.
Tissue tests. If tissue left your body, the doctor may send it to a lab to confirm that you had a miscarriage. It can also help make sure there wasn’t another cause for your symptoms.
Chromosome tests. If you’ve had two or more miscarriages, the doctor might do these tests to see if you or your partner’s genes are the cause.
If the miscarriage is complete and your uterus is empty, you probably won’t need further treatment.
Sometimes all the tissue doesn’t come out. If that happens, your doctor might do a dilation and curettage (D&C) procedure. They’ll dilate your cervix and gently remove any remaining tissue. There are also medications you can take that cause any tissue left in your uterus to leave your body. This may be a better option if you want to avoid surgery.
If it’s later in the pregnancy and the fetus has died in the womb, the doctor will induce labor and delivery.
When the bleeding stops, you should be able to go back to your normal activities. If your cervix dilated on its own but you’re still pregnant, you could have a condition known as incompetent cervix. Your doctor might do a procedure to close it called cerclage.
If your blood type is Rh negative, the doctor may give you a blood product called Rh immune globulin (Rhogam). This prevents you from developing antibodies that could harm your baby or any future pregnancies.
You may get blood tests, genetic tests, or medication if you’ve had more than two miscarriages in a row (recurrent miscarriage). To diagnose this condition, your doctor might use tests like:
Hysterosalpingogram, An X-ray of the uterus and fallopian tubes
Hysteroscopy. The doctor uses a thin, telescope-like device inserted through your vagina and cervix to look inside your uterus
If you've had two miscarriages in a row, use a form of birth control and talk to your doctor about tests to find the cause
Symptoms Following a Miscarriage
Bleeding and mild discomfort are common symptoms after a miscarriage. If you have heavy bleeding with fever, chills, or pain, contact your doctor right away. These may be signs of an infection.
Besides the physical effects, you may also feel a range of emotions, from sadness and guilt to grief and worry about future pregnancies. What you’re feeling is normal. Let yourself grieve.
If you’re up to it, talk to people in your life who are supportive like your partner, a friend, or family member. You can also talk to a professional mental health counselor. Pregnancy loss support groups may also be a valuable resource to you and your partner. Ask your doctor for more information about these resources. And remember that everyone heals at a different pace and in different ways.
Pregnancy Following a Miscarriage
You can get pregnant after a miscarriage. At least 85% of women who have one go on to have normal pregnancies and births. Having a miscarriage doesn’t mean you have a fertility problem. On the other hand, about 1%-2% of women may have repeated miscarriages (three or more). Some researchers believe this is related to an autoimmune response.
If you've had two miscarriages in a row, you should stop trying to conceive, use a form of birth control, and ask your doctor to do tests to figure out what’s causing the miscarriages.
When to Try to Conceive After a Miscarriage
Discuss the timing of your next pregnancy with your doctor. Some experts say you should wait a certain amount of time (from one menstrual cycle to 3 months) before you try again. While this is not a widespread practice, to prevent another miscarriage the doctor may suggest treatment with progesterone, a hormone that helps the embryo implant and supports early pregnancy in your uterus.
Taking time to heal both physically and emotionally after a miscarriage is important. Above all, don't blame yourself. Counseling is available to help you handle your loss.
Most miscarriages happen because there’s a problem with the pregnancy. You can’t prevent them. If your doctor does testing and finds a problem, treatment options may be available.
If you have an illness, treating it can improve your chances for a successful pregnancy. One step you can take is to get as healthy as you can before you try to have a baby:
Get regular exercise.
Eat a healthy, well-balanced diet.
Maintain a healthy weight.
Don’t smoke, drink alcohol, or take illegal drugs.
Cut back on caffeine.
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Signs of Early Miscarriage
Early miscarriage refers to loss of a pregnancy in the first trimester. The majority of early miscarriages occur before the pregnancy is 10 weeks gestation. Some miscarriages happen very early, even before a woman is sure she is pregnant. Still, miscarriage can be a hard and sad experience, no matter when it occurs.
Miscarriage is more common than many people realize. About 10 to 20% of women who learn they are pregnant will have an early miscarriage. The rates of early miscarriage are even higher when women are checking home pregnancy tests very close to the time of their period and are finding a positive test VERY early. By chance alone, 1% to 4% of women will have two miscarriages in a row. However, it is very rare to have 3 or more miscarriages in a row, which is recurrent miscarriage.
