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My baby broke out in small red bumps
Common childhood rashes | Pregnancy Birth and Baby
If your child has a seizure, call triple zero (000) immediately and ask for an ambulance.
If you think your child might have meningococcal rash, go to the nearest emergency department immediately.
There are many different types of childhood rashes. Many are not serious.
If your child has a rash and fever, they should see their doctor.
If your child has a meningococcal rash, go immediately to the emergency department.
If you think your child might have meningococcal rash, go to the nearest emergency department immediately.
You can read more about serious childhood rashes here.
Rashes with no fever or itching
Milia (blocked oil glands)
Up to 1 in every 2 newborn babies develop small white spots called milia on their face, especially on the nose. These are just blocked pores, and they’re not itchy or contagious. They usually clear up without treatment within a few weeks.
Many newborns develop a blotchy red skin reaction called erythema toxicum, which can appear between 2 days and 2 weeks after birth. Flat, red patches or small bumps often first appear on the face and spread to the body and limbs. The rash is harmless, not contagious, and will clear after a few days or a week.
Some babies get pimples on their cheeks and nose in the first three months of life. These pimples normally disappear without any treatment, usually within a few months.
Nappy rash is inflammation of the skin in the nappy area. It can look red, sore and inflamed. Nappy rash is usually caused by urine (wee) or faeces (poo) irritating the skin.
To avoid nappy rash, keep the nappy area clean and dry with frequent nappy changes and nappy-free time. You can help protect the skin by putting on a barrier cream such as zinc or soft white paraffin at each nappy change.
Persistent nappy rash can be treated with a medicated cream. Don’t use talcum powder or antiseptics to treat nappy rash. If your baby develops a fungal infection, you’ll need to use an antifungal ointment. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice.
Erythema multiforme (minor)
Erythema multiforme is a rash triggered by an infection (most commonly herpes simplex virus), medicine or an illness. Your baby might feel unwell or have a mild fever before the rash appears. Red spots develop on the hands, feet, arms and legs and spread symmetrically across both sides of the body. The spots often become raised or blistered and then develop into classic target-like lesions.
Erythema multiforme is not contagious, and usually resolves without treatment in 3 to 6 weeks.
Keratosis pilaris (‘chicken skin’)
Keratosis pilaris is a harmless condition where the skin becomes rough and bumpy, as if permanently covered in goose pimples. These bumps most commonly occur on the upper arms and thighs. You can try several things to help the rash to clear up, including moisturising regularly.
Rashes that might be itchy
Eczema (Atopic dermatitis)
Eczema is a very common skin condition affecting 1 in 3 Australians. It causes the skin to become itchy, red, dry and cracked, often in the creases at the knees and elbows.
Eczema commonly starts before a baby is 12 months old. Eczema follows a relapsing-remitting course. This means that there are flare-ups of the rash, followed by periods where there is no rash or a minimal rash.
Eczema management includes preventative treatment such as avoiding skin irritants, moisturising regularly and using bath oil. Treatment of flare-ups includes using steroid and anti-inflammatory creams.
Ringworm is a common, contagious skin infection that causes a ring-like red rash with a clear centre. It commonly occurs on the scalp, feet and groin, but it can appear almost anywhere on the body.
Ringworm is caused by a fungus, not a worm, and is usually treated with over-the-counter antifungal creams. You should keep your child home from childcare or school until a day after you have started treatment to prevent spreading the infection.
Prickly heat (heat rash)
Heat rash might appear if your baby gets hot in a humid environment. The rash shows as tiny red bumps or blisters on the skin, which can be very itchy. Cooling your baby down and avoiding humidity is the best way to prevent heat rash, which usually clears within 2 to 3 days without treatment.
Impetigo (school sores)
Impetigo is a highly contagious bacterial infection of the skin. It causes red sores and blisters that form a yellow crust. It is very common in children aged 2 to 6, and it is not usually serious in this age group, but it can be dangerous for newborn babies.
If your child has impetigo, you should see your doctor, who might prescribe an antibiotic cream, ointment or tablet. This should clear the infection within 7 to 10 days. Keep your child home from childcare or school and away from young babies until the sores have dried up, usually a few days after treatment starts.
