Burns and scalds are damage to the skin caused by heat. Both are treated in the same way.
A burn is caused by dry heat – by an iron or fire, for example. A scald is caused by something wet, such as hot water or steam.
Burns can be very painful and may cause:
red or peeling skin
white or charred skin
The amount of pain you feel isn't always related to how serious the burn is. Even a very serious burn may be relatively painless.
Treating burns and scalds
To treat a burn, follow the first aid advice below:
immediately get the person away from the heat source to stop the burning
cool the burn with cool or lukewarm running water for 20 minutes – don't use ice, iced water, or any creams or greasy substances such as butter
remove any clothing or jewellery that's near the burnt area of skin, including babies' nappies - but don't move anything that's stuck to the skin
make sure the person keeps warm – by using a blanket, for example, but take care not to rub it against the burnt area
cover the burn by placing a layer of cling film over it – a clean plastic bag could also be used for burns on your hand
use painkillers such as paracetamol or ibuprofen to treat any pain
if the face or eyes are burnt, sit up as much as possible, rather than lying down - this helps to reduce swelling
The British Red Cross website has a video about first aid for burns.
Read more about treating burns and scalds.
When to get medical attention
Depending on how serious a burn is, it may be possible to treat it at home. For minor burns, keep the burn clean and don't burst any blisters that form.
More serious burns require professional medical attention. You should go to a hospital A&E department for:
all chemical and electrical burns
large or deep burns – any burn bigger than your hand
burns that cause white or charred skin – any size
burns on the face, hands, arms, feet, legs or genitals that cause blisters
If someone has breathed in smoke or fumes, they should also seek medical attention. Some symptoms may be delayed and can include:
a sore throat
People at greater risk from the effects of burns, such as children under five years old and pregnant women, should also get medical attention after a burn or scald.
The size and depth of the burn will be assessed and the affected area cleaned before a dressing is applied. In severe cases, skin graft surgery may be recommended.
Read more about:
recovering from burns and scalds
complications of burns and scalds
Types of burn
Burns are assessed by how seriously your skin is damaged and which layers of skin are affected. Your skin has three layers:
the epidermis – the outer layer of skin
the dermis – the layer of tissue just beneath, which contains blood capillaries, nerve endings, sweat glands and hair follicles
the subcutaneous fat, or subcutis – the deeper layer of fat and tissue
There are four main types of burn, which tend to have a different appearance and different symptoms:
superficial epidermal burn – where the epidermis is damaged; your skin will be red, slightly swollen and painful, but not blistered
superficial dermal burn – where the epidermis and part of the dermis are damaged; your skin will be pale pink and painful, and there may be small blisters
deep dermal or partial thickness burn – where the epidermis and the dermis are damaged: this type of burn makes your skin turn red and blotchy; your skin may be dry or moist, and become swollen and blistered, and it may be very painful or painless
full thickness burn – where all three layers of skin (the epidermis, dermis and subcutis) are damaged; the skin is often burnt away and the tissue underneath may appear pale or blackened, while the remaining skin will be dry and white, brown or black with no blisters, and the texture of the skin may also be leathery or waxy
Preventing burns and scalds
Many severe burns and scalds affect babies and young children. Examples of things you can do to help reduce the likelihood of your child having a serious accident at home include:
keeping your child out of the kitchen whenever possible
testing the temperature of bath water using your elbow before you put your baby or toddler in the bath
keeping matches, lighters and lit candles out of young children's sight and reach
keeping hot drinks well away from young children
Read more about preventing burns and scalds.
Treating burns and scalds
Appropriate first aid must be used to treat any burns or scalds as soon as possible. This will limit the amount of damage to your skin.
You can apply the following first aid techniques to yourself or another person who has been burnt.
First aid for burns
Stop the burning process as soon as possible. This may mean removing the person from the area, dousing flames with water, or smothering flames with a blanket. Don't put yourself at risk of getting burnt as well.
Remove any clothing or jewellery near the burnt area of skin, including babies' nappies. However, don't try to remove anything that's stuck to the burnt skin as this could cause more damage.
Cool the burn with cool or lukewarm running water for 20 minutes, as soon as possible after the injury. Never use ice, iced water, or any creams or greasy substances such as butter.
Keep yourself or the person warm. Use a blanket or layers of clothing, but avoid putting them on the injured area. Keeping warm will prevent hypothermia, where a person's body temperature drops below 35C (95F). This is a risk if you are cooling a large burnt area, particularly in young children and elderly people.
Cover the burn with cling film. Put the cling film in a layer over the burn, rather than wrapping it around a limb. A clean clear plastic bag can be used for burns on your hand.
Treat the pain from a burn with paracetamol or ibuprofen. Always check the manufacturer's instructions when using over-the-counter medication. Children under 16 years of age should not be given aspirin.
Sit upright as much as possible if the face or eyes are burnt. Avoid lying down for as long as possible as this will help to reduce swelling.
When to go to hospital
Once you have taken these steps, you'll need to decide whether further medical treatment is necessary. Go to a hospital accident and emergency (A&E) department for:
large or deep burns – bigger than the affected person's hand
burns of any size that cause white or charred skin
burns on the face, hands, arms, feet, legs or genitals that cause blisters
all chemical and electrical burns
Also get medical help straight away if the person with the burn:
has other injuries that need treating
is going into shock – signs include cold, clammy skin, sweating, rapid, shallow breathing, and weakness or dizziness
is over the age of 60
is under the age of five
has a medical condition such as heart, lung or liver disease, or diabetes
has a weakened immune system (the body's defence system) – for example, because of HIV or AIDS, or because they're having chemotherapy for cancer
If someone has breathed in smoke or fumes, they should also seek medical attention. Some symptoms may be delayed, and can include:
a sore throat
singed nasal hair
See recovering from burns and scalds for information on how serious burns are treated.
Electrical burns may not look serious, but they can be very damaging. Someone who has an electrical burn should seek immediate medical attention at an A&E department.
If the person has been injured by a low-voltage source (up to 220-240 volts) such as a domestic electricity supply, safely switch off the power supply or remove the person from the electrical source using a material that doesn't conduct electricity, such as a wooden stick or a wooden chair.
Don't approach a person who is connected to a high-voltage source (1,000 volts or more).