In medical terms, early miscarriage is called an early pregnancy failure. This means that the pregnancy failed to develop. Almost all early miscarriages are due to circumstances beyond anyone’s control, and were destined to happen before the woman even knows she is pregnant.
What are the symptoms of early miscarriage?
Bleeding – light bleeding early in pregnancy is fairly common, and does not mean you will have a miscarriage.
Brown discharge: This may look like coffee grounds. This “discharge” is actually old blood that has been in the uterus for a while and is just coming out slowly.
Spotting, bright red bleeding or clots
Passage of tissue through the vagina
A gush of clear or pink vaginal fluid
Abdominal pain or cramping
Pregnancy symptoms, such as breast tenderness and nausea, begin to go away
Dizziness, lightheadedness, or feeling faint
If you have any symptoms of a miscarriage, you should contact a doctor right away to have an evaluation. It will be important to have an ultrasound exam to look into the uterus to see if the pregnancy is normal or you are having a miscarriage. Even if you think you passed the entire pregnancy and are feeling better, you should see a doctor. Sometimes, passing tissue occurs with an ectopic pregnancy (pregnancy outside of the uterus) which can be life-threatening if not diagnosed early.
Types of early miscarriage
Early miscarriage is a non-medical term for lots of different types of events that might or might not actually result in pregnancy loss. The types of miscarriage include the following:
Spotting or bleeding in the first trimester in which the patient and the doctor are not yet sure if the pregnancy will miscarry or not. About 1/3 of all women will bleed in the first trimester, but only about half of those women will have a miscarriage.
The entire pregnancy is passed from the uterus, most commonly with bleeding and cramping, and no additional treatment or observation is needed.
The pregnancy is definitely miscarrying, but only some of the pregnancy tissue has passed. The tissue that is still in the uterus will eventually pass on its own. Some women may need emergency treatment if there is also heavy vaginal bleeding. Otherwise, women can use medicines to cause the rest of the tissue to pass or simply wait for the rest of the tissue to pass from the uterus.
With this type of miscarriage, the pregnancy implanted but the embryonic tissue (the part of the pregnancy that will develop into a fetus) never developed, or started to develop and then stopped.
With this type of miscarriage, the early embryo (or fetus once 10 weeks pregnant) stops developing and growing.
This is an uncommon type of miscarriage today. With a missed abortion, the pregnancy stops developing but the pregnancy tissue does not pass out of the uterus for at least 4 weeks. Sometimes, dark brown spotting or bleeding occurs, but there is no heavy bleeding.
Some miscarriages occur with an infection in the uterus. This is a serious condition that requires urgent treatment to prevent shock and death. With septic miscarriage, the patient usually develops fever and abdominal pain and may have bleeding and discharge with a foul odor. Antibiotics and suction evacuation of the uterus are important to start as quickly as possible.
What causes early miscarriage?
Almost nothing you can do will cause an early miscarriage. Avoiding sex or heavy work will not impact an early pregnancy. There are a lot of changes that need to occur with the cells and genes in a developing pregnancy, and sometimes those changes do not happen perfectly. There are some health conditions or habits that can increase the chance that an early miscarriage will occur, including:
Use of illicit drugs, especially cocaine
Poorly controlled diabetes
Hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism
Physical problems with the uterus, including fibroids or abnormalities of development of the uterus
Why see our specialists at UC Davis Health?
Our specialists can evaluate you quickly in an office setting. Any laboratory testing or ultrasound examinations that need to be done can be performed easily and conveniently. We perform our own ultrasound examination in the office and can share the results with you immediately.
If we do confirm you have a miscarriage, we can discuss expectant management or treatment options with you immediately. Should you need blood testing to evaluate the pregnancy, the laboratory is in the same building as our office.
If you are having very heavy vaginal bleeding or are feeling very sick, you should go to the Emergency Room to see our physicians.