Hives is a raised, red, itchy rash. It is common on the chest, stomach and back, as well as the throat and limbs, but it can appear on any part of the body. Hives usually disappears within a few days without any treatment. Antihistamines can be given to relieve itching. If the rash doesn't go away, you should see your doctor.
Hives isn’t usually serious, but it can be a sign of a more serious allergic reaction (anaphylaxis). If your child develops hives after eating, or together with other symptoms such as vomiting, dizziness or trouble breathing, you should seek urgent medical attention.
If your child has symptoms of a serious allergic reaction (anaphylaxis), call triple zero (000) immediately and ask for an ambulance.
Pityriasis rosea is a mild skin rash that sometimes appears after a sore throat, cold or fever. It begins with a single pink or tan-coloured patch on the chest or back. Red, oval-shaped patches, which may be itchy, then appear on the chest or back and limbs over the next weeks.
The exact cause of pityriasis rosea is unclear, and it is not thought to be contagious. The rash usually clears up within a couple of months without treatment.
If you are pregnant, pityriasis rosea can in rare cases lead to complications. See your doctor if you are pregnant and have contact with a child who has pityriasis rosea.
Molluscum contagiosum is a viral skin infection that is spread by skin-to-skin contact or by sharing swimming pool water, bath water or towels.
Molluscum contagiosum spots look like pimples and grow into round pearly white lumps, usually 2 to 5 millimetres in size. They can be itchy. They usually heal without treatment within 6 months, but sometimes longer.
Rashes with fever
Slapped cheek disease (fifth disease)
Slapped cheek disease is a viral infection that mainly affects pre-school and school-age children. It typically causes a bright red rash on both cheeks that spreads as a ‘lacy’ rash on the body and limbs. Occasionally, it causes a fever.
Slapped cheek disease is usually mild and clears up in a few days without treatment. The child is contagious before the rash appears, but not once it has appeared.
If you are pregnant and catch the virus, it may cause a type of anaemia in your unborn baby. It can also cause miscarriage. If you suspect you or your child has slapped cheek disease, you should avoid contact with people who might be pregnant.
Hand, foot and mouth disease
Hand, foot and mouth disease is a mild but highly contagious viral illness. It causes a rash on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet and blisters in the mouth. It is not the same as the foot-and-mouth disease that affects farm animals.
The disease is common in childcare and kindergartens. Your child might feel unwell and have a fever and blisters on the hands and feet and in the mouth and in the nappy area. The illness usually lasts about 7 to 10 days. Children with hand, foot and mouth disease should stay away from childcare or school until all the blisters have dried up.
Hand, foot and mouth disease usually resolves on its own without complications. In rare cases, it can be more serious, especially if you have a weakened immune system or are pregnant. Complications can include infections of the brain and heart muscle and miscarriage.
Roseola infantum is a contagious viral infection that can cause cold-like symptoms and a high fever. The high fever may last for a few days. Roseola infantum can also cause some children to have a febrile convulsion (seizure).
Children with roseola infantum develop a rash after the fever has resolved. The rash looks like raised pink spots that start on the chest, stomach and back and spread to the limbs. The child is contagious before the rash appears, but not after. The rash usually lasts 3 to 5 days.
Febrile convulsions can look scary but are generally not harmful.
If your child has a seizure, call triple zero (000) immediately and ask for an ambulance.
When to seek help
Many babies develop a skin rash in their first days or weeks of life as their sensitive skin adapts to a new environment. Most rashes are harmless and go away on their own, but if your baby seems unwell, or if you’re worried, you should see your doctor. They can advise about the cause and whether treatment is necessary.
Whatever their age, you should take your child to the doctor if they have a rash and persistent high temperature, cold or cough symptoms or swollen neck glands.
Treatment of common childhood rashes
If you think your child might be contagious, they should stay at home. Keep them away from school, childcare and other children. You should also keep them away from people who are pregnant, or who might be pregnant, since some childhood infections can cause serious problems in unborn babies.