Chemical burns can be very damaging and require immediate medical attention at an A&E department. If possible, find out what chemical caused the burn and tell the healthcare professionals at A&E.
If you're helping someone else, put on appropriate protective clothing and then:
remove any contaminated clothing on the person
if the chemical is dry, brush it off their skin
use running water to remove any traces of the chemical from the burnt area
In cases of sunburn, follow the advice below:
If you notice any signs of sunburn, such as hot, red and painful skin, move into the shade or preferably inside.
Take a cool bath or shower to cool down the burnt area of skin.
Apply aftersun lotion to the affected area to moisturise, cool and soothe it. Don't use greasy or oily products.
If you have any pain, paracetamol or ibuprofen should help relieve it. Always read the manufacturer's instructions and do not give aspirin to children under the age of 16.
Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water.
Watch out for signs of heat exhaustion or heatstroke, where the temperature inside your body rises to 37-40C (98. 6-104F) or above. Symptoms include dizziness, a rapid pulse or vomiting.
If a person with heat exhaustion is taken to a cool place quickly, given water to drink and has their clothing loosened, they should start to feel better within half an hour.
If they don't, they could develop heatstroke. This is a medical emergency and you'll need to call 999 for an ambulance.
Recovering from burns and scalds
How long it takes to recover from a burn or scald depends on how serious it is and how it's treated. If the wound becomes infected, seek further medical attention.
Burns that don't need medical attention
If your burn or scald is mild and treated at home, it normally heals without the need for further treatment. Read more about first aid for burns and scalds.
While the skin heals, keep the area clean and don't apply any creams or greasy substances. Don't burst any blisters as this can lead to infection.
If you've scalded the inside of your mouth by drinking something hot, try to avoid things that can irritate the scalded area, such as hot and spicy food, alcohol and smoking, until the area heals.
Mild burns or scalds that only affect the uppermost layer of skin (superficial epidermal burns) usually heal in about a week without any scarring.
Burns that need medical attention
If you have a burn or scald that requires medical treatment, it will be assessed to determine the level of care required.
The healthcare professional treating you will:
assess the size and depth of the burn by examining the area
clean the burn, being careful not to burst any blisters
cover the burn with a sterile dressing – usually a pad and a gauze bandage to hold it in place
offer you pain relief if necessary – usually paracetamol or ibuprofen
Depending on how the burn happened, you may be advised to have an injection to prevent tetanus, a condition caused by bacteria entering a wound. For example, a tetanus injection may be recommended if there's a chance soil got into the wound.
Your dressing will be checked after 24 hours to make sure there are no signs of infection. It will be changed after 48 hours, and then every three to five days until it's completely healed.
Minor burns affecting the outer layer of skin and some of the underlying layer of tissue (superficial dermal burns) normally heal in around 14 days, leaving minimal scarring.
If the burn is severe, you may be referred to a specialist. In some cases, it may be necessary to have surgery to remove the burnt area of skin and replace it with a skin graft taken from another part of your body.
More severe and deeper burns can take months or even years to fully heal, and usually leave some visible scarring.
Expert opinion is divided over the management of blisters that are caused by burns. However, it's recommended that you shouldn't burst any blisters yourself.
If your burn has caused a blister, you should seek medical attention. The blister will probably remain intact, although some burns units at hospitals follow a policy of deroofing blisters. Deroofing means removing the top layer of skin from the blister.
In some cases, a needle may be used to make a small hole in the blister to drain the fluid out. This is known as aspiration and may be carried out on large blisters or blisters that are likely to burst.
Your healthcare professional will advise you about the best way to care for your blister and what type of dressing you should use.
Exposure to the sun
During the first few years after a burn, you should try to avoid exposing the damaged skin to direct sunlight as this may cause it to blister. It's especially sensitive during the first year after the injury. This also applies to a new area of skin after a skin graft.
It's important to keep the area covered with cotton clothing. If the burn or scald is on your face, wear a peaked cap or wide-brimmed hat when you're out in the sun. Total sun block – for example, one with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 50 – should be used on all affected areas.
The area can be exposed to sunshine again around three years after the injury, but it's still very important to apply a high-factor sun cream (SPF 25 or above) and stay out of the midday sun.
Further information and support
You can find support and information from organisations like:
Changing Faces – a charity for people who have a visible difference or facial disfigurement, who can be contacted on 0300 012 0275 for counselling and advice
Complications of burns and scalds
Burns and scalds can sometimes lead to further problems, including shock, heat exhaustion, infection and scarring.
After a serious injury, it's possible to go into shock. Shock is a life-threatening condition that occurs when there's an insufficient supply of oxygen to the body. It's possible to go into shock after a serious burn.
Signs and symptoms of shock include:
a pale face
cold or clammy skin
a rapid pulse
fast, shallow breathing
Dial 999 and ask for an ambulance if you think that someone who has been seriously injured is going into shock.
While you wait for the ambulance:
lay the person down (if their injuries allow it) and raise and support their legs
use a coat or blanket to keep them warm, but don't cover their face or the burnt area
don't give them anything to eat or drink
Heat exhaustion and heatstroke
Heat exhaustion and heatstroke are two heat-related health conditions that happen when the temperature inside your body rises to 37-40C (98.6-104F) or above.
Both heat exhaustion and heatstroke can be very serious. They're often caused by being exposed to too much sunlight or heat.
Symptoms of heat exhaustion and heatstroke include:
extreme tiredness and lack of energy
dizziness or fainting
feeling sick or vomiting
If a person with heat exhaustion is taken quickly to a cool place, given water to drink and has their clothing loosened, they should start to feel better within half an hour. If they don't, they could develop heatstroke. This is a medical emergency and you'll need to call 999 for an ambulance.
Wounds can become infected if bacteria get into them. If your burn or scald has a blister that has burst, it may become infected if it's not kept clean. Seek medical attention for any burn that causes a blister.
Your wound may be infected if:
it's uncomfortable, painful or smelly
you have a high temperature of 38C (100.4F) or higher
you have signs of cellulitis, a bacterial infection that causes redness and swelling of the skin
Seek immediate medical attention if you think your burn has become infected. An infection can usually be treated with antibiotics and painkilling medication, if necessary.