Treatment of early miscarriage
Not all miscarriages “need” treatment. The choice of whether to wait for the pregnancy to completely pass without any treatment is up to you. Our doctors are committed to providing options for all patients, including the pros and cons of all available options when miscarriage is diagnosed. All patients with Rh-negative blood, regardless of which option they choose, need treatment with Rh-immune globulin, an injection that prevents a woman from forming substances in her blood that may attack the baby during a future pregnancy.
When a diagnosis of miscarriage is made, options include:
This means that you will not receive any treatment; just continued follow-up. In an early miscarriage, with time, most women will pass the pregnancy completely. The main issue is time – there is no way to predict exactly when this will occur. You will typically have heavy bleeding and severe abdominal cramping when the pregnancy does pass. Should you want this option, our doctors can review exactly what to expect, how much bleeding is too much bleeding, and what pain medications can be used once the pregnancy begins to pass from the uterus.
This treatment uses medicines to cause the pregnancy tissue to pass from the uterus. The medicines cause cramping and bleeding, just like what will occur with natural passing of the pregnancy tissue. Using the medicines is like expectant management, except that you know when the pregnancy is going to pass. Most women will pass the pregnancy within 24 hours of taking the medication. Similar to expectant management, our doctors can review exactly what to expect, how much bleeding is too much bleeding, and what pain medications to use during treatment. If the pregnancy does not pass, you can repeat the medical treatment, have a suction aspiration, or continue to wait.
This brief procedure can be done in the office or the operating room. The following steps occur regardless of the location:
The woman is in the same position as during a regular pelvic exam, like when a Pap test is done.
A speculum is placed in the vagina
A cleansing antibacterial solution is applied to the cervix and vagina
Numbing medicine is applied to the cervix to decrease cramping
The cervix is dilated (opened) with thin rods; with early miscarriage, the cervix does not need to be opened much to complete the procedure
A thin straw-like tube is placed through the open cervixThe pregnancy is removed using a mechanical suction pump attached to the tube
Everything is removed from the vagina when the procedure is done
You may choose to have the procedure in the office or operating room based on your preferences – different women have different needs. Office procedure:
A spouse, partner, friend or relative can be in the room with you
If desired, oral medications can be taken before the procedure to help you feel more relaxed
You can eat or drink anything you want before the procedure
The suction used in the office is most commonly a syringe that creates the suction so no noisy machine is used
You will usually goes home 15-30 minutes after the procedure and can resume relatively normal activities
Operating room procedure
The procedure is done in an outpatient operating suite or in the main hospital
You will be asleep during the procedure
You cannot eat or drink anything after midnight on the night before the procedure because you will be receiving anesthesia
You will feel sleepy for the whole day after the procedure and will need someone to be able to drive you home and be with you for the whole day after the procedure
The operating room is more appropriate for women with certain medical conditions
After treatment for a miscarriage
Bleeding may continue for several weeks after a miscarriage but tends to be much lighter with a suction aspiration. Any bleeding may change in color from bright red to pink or brown. Lower abdominal cramping in the few days after treatment is also common. You should contact a doctor right away if the bleeding gets heavier after the miscarriage instead of lighter, if a fever develops, or if vaginal discharge or a strange or unpleasant vaginal odor occurs. Avoid intercourse, douching, or using tampons for one week. Regular activities can be resumed right away, based on how you feel. Importantly, if you want to delay getting pregnant after the miscarriage, it will be very important to start an effective method of contraception.
Frequently asked questions about miscarriage
Having one miscarriage does not increase your chances of having another. If you have had only one prior miscarriage, the rate of miscarriage in the next pregnancy is similar to the overall rate in the general population.
No. Working, exercise and sexual activity do not increase the risk of miscarriage.
Patients were told years ago to wait one or two menstrual cycles to wait to get pregnant. We know that it is highly unlikely that any problems occur with a next pregnancy if you get pregnant right away. How soon you decide to try again will depend on whether you want to be pregnant right away and if you feel you need time to recover emotionally from the miscarriage. Ovulation can resume as early as two weeks after a miscarriage, so if you do not want to get pregnant right away, you need effective contraception immediately.
Since most early miscarriages are caused by problems specific to that fertilized egg, and miscarriage overall is relatively common, most experts do not recommend special testing until you have had three early miscarriages (or two miscarriages in women 40 years and older). At that point it is termed "recurrent" miscarriage and further testing may be needed. Studies have shown that even after a woman has experienced three consecutive miscarriages, her chance of the next pregnancy being normal is still about 70%. All women who have a pregnancy loss later in pregnancy should have further testing.