You can use paracetamol or ibuprofen (in babies aged over 3 months) to reduce fever — read the packet instructions carefully to ensure your child receives the right amount for their age and weight.
Your pharmacist can advise you on treating the symptoms of common rashes. For example, you can use over-the-counter creams to prevent itchiness.
If you are concerned about your child’s rash, call Pregnancy, Birth and Baby on 1800 882 436 to talk to a maternal child health nurse, or call Healthdirect on 1800 022 022 to talk to a registered nurse. Alternatively, contact your doctor.
Speak to a maternal child health nurse
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Is It Baby Acne, a Rash, or Something Else?
Even adults can find it difficult to identify their skin issues. Everyone’s skin is different, and the way rashes and acne flare up can vary. Babies can’t tell you what they’re feeling, so you’ll have to go on looks alone.
Read on to learn about some of the most common skin issues that babies face and how you can treat them at home.
Baby acne usually develops about 2 to 4 weeks after birth. Tiny red or white bumps appear on the baby’s cheeks, nose, and forehead. The cause is unknown. It typically clears up on its own in about 3 to 4 months without leaving marks.
To treat baby acne, don’t use any of the over-the-counter acne products you’d use on yourself. These can damage your baby’s delicate skin.
Regular home care should be enough to treat baby acne:
Wash your baby’s face daily with warm water. You may also try a gentle, unscented soap.
Do not scrub hard or pinch irritated areas.
Avoid lotions and oily face products.
If you’re concerned that your baby’s acne isn’t going away, their doctor can recommend or prescribe safe treatments.
Eczema is a skin condition that causes a dry, red, itchy, and sometimes painful rash. It’s more common in children and often develops in the first 6 months of life. The condition can continue as the child gets older, or they may grow out of it.
In babies up to 6 months old, eczema often appears on the cheeks or forehead. As the baby gets older, the rash may move to the elbows, knees, and skin creases.
Eczema flares up when the skin is dry or when the skin comes into contact with an allergen or irritant, such as:
Drooling can also irritate eczema around the chin or mouth.
There’s no cure for eczema, but there are ways to manage your baby’s symptoms:
Give your baby short, lukewarm baths (between 5 and 10 minutes) and use an unscented or gentle soap on the affected areas.
Use a thick, unscented cream or ointment as a moisturizer twice a day.
Use fragrance-free laundry detergent designed for sensitive skin.
Your baby’s pediatrician may be able to prescribe a steroid ointment to help reduce inflammation. Use this as directed by their doctor.
Milia are tiny white bumps on a newborn’s nose, chin, or cheeks that look similar to acne. They can also appear on the baby’s arms and legs. The bumps are caused by dead skin flakes becoming trapped near the skin’s surface. Like baby acne, milia go away without treatment.
However, you can use the same at-home care:
Wash your baby’s face daily with plain water or if needed, an unscented or gentle soap.
Do not scrub hard or pinch the irritated areas.
Avoid lotions or oily face products.
Cradle cap looks like scaly, yellowish, crusty patches on the baby’s head. Depending on your baby’s skin tone, the patches may appear yellowish, brown, purple, or grey.
Cradle cap usually develops when a baby is 2 or 3 months old. There may also be redness surrounding the patches. This rash may also appear on the baby’s:
Cradle cap is not harmful to your baby. It’s not itchy like eczema. It’ll go away on its own in a few weeks or months without treatment.
Some things you can do at home to manage cradle cap are:
Wash your baby’s hair and scalp with a gentle shampoo.
Brush scales out with a soft-bristled hairbrush.
Avoid washing hair too often, as it’ll dry out the scalp.
Use baby oil to soften the scales so they’re easier to brush out.
Heat rash is caused when sweat gets trapped under the skin because of blocked pores. It’s usually caused by exposure to hot or humid weather. When a baby gets heat rash, they develop tiny, red, fluid-filled blisters. These can appear on the:
The rash generally goes away within a few days without treatment. However, see your baby’s doctor if they develop a fever or if the rash:
does not go away
To avoid overheating, dress your baby in loose-fitting cotton clothing during hot summer months. Take off extra layers if they get too hot in cooler weather.
Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is a highly contagious viral infection. HFMD commonly causes blisters or sores to appear in or around the mouth or on the hands or feet. The rash may be seen in one or more of these locations.
The rash looks like red blisters or bumps. As the disease progresses, the sores may crust over. The spots may be harder to identify on darker skin tones.
While it can occur in anyone, it’s more commonly seen in children under 5 years old.
Additional symptoms may include:
Because HFMD is a viral infection, there is no treatment. People typically recover within 7 to 10 days.
Talk with your baby’s pediatrician to determine if you can offer baby acetaminophen (Tylenol) to help make your child more comfortable while they recover. Your pediatrician may also recommend ibuprofen (Motrin) in babies 6 months and older.
A pediatrician may also be able to recommend over-the-counter or prescription topical ointments to help relieve pain from the sores.
Limit acidic or spicy foods, such as citrus, as these can irritate the sores. Instead, offer cold foods, like popsicles, to help soothe sores in the mouth. It’s also important to keep your child isolated and out of care settings until the sores have healed. HFMD is extremely contagious.
These skin conditions are generally harmless and usually go away on their own with little or no treatment. You can help your baby avoid irritating the area by keeping their nails short and putting soft cotton gloves or socks on them at night.
If you’re concerned or feel that your child may require medical intervention, talk with their pediatrician.
How to care for the skin of a newborn.
After discharge from the hospital, mother and baby gradually get used to the daily routine. The child should eat well and be warm - this is the first on the list. No less important is the care of the skin of the baby, which is very delicate and sensitive to external stimuli. To adapt to the new environment, the baby needs time and care of parents. Chemicals, fragrances, dyes in clothes, and detergents cause redness, diaper rash, or a rash. How to properly care for the skin of a newborn to protect the child from contact dermatitis, allergies, and other rashes?
The baby is born with a protective coating. During this period, there is no need to bathe the baby or use baby lotions and creams.
A full bath is normal from the first days of a baby's life, the main thing is to follow the rules:
- bathe your baby in a warm room.
- water should be at body temperature: 36-37 degrees to the touch.
- make sure the necessary items for the procedure are within reach. - remove jewelry that can scratch the child.
- hold the newborn firmly by lifting his head above the water.
- do not use cotton swabs to clean the nose and ears.
- To wash your baby's face, use water without soap.
- never leave a child unattended while bathing, even for a moment.
- For the first 2-3 months after birth, give up shampoo and soap, which can cause an allergic reaction in the baby.
- if you do use baby bath products, make sure they are soft, suitable for babies and odorless.
- then carefully wrap the baby in a cotton towel or a special corner robe for newborns.
- the room in which the baby will be after the bath should be warm, and air conditioners and fans should be turned off to prevent colds. Umbilical cord care
By the time of discharge from the hospital, this organ, which connected mother and baby during all 9 months of pregnancy, will begin to dry out. Gradually, the umbilical cord atrophies and falls off within 1-2 weeks. Until then, the place of its attachment to the belly of the newborn must be kept clean and dry. All you need is plain water. You can not pull the keratinized part, even if it begins to fall off. The process will end by itself. To protect your baby's delicate skin, buy diapers for newborns that have a notch in the waistband for the unhealed navel. If you are using regular diapers, fold the edge so that the fabric does not rub against the tummy. In some cases, the child may need a doctor. Contact your pediatrician if your child has a fever of 38°C or more along with changes in the navel: the area is red and swollen; oozing yellow pus; there is an unpleasant smell. Many mothers are worried about the appearance of small specks of blood on the baby's undershirt or diaper, the child's bed. A little bleeding is normal.