In rare cases, an infected burn can cause blood poisoning (sepsis) or toxic shock syndrome. These serious conditions can be fatal if not treated.
Signs of sepsis and toxic shock syndrome include:
a high temperature
A scar is a patch or line of tissue that remains after a wound has healed. Most minor burns only leave minimal scarring. You can try to reduce the risk of scarring after the wound has healed by:
applying an emollient, such as aqueous cream or emulsifying ointment, two or three times a day
using sunscreen with a high sun protection factor (SPF) to protect the healing area from the sun when you are outside
Preventing burns and scalds
Many severe burns and scalds affect babies and young children. The following advice can help reduce the likelihood of your child having a serious accident.
In the kitchen
it's best to keep your toddler out of the kitchen, well away from kettles, saucepans and hot oven doors – you could put a safety gate across the doorway to stop them getting in
use a kettle with a short or curly cord to stop it hanging over the edge of the work surface, where it could be grabbed
when cooking, use the rings at the back of the cooker and turn saucepan handles towards the back so your child can't grab them
In the bathroom
never leave a child under five alone in the bath, even for a moment
fit a thermostatic mixing valve to your bath's hot tap to control the temperature
put cold water into the bath first, then add the hot water – use your elbow to test the temperature of the water before you put your baby or toddler in the bath
Throughout the home
put your iron, hair straighteners or curling tongs out of reach while they cool down after you've finished using them
fit fireguards to all fires and heaters
keep matches, lighters and lit candles out of young children's sight and reach
keep hot drinks well away from young children – a hot drink can still scald 20 minutes after it was made
put hot drinks down before you hold your baby
after warming a bottle of milk, shake the bottle well and test the temperature of the milk by placing a few drops on the inside of your wrist before feeding – it should feel lukewarm, not hot
don't let your child drink a hot drink through a straw
encourage your child to play in the shade – under trees, for example – especially between 11am and 3pm, when the sun is at its strongest
keep babies under the age of six months out of direct sunlight, especially around midday
cover your child up in loose, baggy cotton clothes, such as an oversized T-shirt with sleeves
get your child to wear a floppy hat with a wide brim that shades their face and neck
cover exposed parts of your child's skin with sunscreen, even on cloudy or overcast days – use a sunscreen that has a sun protection factor (SPF) of 15 or above and is effective against UVA and UVB
reapply sunscreen often throughout the day – even water-resistant sunscreens should be reapplied after you come out of the water
Symptoms of burns and scalds
The symptoms of a burn or scald will vary depending on how serious it is. Some minor burns can be very painful, while some major burns may not hurt at all.
Symptoms of a burn may include:
white or charred skin
The amount of pain you feel is not always related to how serious the burn is.
Your skin is your body's largest organ. It has many functions, including acting as a barrier between you and the environment and regulating your temperature. Your skin is made up of three layers:
the epidermis (the outer layer of your skin) is 0.5-1.5mm thick – it has five layers of cells that work their way up to the surface of your skin, where dead cells are shed approximately every two weeks
the dermis (the underlying layer of fibrous tissue) is 0.3-3mm thick and is made up of a mix of three types of tissue – it contains your hair follicles and sweat glands, as well as small blood vessels and nerves
the subcutaneous fat, or subcutis (the final layer of fat and tissue) varies in thickness from person to person – it contains your larger blood vessels and nerves, and regulates the temperature of your skin and body
Types of burn
Burns are assessed by how seriously your skin is damaged. There are four main types of burn, which tend to have a different appearance and different symptoms:
superficial epidermal burns
superficial dermal burns
deep dermal or partial thickness burns
full thickness burns
However, in many cases different areas of a single burn will have features of more than one of these types.
Superficial epidermal burns
Superficial epidermal burns are where the epidermis is damaged. Your skin will be red, slightly swollen and painful, but not blistered.
Superficial dermal burns
Superficial dermal burns are where the epidermis and part of the dermis are damaged. Your skin will be pale pink and painful, and there may be small blisters.
Deep dermal or partial thickness burns
Deep dermal or partial thickness burns are where the epidermis and the dermis are damaged. This type of burn makes your skin turn red and blotchy. Your skin may also be dry or moist, become swollen and blistered, and it may be very painful or painless.
Full thickness burns
Full thickness burns are where all three layers of skin (the epidermis, dermis and subcutis) are damaged. In this type of burn, the skin is often burnt away and the tissue underneath may appear pale or blackened. The remaining skin will be dry and white, brown or black with no blisters. The texture of the skin may also be leathery or waxy.
Symptoms, treatments, and home remedies
A boiling water burn usually causes immediate pain. If the boiling water stays on the skin or covers a large area of the body, it can cause lasting damage.
A boiling water burn is sometimes called a scald. It can also result from contact with steam.
More than 1 million people seek emergency treatment for burns each year in the United States, and about 10,000 die from burn-related infections.
The right care for a boiling water burn can ease the pain and reduce the risk of serious complications. Learn more about the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for boiling water burns in this article.
Share on PinterestRunning skin under cold water for at least 10 minutes can help treat burns.
Immediate first aid can reduce the risk of serious complications.
After sustaining a boiling water burn:
Stop contact with the source of the burn as quickly as possible. If the hot water is on clothing, remove the clothing, unless it is stuck to the skin.
Cool the skin by running it under cold water for at least 10 minutes.
Do not put oils or any other products on the burn.
Seek emergency aid if the burn:
is very painful
covers a large area of the body
causes no pain, but the skin looks very damaged
In the emergency room, a doctor will assess the burn and determine whether it needs treatment. A person may need antibiotics or intravenous — IV — fluids. Skin grafts can repair the damaged area after a severe burn.
Seek medical attention for burns on the face. Also, see a doctor for a minor burn if a fever, red streaks, draining pus, or other signs of infection occur.
It is safe to treat some minor burns at home. The following home treatment tips can support healing:
Keep the burn moisturized. Water-based lotions or aloe vera work well. Avoid other home remedies, such as toothpaste, cooking oil, or butter.
Keep the wound clean. Gently wash the burn daily with mild soap and cool water.
Do not pick at the burn or pop blisters. This can damage the skin and lead to infection.
Take over-the-counter pain relievers. Some examples include ibuprofen and acetaminophen.