Tips to help support parents after pregnancy loss
UC Davis Health social worker Brenna Rizan, who works within the Department of Obstetrics/Gynecology provides supportive tips and advice for grieving parents, family and friends after pregnancy loss.
Miscarriages are more common than people think - KCRA (Interview with Brenna Rizan)
Facebook Live: Discussing miscarriages with Dr. Mitch Creinin
UC Davis Early Pregnancy and Miscarriage Center
Early miscarriage - symptoms and how to prevent it
The term "early miscarriage" refers to a spontaneous abortion that occurs in the first 6-8 weeks of pregnancy. It can occur before 20 weeks of pregnancy for reasons related to the natural states of the fair sex. According to statistics, the logical outcome of every fifth pregnancy is a miscarriage. However, quite often a woman does not even know that she was pregnant by the time the fetus is rejected by the body.
In addition, a curious pattern was revealed: more often than a natural one, a pregnancy induced artificially ends in a miscarriage. For example, in vitro fertilization, unfortunately, does not always lead to a successful pregnancy and the birth of a baby on time.
Why can an early miscarriage occur?
Here are the most common causes, each of which significantly increases the risk of miscarriage:
the expectant mother has certain infectious diseases, as well as STDs;
intoxication of a woman's body for various reasons, including as a result of her living in an ecologically unfavorable region;
all kinds of metabolic disorders in the body;
hormonal disruptions, including those caused by a malfunction of the thyroid gland;
various neoplasms in the uterus and others, as well as the cervix, pathologies;
maintenance by the future mother of a life far from a healthy lifestyle. May include drinking alcohol, smoking, taking psychotropic and narcotic drugs, as well as malnutrition;
immune status disorders;
too early for pregnancy or, conversely, the patient's overly mature age at times increases the risk of miscarriage;
all kinds of pathologies of chromosomes and genes;
prolonged exposure to stress or severe psycho-emotional trauma in a woman.
The timing of a miscarriage may depend, among other things, on the patient's genetic predisposition to miscarriage. Finally, often its specific cause remains unexplained to the end.
Symptoms of miscarriage
A pregnant woman should urgently seek medical help if she has the following warning signs:
bleeding from the vagina;
spotting discharge from the genital tract. They can have both light pink and intense red or brownish tint;
severe pain in the lumbar region;
abdominal pain, etc.
All of the above signs can be symptoms of a miscarriage. Timely provision of qualified medical care is the key to maintaining pregnancy.
Life after miscarriage
If a woman could not bear the pregnancy - an early miscarriage crossed out all her plans - then she needs to calm down and take all measures to prevent such complications in the future. Usually obstetricians-gynecologists recommend planning a new pregnancy no earlier than six months after a miscarriage. During this time, a woman needs to be examined and find out if she has any pathology in her body that could lead to an abortion. It can be various STDs and infectious diseases. In the presence of chronic diseases that can provoke spontaneous abortion, it is necessary to throw all your efforts into their treatment.
Gynecologists of the corresponding department of our private clinic in Ryazan will help you find out what could have caused the miscarriage, as well as make recommendations on how to prepare for pregnancy. They usually include a set of physical exercises suitable for a woman, a diet rich in everything necessary for bearing a healthy baby, no stress, and measures to maintain a normal body mass index. Can't recover or get pregnant after a miscarriage? Contact "ON CLINIC in Ryazan" - here you will definitely be helped!
Causes and symptoms of miscarriage in the early stages of pregnancy
A woman is especially anxious about the news of her own pregnancy. A new life begins to develop inside it, which will soon be born and become the main reason for its existence for the coming years. However, an early miscarriage is able to cross out unrealizable dreams and postpone a successful birth for an indefinite period. When the expulsion of the fetus occurs before 12 weeks of its development in the womb, every fifth woman does not yet know about the upcoming motherhood. This does not make the process of loss any less emotionally and physically painful. But after learning about a failed pregnancy and turning to a doctor, a woman can determine causes of miscarriage to prevent a similar situation in the future.