Diapers and diapers
Change diapers more often as soon as you notice that they are wet or dirty. If left for too long, it can cause infections. For newborn hygiene, thoroughly clean the genital area after every diaper change. Wash your baby under warm, running water to prevent irritation. Allow a few minutes for the skin to air dry, or gently pat dry with a soft towel. Use baby wipes less often to care for your newborn's skin. Perfume and alcohol in them can cause irritation, cause a rash. Make sure you buy diapers in a size that fits your baby. If the baby's skin in the diaper area is irritated, choose a different brand or stop using them for a while. . Wash reusable diapers and diapers with a mild, unscented detergent or clean, hot water. Most diaper rashes on a newborn's skin are not dangerous, but some can be a sign of an infection and need to be looked after. If the baby's skin is very reddened, itchy, or causes pain, contact your pediatrician immediately.
What to do in case of skin problems
In the first months after birth, the baby may develop a rash, irritation, diaper rash, which seem unusual to parents.
Most of the newborn skin problems do not need treatment:
- baby pimples - a small red rash on the face. As a rule, it disappears over time without intervention.
- milia are tiny whiteheads on a child's face.
- erythema is a common patchy rash that can affect newborns. Some appear as yellow or white bumps surrounded by a red halo. The rash tends to migrate to different parts of the body. It is most common on the second day of life, but may appear at birth or within the first two weeks. There is no cure - erythema gradually disappears on its own.
This rash appears as red bumps that may fester. It usually appears on the forehead, cheeks, or scalp, and sometimes spreads to other parts of the body. The risk group includes infants who suffer from allergies from birth or have a genetic predisposition to the disease. In case of pathology, it is recommended to use special moisturizers: ointments, creams, oils. Do not bathe the baby for a long time with this disease. When an allergic rash appears, a consultation with a pediatrician is required.
- untimely diaper change. Urine or stool in a diaper irritates a newborn's skin, causing red weeping spots.
- bacterial or yeast infection. Taking antibiotics can cause the growth of fungi of the genus Candida. It usually appears around the genitals and buttocks of an infant. It looks like red spots with a whitish coating.
How to properly care for your skin to prevent diaper rash:
- do not use reusable diapers often.
- give up talcum powder: it dries out the skin of a newborn.
- air baths for half an hour. Heat rash is caused by overheating of the body. It is usually visible in the folds of the baby's skin. Hot, humid weather is a favorable time for prickly heat. To avoid rashes, keep your newborn cool by dressing him in loose cotton clothing.
This disease develops when an infant's skin comes into contact with an irritant. The rash appears at the points of contact with the allergen: metal latches on T-shirts; dyes in clothes; washing powder; inappropriate soap, shampoo; allergic to the oil used. Parents need to trace, after which rashes appear, and eliminate the irritant. To bathe the baby, you need to use shampoo and soap that do not cause allergies in the newborn; iron baby clothes before putting them on. For washing, special powders or gels are used that do not contain fragrances and dyes, the child's clothes, bed linen and blankets are washed separately from the family's wardrobe items.
"Don't drink coffee": the doctor named foods that cause acne on the face
https://rsport.ria.ru/20200603/1572378091.html on the face
"Do not drink coffee": the doctor named the products that cause acne on the face - RIA Novosti Sport, 06/03/2020 Lisitsina spoke on her Youtube channel about products, the use of which can provoke the appearance of acne on ... RIA Novosti Sport, 06/03/2020
MOSCOW, June 3 - RIA Novosti. Dermatovenereologist and cosmetologist Olga Lisitsina spoke on her Youtube channel about products that can cause acne on the face. The skin becomes vulnerable, dull, dry and dehydrated. Chocolate, muffins, cakes, cakes, cookies and other sweets - all this contains a huge amount of sugar. "However, like 90 percent of the products that we consume, including sauces, mayonnaises and ketchups, "adds the dermatovenereologist. Coffee In addition, the drink activates the increased production of cortisol (stress hormone), which weakens the immune system. Emphasis should be placed on the word children, because initially milk is a substrate for the growth of babies. Accordingly, it contains a huge amount of growth hormones. According to various sources, there are more than sixty-six of them. Milk also contains testosterone, progesterone and lactose, which causes a crazy jump in insulin in the body, "says the dermatovenereologist. In her opinion, milk should never be mixed with coffee and sugar. Salt Due to the fact that salt retains water in the body , you can wake up with unpleasant swelling in the morning.Marinades, pickles and tomatoes, sausages, dumplings, ketchup - all this contains the maximum allowable amount of salt.GlutenThis is a sticky substance that is part of complex proteins, which is found in cereals such as wheat, rye , barley, pearl barley, bulgur, couscous, spelt and soy.Gluten can also be added to "products in production": these include baked goods and pasta, meat products and sausages. tract, weaken the immune system and negatively affect the condition of the skin. Alcohol Reason number one: alcohol removes the maximum amount from the body the nature of the liquid. The skin becomes dry, premature wrinkles appear. Two: removing fluid from the body, alcohol retains it in the peripheral vessels. “This is fraught with the expansion of capillaries on the skin of the face, especially in the cheeks. Plus, the liquid can linger in the lower third of the face: there is a possibility of deformation of this part and premature gravitational ptosis.” Three: alcohol contains the maximum amount of sugar. Dry wine is also not recommended. Four: due to the "swing" described in the first three paragraphs, skin immunity is sharply reduced.