Cover the burn with a sterile bandage that does not stick to the injured skin.
Share on PinterestAccidents involving boiling water commonly cause burns while cooking.
Accidents involving boiling water occur frequently. Some common causes of boiling water burns include:
spilling boiling water while pouring coffee or tea
forgetting that a kettle or pot contains boiling water
playing near stoves or hot water
Sometimes boiling water burns are deliberate, such as during an assault involving pouring or throwing the water. Deliberate burns are especially dangerous because they may cover more of the body than burns from accidental spills.
Boiling water typically causes more severe burns than water that is just hot.
Beyond the water’s temperature, several factors can help indicate the severity of a burn, including:
how long the boiling water has touched the skin
how much of the skin has been exposed to the water
how quickly the person can cool their skin after the burn
For many people, the first symptom of a boiling water burn is sudden, sharp pain. However, third-degree burns, or full-thickness burns, damage the nerves under the skin and might not hurt at all.
A first-degree burn, or a superficial burn, is relatively minor. It only damages part of the first layer of skin, called the epidermis.
A superficial burn happens when boiled water lightly splashes on a person, such as while they are cooking, or when boiling water touches the skin very briefly.
Symptoms of a first-degree burn include:
immediate pain that may last for several hours
pink or red skin
peeling as the burn heals
A second-degree burn damages the epidermis and the top of the second layer of skin, called the dermis. Another name for this injury is a partial-thickness burn. These burns are more serious.
They may happen when boiling water remains on the skin for a longer period.
Some symptoms of a second-degree burn include:
pain that lasts for days or weeks
wet, watery-looking skin
red, pink, or white skin under blisters
These burns typically take 2–3 weeks to heal. Sometimes a person needs a skin graft to treat them. Second-degree burns often leave a scar, which may fade over several years.
A third-degree burn, or full-thickness burn, is the most serious type. It penetrates all layers of the skin.
It can cause serious infections and may even be fatal if a person does not receive treatment. Immersion in boiling water for a prolonged period can cause a third-degree burn.
Some symptoms include:
no pain, or pain that quickly goes away
signs of illness, such as fever and weakness
very damaged-looking skin
white, pink, or red skin
grey or black areas of skin
Third-degree burns may require hospitalization. A person may need skin grafting, surgery, antibiotics, or a combination.
First-degree burns typically heal with the right home treatment.
Second-degree burns that cover large areas of the body and third-degree burns usually require professional evaluation and treatment. It can take weeks or months to recover.
Some potential complications of severe burns include:
fluid loss, when a large area of the body is involved, and this can be fatal
infections that can eventually travel to the bloodstream and become severe and possibly fatal
If a person appears very ill after a burn or the burn covers a large area of the body, seek immediate medical care — even if the wound does not look serious or the person is not in pain.
Always see a doctor for burns in babies and children.
Share on PinterestTo help prevent scalding during showers and baths, a person can try turning down the temperature of water heaters.
To reduce the risk of boiling water burns:
Boil water and other liquids toward the back of the stove, where they are less likely to splash or spill, and where pots and pans are less likely to be knocked over.
Set down hot drinks at the far end of a counter or table to reduce the risk of spilling.
Turn down water heaters to reduce the risk of scalding during showers and baths.
Teach children never to toss hot water, even as a joke.
Assume that pots, kettles, and other kitchenware are hot after being on the stove, even if the stove is now off. Boiling water can take a long time to cool, as can the stove, even when its light is off.
Cover boiling water to prevent splashes.
Boiling water burns are common accidents. Even minor scalds can be painful for several hours or even days.
Running burned skin under cold water as soon as possible and for at least 10 minutes is the best way to cool the skin and ease pain.
Prompt treatment reduces the risk of serious complications and, in the case of severe burns, may even save a person’s life.
first aid and home treatment, what to do, how to smear
Steps in treating burns with boiling water
What not to do with burns with boiling water
Lotions and compresses
When is the help of a doctor required?
A burn is an acute injury to the skin and tissues underneath. Injury occurs from radiation, electric shock, chemical means, after temperature exposure. At home, burns with boiling water most often occur. If this happens, you need to act immediately, since the depth and area of \u200b\u200bthe lesion, as well as the recovery time, depend on this.
With minor damage, first aid for burns with boiling water can be provided at home, but if a 3-4 degree burn is received, you need to urgently call a doctor. It is forbidden to open blisters, as this is a high risk of infection. You can not smear the burn with sunflower oil, sprinkle with starch, treat with iodine and other liquids in alcohol. All of these mistakes will only increase the pain and adversely affect wound healing. If the damage is very deep, there is dirt and fragments of clothing in the wound, it should not be touched until the arrival of the medical team.
The doctor selects the method of treating burns depending on the degree of damage to the skin.
Burns with boiling water of the first degree are characterized by damage only to the upper layers of the skin, accompanied by redness and slight swelling.
The second degree is accompanied by the appearance of blisters filled with a cloudy liquid. The patient may experience severe pain. With proper first aid, scars and other skin changes, as a rule, do not remain.
With third-degree burns, not only the skin is affected, but also the muscle tissue. The blisters fill with blood, the person experiences severe pain, shock may develop. Third-degree burns should be treated by a doctor as soon as possible. Treatment takes place in a hospital.
Fourth degree burns with boiling water are rare. This is a deep lesion of the skin and muscle tissue up to the bones with charring of the latter. The condition is very serious and requires immediate hospitalization.
Timely and qualified medical care will help to significantly improve the patient's condition, reduce or prevent the risk of infection, and also significantly accelerate tissue repair.
First aid for burns
In the first minutes after the injury, the victim panics, is at a loss and in a state of shock. Both he and those around him need to remember the basic rules of action for a burn with boiling water - first aid is provided in the following sequence:
Remove wet clothes, the most dangerous fabric is synthetics. Do not be afraid to tear the fabric, you need to get rid of it in the very first seconds - tear, cut with scissors, trying not to touch the swollen bubbles.
Place affected area under moderate pressure of cold tap water. You can fill a container of a suitable size if you need to cool the hand or foot. Water will reduce pain, reduce swelling, and cool the tissues closest to the injured area.