Early miscarriage - how does the anomaly proceed
What does science define by the term "miscarriage"? From the point of view of gynecology, this is the process of spontaneous termination of pregnancy up to 22 weeks, when the weight parameters of the embryo do not exceed 0. 5 kg. If a baby developing in the womb weighs 500 grams, then doctors can save him and give a premature baby the opportunity for a happy life. If the weight is less than this indicator, then the struggle for the life of the born baby is meaningless. As mentioned above, early miscarriage is often not felt by a woman. All she notices is a slight delay in the menstrual cycle and increased bleeding during the onset of menstruation, accompanied by severe pain.
Discomfort and painful symptoms can be soothed by taking painkillers and nettle infusion. However, in some cases they are powerless, so going to the doctor is the only right decision in this situation. Analyzing causes of miscarriage , you will surely remember how a copious blood clot came out of you along with menstruation. It was he who became the main symptom of spontaneous expulsion of the fetus by the body.
When a clot breaks, it is important to see a doctor immediately. After the examination, the specialist will tell you if there are any remains of the fetus inside you. In this case, early miscarriage requires cleaning of the uterus to remove traces of embryonic decay from it and prevent subsequent infection.
In case of a miscarriage before 12 weeks, the woman's body seems to give a signal that it is not ready for a full-fledged pregnancy. Or that the parents have health problems that need to be addressed. Consult a doctor to find out the causes of the pathology. The specialist will conduct an examination, prescribe a set of preventive, therapeutic and supportive procedures, after which it will be possible to start talking about pregnancy and childbirth again.
Such different causes of miscarriage – let's get acquainted with provocateurs
Among the most common causes of miscarriage, problems of various etiologies can be noted. Among them:
Genetic failures - in the presence of a mutating element in the parental chromosomes, the fetus is expelled from the uterus as incapacitated and contrary to the principles of natural selection of the organism. Various factors can influence the manifestation and development of pathology, it is not always possible to determine them exactly.
Hormonal imbalance - the cause of miscarriage may be insufficient production of the hormone progesterone, or the predominance of male hormones in the female body. At the stage of preparation for pregnancy, such an anomaly is easily eliminated by the use of hormone therapy. Such measures help to avoid spontaneous abortion at an early stage.
Rh-conflict of parents - with a negative Rh factor of the mother's blood, the same indicator of the father plays a very important role. With opposite values early miscarriage is quite possible. If the fetus has a positive Rh factor, then the mother's body seeks to get rid of the foreign body, trying to expel the embryo by any available means. With early diagnosis of an anomaly, the doctor uses progesterone to protect the fetus, which prevents the expulsion of the fetus. If both parents are negative for the Rh factor, then the conflict can be avoided.
Infectious diseases are a negative factor that can cause harm to the fetus and the body of the expectant mother of various strengths. In the case of genital infections, it is better to get rid of them before the moment of conception, otherwise infection of the embryo is inevitable. It could become cause of miscarriage early pregnancy . Inflammatory processes in the body of a woman are also taken into account. An increase in temperature in response to the harmful effects of the disease is often accompanied by a general intoxication of the body. This takes away the strength of the fetus, so the body easily gives up the embryo without keeping it in the uterus.
Abortion is a rather complicated operation in terms of the strength of the subsequent impact on the female body. Unprofessional disposal of the fetus can become the cause of miscarriage in the future, and also lead the woman to a complete loss of reproductive function. It is impossible to correct the situation, therefore, doctors, as a rule, communicate for a long time with a woman who has decided to have an abortion in order to convince her to carry out her plan.
Medicines and medicines - the first trimester of pregnancy is famous for the fact that during this period it is strictly forbidden to take any medicines and drugs. Since vital organs are laid in the embryo, the funds can provoke an anomaly in the development of the child. Also during pregnancy, herbs are prohibited: nettle, tansy, St. John's wort, parsley. Their intake can cause miscarriage and loss of the embryo by the mother's body.