MOSCOW, June 3 - RIA Novosti. Dermatovenereologist and cosmetologist Olga Lisitsina spoke on her Youtube channel about products that can cause acne on her face.
The most harmful product, according to the expert, changes the composition of sebum - this leads to the loss of antibacterial, antimycotic and other protective properties. The skin becomes fragile, dull, dry and dehydrated.
Chocolate, muffins, cakes, cakes, biscuits and other sweets are all high in sugar. “However, like 90 percent of the products that we consume, including sauces, mayonnaises and ketchups,” adds the dermatovenereologist.
"Many people try to trick their body by eating a huge amount of sweet fruits instead of sugar. But you will not improve the situation: bananas, grapes, mangoes, dates contain a lot of fructose, and our body is simply not ready to digest it in such volumes. The reaction in the form of rashes on the face will follow immediately,” says the expert. 9February 3, 2020 However, the doctor claims that coffee causes vasospasm, as a result of which the skin "does not receive a colossal amount of oxygen." In addition, the drink activates the increased production of cortisol (stress hormone), which weakens the immune system.
"Coffee also impairs the absorption of useful minerals and vitamins, and also slows down the synthesis of collagen - and this, at least, disrupts the skin regeneration process. And no matter what coffee you drink - strong or diluted - the effect will be the same" , - says Olga Lisitsina.
June 2, 2020, 08:00 healthy lifestyle
Eating little, but not losing weight: six reasons why weight stays the same
it is worth using the word children, because initially milk is a substrate for the growth of babies. Accordingly, it contains a huge amount of growth hormones. According to various sources, there are more than sixty-six of them. Milk also contains testosterone, progesterone and lactose, which causes a crazy jump in insulin in the body," says the dermatovenereologist.
In her opinion, milk should never be mixed with coffee and sugar.
"This is a delicious slap in the face of the pancreas. After such a" blow "it will take a very long time to recover. And, believe me, this will definitely affect the condition of the skin," the expert warns.
20 May 2020, 08:00 Healthy lifestyle
A cardiologist named the five most dangerous foods for the heart Marinades, pickles and tomatoes, sausages, dumplings, ketchup - all this contains the maximum allowable amount of salt.
"Fast food, chips, crackers - there's nothing to even say. Monosodium glutamate, trans fats, dyes, preservatives, food additives - in combination, this will cause changes in the composition of sebum, which will most negatively affect the condition of the skin," the doctor explains.
cereals such as wheat, rye, barley, pearl barley, bulgur, couscous, spelt and soy. Also, gluten can be added to "products in production": these include bakery products and pasta, meat products and sausages.
Eating a lot of gluten-containing foods can disrupt the gastrointestinal tract, weaken the immune system and negatively affect skin condition.
"How to understand if your skin is sensitive to gluten? Just eliminate the products listed above from the diet. No additional diagnostic methods are required here - you will see all the changes on your face," says the expert.
June 2, 2020, 16:15 Healthy lifestyle
Endocrinologist listed products that restore bowel function
Reason number one: alcohol removes the maximum amount of fluid from the body.