After 15 minutes, blot the damaged area with a lint-free cloth, apply a sterile dressing. The latter should not rub and press, especially in the presence of blisters.
Proper first aid for burns with boiling water
In order to properly provide first aid for burns with boiling water, you need to try to determine the degree of damage, since further actions depend on this. You can determine one of the degrees of burns by characteristic features:
Slight redness, without blisters, causing slight discomfort.
There are blisters with yellow fluid, severe pain.
In addition to a large number of blisters, the skin begins to peel off. The pain syndrome is significant, damaged skin looks like a red wound, and dead tissue looks like gray or dark scabs.
More than 50% of the body affected. This is the most severe case in which the victim experiences pain shock. In areas of deep burns, scars and ulcers form. The recovery will be long, there will be defects on the skin.
From boiling water, there are usually no burns of the 4th degree, more often injuries are limited to 1-2 degrees, rarely - the third.
What exactly should not be done?
If you are going to provide first aid at home for a burn with boiling water, you need to remember once and for all what you should never do. Improper wound treatment causes the opposite effect, worsens the condition, leads to complications. In the home first-aid kit, everyone should have first aid for burns with boiling water, and it’s good if they don’t come in handy, otherwise you can immediately react. Forbidden:
lubricate burned skin with ointment, oil and fat. This leads to tissue infection;
treat the burn with iodine, alcohol, potassium permanganate. Means on alcohol only increase the pain, but do not help;
apply ice. In addition to frostbite of tissues, there will be no effect;
You need to call a doctor immediately if the size of the burn is larger than the palm of an adult, if after 2 days signs of tissue infection appear, as well as with 3-4 degrees of burns.
Adequate medical care
After immersion in cold water for 15 minutes, the risk of spreading the lesion to adjacent tissues is reduced. A person who provides first aid for a burn with boiling water should treat his hands with an antibacterial composition. Next, you need to apply an antiseptic bandage to the wound of the victim. Special impregnation will prevent infection and speed up the healing process. There are dressings with a large-celled structure and special impregnation, they are left on the skin for up to 3 days, which eliminates frequent dressings.
It does not hurt to apply a patch over an antiseptic dressing to improve fixation and further protect the damaged area from accidental bruises. Instead of an antiseptic, you can use an ointment bandage from burns, which will reduce the risk of inflammation and provide an optimal environment for tissue healing. Thanks to special remedies for burns with boiling water, you can provide timely first aid at home.
Burns with boiling water are among the most common types of domestic injuries, so you need to know how to properly provide first aid to the victim. Using homemade home remedies is unacceptable - it can only aggravate the situation. With a strong pain syndrome, you can give the victim an anesthetic tablet, after consulting with your doctor.
Lotions and compresses
For first aid for minor burns with boiling water, immediately place the affected area under a stream of cold water for 10 minutes. Before applying a bandage to the injury site, thoroughly disinfect your hands. For this, the antiseptic agent "Sterillum" is suitable.
If we are talking about burns of the first and second degree, you can cover the site of the lesion with a wound healing bandage with Peruvian balsam "Branolind-N". It has a large-cell structure, which allows it to absorb the discharge from the wound well, and the balm accelerates healing. The bandage can be on the wound for up to three days, so that the dressings will not cause much concern to the victim.
For reliable and careful fixation of the dressing on the wound, use a sterile plaster with a soft absorbent pad "Cosmopor E". A vapor-permeable fixing bandage is attached to the body with hypoallergenic glue.
Remember that treatment with folk remedies will not bring the desired result! In this way, at best, you can delay the healing process, and at worst, cause secondary infection.
When medical attention is needed
You should consult a doctor in the following cases:
third or fourth degree burn of any size;
first or second degree burns if the affected area is large;
a child or an elderly person was injured.
In all these cases, it is recommended to seek qualified medical help as soon as possible.
Helpful tips from the experts
Below are the recommendations of traumatologists on how to properly provide first aid for burns with boiling water. We advise you to save the step-by-step instructions so that in an emergency you do not get confused, but immediately take all the necessary measures:
Cooling. Cell destruction continues for some time after exposure to boiling water, so the burn is immediately placed under cold water. Such a simple method will reduce the depth of the lesion by an entire degree (a 2nd degree burn can go to 1, etc.).
Pain relief. An analgesic is taken orally or an injection is given. No anesthetic can be applied to the wound.
Antiseptic treatment. A cream or ointment with antiseptic properties should be in your first aid kit. From above, the ointment is covered with a sterile bandage. Alcohol-containing liquids are strictly prohibited - because of them, partially affected tissue cells will die.
Please note that folk methods of treating burns with boiling water not only do not work, but also carry potential harm. This applies to applying toothpaste, lubricating the wound with a raw egg, goose fat and other improvised means. Modern science and pharmacology offer effective treatments. And if there was a burn with boiling water, first aid at home is provided only with the help of sprays, ointments and dressings specially designed for this.
To understand the essence of the action of the drugs and observe the precautions for the treatment of wounds, it is important to understand a little about human physiology. Conditionally pathogenic microorganisms constantly live on the skin. With a decrease in immunity, the infection receives a “green light”. Due to a burn, the skin loses local immunity, and opportunistic microbes become pathogenic. This is fraught with infection of the wound, suppuration and related complications.
A burn is a primary infected wound that requires competent care - antiseptic treatment and a sterile dressing. Small bubbles do not need to be pierced - they contain a sterile liquid, thanks to which the infection does not penetrate into the wound. The first three days it is desirable to keep the bubbles intact. If the blisters are large, the doctor will release their contents due to the risk of suppuration. After opening the bladder under sterile conditions, its walls fall off and adhere to the skin, like a natural dressing. Further rules for the care of damaged skin will be announced by a specialist.
Burns, what to do and how to treat
Burns and chemical burns are among the most common injuries that damage the skin. That is why it is important to know how to properly provide first aid and what medicines every home should have.
Degrees and treatment of burns
Depending on the degree, depth and size of the burn, the healing characteristics and further regeneration of the skin will differ.
There are four degrees of burns.
First degree burns Damage to the outer layer of the skin. As a result, the skin may become slightly red, swollen, and painful. Burning symptoms usually disappear after 2-3 days.