Mechanical injuries - during pregnancy it is very important to protect yourself from serious physical exertion and possible mechanical damage. From the first days, fitness and other types of physical activity in non-specialized groups are prohibited. In order not to provoke an early miscarriage , it is better to enroll in specialized sports groups for pregnant women, where the load is accurately calculated and only exercises that are harmless to the health of the mother and child are used. You can not lift weights, overexert yourself, be subjected to falls, bumps and unsuccessful loads. Even if the mother is full of health and strength, during pregnancy it is better to beware of careless actions.
Other factors - unfavorable environment, harmful working conditions, unbalanced diet.
There are also causes of miscarriage based on stress, depression, nervous mood of the future mother. Even at the stage of pregnancy planning, parents should change the usual rhythm of life in order to exclude all negative factors from it. This truth is especially true for women. In order not to provoke an early miscarriage , she must get rid of bad habits, addiction to coffee, alcohol, smoking. She needs to rest more, get enough sleep, eat right and rationally, walk more and breathe fresh air.
Symptoms of a miscarriage - how to determine the termination of pregnancy
The most pronounced signs of spontaneous abortion are pain in the lower abdomen and in the lumbar region, as well as bleeding. Pain symptoms are often spasmodic in nature. They arise suddenly, slowly step aside and after a certain period they roll again. Bloody discharge from the vagina or unstoppable bleeding requires the immediate call of an ambulance team. When observing such signs, there is a high probability of miscarriage in the early stages , so the hospitalization of the expectant mother in such conditions is necessary.
If we compare abundant bleeding and spotting manifestations, then the latter give more chances for the preservation of the fetus. However, it is not worth delaying the call of the doctor in both cases. The consequences can be very serious. If abundant blood flow is accompanied by the presence of clots and pieces of mucous in the fluid, then this indicates a miscarriage that has already occurred.
Often a possible harbinger of termination of pregnancy is a diagnosis made by an obstetrician-gynecologist, indicating a high tone of the uterus. So that the cause of miscarriage does not provoke it, the future woman in labor is advised to remain calm, not to be nervous, not to overwork.
In general, the presence of many of the symptoms listed above is not a panacea for abortion. With timely treatment of a woman to a doctor, further gestation is possible. The only thing that will have to be faced in this case is the careful care of the attending staff of the gynecological consultation.
Treatment of early miscarriage
Bed rest is the main rule for the normal course of pregnancy when there are threats to it. The doctor, excluding any causes of miscarriage , recommends that the future woman in labor lead a measured and calm lifestyle, take care of herself and her own nerves, eat well and give herself little joys, raising her spirits and tuning in to positive. If the threat of losing the child is strong, then the specialist may completely prohibit getting out of bed once again. In this case, ideal conditions can only be achieved in a hospital, which is why pregnant women with a burdened history are often placed in the prenatal ward for preservation.
Psychologists say that the psycho-emotional background of the expectant mother plays one of the leading roles in the process of preparing for childbirth. In order not to provoke a miscarriage at an early stage and at a later period, a woman needs to think about the good and pleasant. It is useful to read your favorite books, listen to soothing music, breathe measuredly and calmly. To prevent you from having the slightest chance of being upset, your doctor may prescribe valerian or motherwort. For pregnant women, they are absolutely harmless. Expectant mothers are encouraged to think positive. About how the baby will be born, what name the parents will give him, how beautiful and strong he will become as he grows up.
If the causes of miscarriage are more significant, the doctor may prescribe hormonal agents that normalize the general background of pregnancy. Medications with a high content of progesterone, anti-hyperandrogenism drugs and reducing the risk of Rhesus conflict pills may be prescribed. If the threat of miscarriage is high, then cervical closure may be used. The sutures are applied under anesthesia, so the procedure is not painful.
Some women have to be under the strict supervision of specialists for the entire period of pregnancy. It happens when possible early miscarriage and later. At the same time, the future woman in labor can be placed in the hospital once, and can also be there on a permanent basis. The reward for strict adherence to the doctor's recommendations is a full-fledged process of pregnancy development and childbirth in due time. A healthy baby who was born can more than compensate for all the inconvenience and discomfort experienced by the parents.
In order to prevent miscarriage, it is recommended that both parents take a balanced approach to the decision to become pregnant. It is necessary to prepare for conception in advance, undergo all the necessary examinations, take the recommended tests. This will eliminate the maximum causes of miscarriage and reduce the risk of developing a negative scenario during pregnancy.