Second degree burns The upper horny layer of the skin is affected, sometimes the next layer is destroyed. It often blisters, it is red and painful. If you choose the right treatment and use the right treatment, the burn will not leave any scars after 10-12 days.
Third degree burns One of the most serious skin lesions. It spreads deep into the skin and invades the upper subcutaneous tissue. Blisters and scabs form. Wounds take a long time to heal.
4th degree burn The skin is charred, the subcutaneous bone is damaged. All layers of the skin and underlying tissues die off. In this case, immediate hospitalization is required.
It is important to understand the cause of the injury so that the necessary assistance can be provided properly and the victim is not injured. If you know the type of burn, there will be no difficulties.
Burns are caused by skin contact with boiling water, fire or hot objects.
Chemical burns are caused by chemical or alkaline agents.
Radiation burns are caused by ultraviolet radiation.
Radiation or electrical burns are caused by contact with a voltaic arc, which is an electric current.
Timely first aid is important for the speedy healing of a first degree burn. For this reason, it is necessary to eliminate the cause of the burn as soon as possible. Cool the affected area with ice or cold water.
It is not recommended to immediately apply burn cream or ointment to the wound. First, intact skin near the burn should be washed with ether and wiped with alcohol. Sodium chloride can be used to remove dead tissue from wounds.
Anesthetics, anazine, ketanal, pentazine, and antihistamines such as claritin, tavesil, and suprastin should be given to victims with severe burns before the arrival of an ambulance. Dexpansenol is effective for burns.
If there is no vomiting, drink mineral water or liquids with salt or soda at the rate of 0.5 teaspoon per liter of water.
If you get a severe burn, do not treat it yourself, but seek medical attention immediately.
After a burn, the skin may blister with a colorless liquid. Proper treatment can prevent inflammatory and purulent reactions. A new layer of skin is located under the neoplasm, and after 8-10 days the damaged area dries up and disappears.
Pink patches of new skin appear instead of blisters. Since the skin in the regenerate area is usually very sensitive, it is recommended to treat it with special creams and ointments that promote effective and safe recovery.
If first aid is not done in a timely manner, you may be disappointed. In the burnt area, an infection occurs, the educated life becomes inflamed and begins to swell. This phenomenon usually has an increase in body temperature, poor physical condition, chills and weakness. Wounds can heal slowly, so recovery can take a long time. To avoid serious complications, it is urgent to contact a specialist, conduct an examination and prescribe appropriate treatment.
Treatment of post-burn scars and scars
Scars that appear in the burned area can sometimes be inflamed and scarring, which is severe.
Large wounds that remain after itching are treated with surgery. Can cut out the scars and layer with the beauty stitch to erase the scar. After removal, treat it with a medical preparation to quickly heal the scar.
Scars that cover a small area can be used by laser abrasions and can also use fruit acid. To quickly restore, it is advisable to use a special ointment or gel.
Various types of burns are currently available, such as gel, ointment, spray, cream and bandage.
For example, Revomole works well when taking burns. This drug has a bactericidal effect, which makes the wound heal faster. In addition, its components are substances that help remove pain.
Povidon iodine ointment contains iodine. It breaks away from damaged parts and promotes early restoration of skin tissue. Getting rid of natural ingredients can restore the shortest and healthiest appearance to damaged skin.
In the treatment of burns, creams used to repair damaged tissue have been actively established. It can be used for the purpose of scar prevention and scar formation. Pantill Cream works well for heat and sunburn.
All materials listed on this site are for educational purposes only and are not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. The site operators, authors or articles are not responsible for any results or losses arising from the use of material from this site.
What kind of injury, like a burn, is familiar to everyone. Whether first aid treatment is performed in a timely manner is determined by the condition of the person. In order to quickly and properly navigate the victims, it is important to know what kind of burns exist and how the method of care differs depending on the degree of wounds. In particular, be careful with prohibited activities and take priority action.
Burn: concept, degrees and types
This is a type of physical injury. This is caused by exposure to high temperature, specific chemicals, ultraviolet rays, ionizing radiation and current. During the acquisition process, severe pain is accompanied by intense pain, and the skin, mucous membranes, and cone of the eyeball are prominent.
Severity is determined by the size of the burn surface and the depth of tissue damage. The more you have, the worse the wound.
Damage varies with depth.
Firstly, only the upper part of the epidermis is damaged and reddish.
In the second degree, this feature is that blisters appear, filled with yellow liquids.
In the third degree the skin is deeply invaded and the process of death and cabis begins.
In the fourth degree, skin necrosis occurs, anthrax, bones and muscles can be captured.
Depending on the type of injury, maybe.
Heat. The reason is the effects of liquid boiling, steam, hot objects and direct fire.
Occurs under the influence of electric current. It usually has small scratches. It is characterized by deep depth and electrical trauma to the internal organs.
This is a chemical. This happens under the influence of alkaline or dangerous oxidation, salts of heavy metals. Not only the skin, but also the pharyngeal and esophageal esophagus can be invaded.
This is radiation. It is rarely seen as a result of an atomic bomb explosion and the result of a radioactivity leak. This category also contains damage to the skin from exposure to sunlight.
First aid instructions for burns
In most cases, everyday life, hazardous work sites and similar injuries in nature. To protect the victim's life, it is important to know the first aid procedure for each type of burn.
Put cold water on the wound for 7-15 minutes (once or twice in case of an external mark). Ice or snow in a clean cloth is suitable for cooling.
In a 3-4 degree burn, first apply dampened plaster to the burned part and cool it in a container of water. It is impossible to apply running water to the wound.
Remove the burnt part from clothing and accessories. If the fabric is attached, carefully cut out the extra pieces so they don't touch the scratch itself.
Cover the wound 3-4 degrees with a clean and damp cloth.
Prepare 0.5 liters of water, 1/4 teaspoon of baking soda and 1/2 teaspoon of salt, and let the victim drink.
In case of chemical burns
Remove the affected body part from clothing and accessories.
Immediately rinse the damaged part with cold water for about 30 minutes. If treatment is not possible, extend the cleaning time to 45 minutes.
Attention! If you are burned with an organic aluminum compound, it will not be washed away and will ignite.
Do not wipe the burnt skin with towels or paper, so as not to worsen.
In case of burns and due to acid action, wash the wound with a weak solution of baking soda (1 teaspoon for 500 ml of water) or treat it with a contact type soap.
If the cause of the wound is exposed to alkali, apply a solution of acetic acid and citric acid without reservation.
Cover with a damp cloth and cold water for about 15 minutes.
Gently cover the wound with a sterilized dressing.
If damage is severe and painful, give pain relievers and a warm drink such as alkaline mineral water. Palatamol, acetylsalicylic acid, ibuplofen, and pain-based NSAIDs.
In the event of a 3 to 4 degree burn, a rescue team is required. In addition, if elderly or young children are burned, a wider range of skin, groin organs, respiratory system, eyes and mouths may be affected, and the victim may have heart disease and diabetes.。
During electrical shock burning
Turn off the power to stop the current from affecting people. Alternatively, press it with a stick or branch to keep it from getting energized.
Place the victim on his back, put the cylinder from the bottom of the legs towards the back so that your head is lower than your body.
To prevent contagious diseases, press the local wound with a clean cloth.
Check breathing and pulse. If you are out, continue with CPR and chest compressions.
Please call an ambulance. Judgment on damage caused by electrical damage, diagnosis of internal organs, and removal of mortal tissue cannot be made unless you are an expert.
In a sunburn, it is important to cool the damaged skin, moisturize and remove the pain. Take a bath several times a day with cold water, add plenty of water, and use an external wound healing agent.
One or two burns can be treated alone. In this case, the main pharmacy products with rejuvenation and antibacterial effects include penthenol spray, desisanusenol cream, rescue ointment, stripwood, etc. Miramistin, which prevents infectious diseases, has proven the effect of suppressing pain and itching.
3-4 degrees of treatment - the ability of medical professionals, hospitalization and complex treatment are essential, and surgery is also possible.
Do's and don'ts when receiving a burn
It is important to know what to do while helping so that the victims are not injured.
Do not move people or move to other places. In addition to burns, fractures and internal organs can be damaged, so do not attempt to move people.
Do not handle the baked area roughly.
Do not wash the wound without relieving pain.
Do not apply ointments, egg white, sunflower on the wound. Such products form a membrane that impairs the movement of heat, and as a result, burns begin to spread to the lower layer of the skin.
If you don't know how to install plaster, don't do it.
Do not stab with a needle so that blisters that appear to be infected are not.
Do not use the hemostatic area except in an emergency.
Do not use tools, jewelry, rolls, etc. from the skin condition.
An important thing in the treatment of burns is proper first aid. By taking steps to alleviate the condition of the victim in a timely manner, it can prevent wounded infections and serious scars. In difficult situations, involuntary hospitalization and medical supervision are required.
All materials listed on this site are for educational purposes only and are not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. The site operators, authors or articles are not responsible for any results or losses arising from the use of material from this site.
In Russia, about 300,000 cases of burns are registered per year. Hospital treatment is required for 100,000 burned patients a year, but 60-80% are epidermal wounds.
Burns are skin injuries caused by various physical factors (thermal, electrical, chemical).
How damage is formed
In case of burns, various damaging substances affect the skin and, to a lesser extent, mucous membranes, muscles, tendons, and bones. Depending on the degree of damage, local changes occur at the site of irradiation, characterized by pain, redness, fever, dysfunction of the affected area.
In order to determine what treatment is needed, it is necessary to briefly explain how different injuries are.
Burn I. Redness, moderate pain and swelling of the surface layer of the epidermis.
Second degree burn. Redness, swelling, peeling of damaged layers, formation of blisters filled with yellow liquid. The affected areas heal in 11–15 days, and skin pigmentation may persist for 2.5–3 weeks.
A degree scar is considered superficial. Treatment can be done on an outpatient basis. It can be cured with conservative treatment.
Third degree burns involve the epidermis and dermis. A light stream is formed. At the bottom, the dermis darkens with protruding pink areas. Part of the node is covered with epithelium when it departs or changes. It recovers in 3-6 weeks. As a result, rough scars appear.
Grade IIIB: skin lesions, often muscle involvement. After 4-6 weeks, dead tissue is removed from the wound.
IV degree - the most severe with an unfavorable prognosis. Such injuries cause pain in the fascia, muscles, tendons, and bones. The scabs are thick and sometimes charred. May be accompanied by purulent complications in the form of arthritis, abscesses, sputum.
IIIB degree, IV courses — deep wounds requiring inpatient or surgical treatment, dermatoplasty solves the problem of skin repair. Professional help should be sought, and reasonable professional treatment is urgent.
Inpatient surgical treatment is required for grades IIIB and IV.
Deep burns are much worse, and if they cover more than 5-11% of the body or cover more than 20% of the total area of the burn, then you get burn disease. The disease is associated with damage to the skin and a profound violation of its functions (protection from infection, loss of pain and tactile sensitivity, maintaining water balance, thermoregulation). Severe cases require a systematic approach and multidisciplinary treatment of specialists aimed at saving the life of the victim, the state of rejuvenation. Note that in children under 1 year old, 3-5% of the burn area is sufficient for this complication.
First Aid for Thermal Wounds
First, don't enjoy panic when you get it. At home, to alleviate the condition of the affected area, immersion in cold water is sufficient until the pain disappears. Your home medical practice should have the following items in case of burns:
5% cream or aerosol. In addition, among the drugs that improve microcirculatory disorders and wound cooling, 5% water-soluble anilocaine ointment "Anikol" is used. The use of antioxidants, such as Soderm ointment, vitamin E, promotes faster healing of affected skin areas. to cover the wound. If there is also wound contamination at the time of the burn, use an antiseptic, such as 3%. The Grand Tetanus Shot is required if the wound touches the ground.
There are many new dressings that can be applied at home to speed healing. The big difference from conventional plasters is that they create a favorable microclimate for the wound. Also, if the affected area dries out completely, it will not heal faster.
Brano Lind N with Balsam of Peru
The plaster has a unique smell and is used for wounds of 1 and 2 degrees. It cannot be used for necrotic lesions. The bandage can be changed every two days. A contraindication is an allergic reaction to the patch (with redness and swelling).
Gel dressing for 1st and 2nd degree burns. The package contains a 15x15 cm bandage that can be adjusted according to the size of the wound. The dressing should cover the damaged area by 1-2 cm.
Silco Plast Comfort IT Burn
Used for wounds of the 1st and 2nd degree to relieve pain and accelerate healing.
Do's and Don'ts
Never apply oil to a wound. This increases the severity of the burn and increases the time it takes for the skin to heal. As with any alcohol solution, do not treat your skin with alcohol or other irritants. Also, do not use fluff as a bandage.
When a specialist is needed
As already mentioned, deep injuries require the help of experienced specialists. We cannot delay because the consequences can be serious: festering complications, additional antibiotics, more expensive treatment, longer treatment periods, longer absences from work.
Last update: 2021. 03.03
Sunburn occurs as a result of long-term exposure of the skin to ultraviolet rays. The amount of time it takes to get a tan, as well as the frequency of sun exposure, is directly related to your genetics, so it's hard to say. Fair-skinned people need more attention to the sun. Children are prone to sunburn.
Degree of skin damage from sun exposure
Most sunburns do not exceed grade 1 or 2. The first symptom is dry, tight skin that makes you want to keep moisturizing or applying moisturizer. The skin is very red and sore to the touch. Over time, it will begin to flake off. If you feel tightness or redness, stop swimming immediately.
Prolonged exposure to the sun and strong penetration of UV radiation under the skin can cause blistering. At the same time, the body temperature also rises.
Symptoms peak 12-24 hours after returning from the ocean. In a day, the degree of the burn will become clear. In the first few hours after returning home, it is necessary to take the necessary measures to help the burn, whether it is mild or severe.
Redness and blisters - not always sunburn
Similar symptoms may come from skin diseases and internal organs, not sunburn. When metabolic abnormalities of the skin occur, porphyllin, a powerful light agent, accumulates and the skin becomes sensitive to sunlight.
If you have any of the above symptoms or if you feel sick in a short sunbath, consult a general practitioner or dermatologist.
However, there are many things that are actually related to sunburn. And first aid is required.
Sunburn: first aid on the spot
If you lie in the sun for a long time, your body will not move and you will not feel bad, so it is difficult to notice the onset of symptoms. When you walk on the sand, you can immediately see the pain and dryness.
If you find symptoms, go to the room first. Instead of hiding under the sun (dry air accumulates under the sun anyway), look for a cool and pleasant building. It can be a bar or a shop, which is common on any beach.
If there is no building nearby, cover the UV rays with clothing that can make the most of them. Ideally, a dress without cotton or wet cold water.
First, take a cold shower. It relieves irritation, soothes the skin, reduces body temperature and stops the occurrence of burns. Think of a cold water shower as a shower using water at room temperature (about 20 degrees).
In addition, avoid strong injections, as weak damage can cause physical damage.
If the pain does not stop and a burning sensation is added, it is better to take the medicine. "Parasetomol, Eve Propen" helps relieve pain in the damaged part.
The next step moisturizes the skin. When exposed to ultraviolet rays, dehydration occurs, such as terrible drying and skin. To remove such symptoms, it is necessary to give the burnt part a water hammer. Moisturizing cream containing vitamin E, chamomile extract, aloe juice and pachilia. Leave water in the most needed place. If necessary, you can use these creams and compresses. The more times this, the better.
What should not be used for sunburn?
Lotion containing alcohol and other Sunburn products is prohibited. It stimulates the skin and draws out moisture. In addition, the use of fermented dairy products is not recommended.
Treatment of sunburn on the face
As for the face, the above burns are applicable, but all later methods of recovery are applicable. However, the scalp is delicate and sensitive compared to the back and shoulders. In this way, you can prevent the replacement of cleaning and wrinkles.
Adjust the temperature according to your skin type and use alcohol-free moisturizers.
If you want to soften it, we recommend using an itch cream or red Kri cream. For sensitive skin, it is made from a commercial extract, avocado oil and coating alcohol, which is a safe lotion ingredient.
Don't forget to apply sunscreen before going outside or after swimming. In addition, it is not recommended to have sunlight during the break from 11:00 to 16:00.
In clinical trials conducted by the Russian Association of Pediatrics, La Cree products demonstrate high efficacy, safety and relevance in everyday skin care for every care. Quality of life Treatment results in inflammatory activity, drying, itching and scaling.
La Creecream has already been proven for sensitive skin.
Reduces itching and inflammation.
It relieves skin irritation, inflammation and redness.
It hydrates and nourishes the skin.
This instrument is recommended by the Russian Association of Pediatrics.
N.M. Sharova, approaching and prevention of diaper dermatitis, Medical Council magazine, 2018
Prevention and treatment of diaper dermatitis in children, clinical lectures
Kamasheva G.R., Khakimova R.F. Valillina S.A., Proportion of severe infantile dermatitis, Society of Dermatology, 2010
Cove Yazina N. A., Fedoshimova N.A., Ilek Ya. Yu. Diagnosis of atopic dermatitis in children, Vyatka Medical Bulletin, 2007
Photo of Berns
Burn is that the surface of the skin is exposed to high temperature and the body tissue is damaged by heating.
Warm sea, golden sandy beaches and a trip to the resort can not be said without sunburn. How to deal with sunburn?
When you go to sea on holidays, you try to avoid everyday life and problems, forget about the danger that you expect too much.
Last updated: March 28, 2022
Contents of the article
Burns due to hot water and steam are one of the most injured in the home environment, not only for adults, but also for children. No one is safe, even if the contents of a kettle spill or a pipe burst. Therefore, it is very important to know how to deal with the bathroom.
Hot Water Burn First Aid
People who have been around hot water often panic and may not be able to give appropriate first aid or rely on dubious folk remedies. Therefore, I will present a list of "actions that should not be taken."
Do not use anti-inflation hot water analgesics on non-prickly skin.
Stimulants such as iodine, alcohol, bright green, vinegar, etc. may not be applied to the wound. Oil is not suitable for this purpose (marine department oil is only used when burns are then blown out with hot water).
Bubble pan-k chairs are strictly prohibited.
Clothing attached to the affected area does not break and is carefully cut off.
Flush water with water only. Citric acid is suitable for alkaline disorder, and alkaline solution is suitable for acid burns, but in case of burns, the use is strictly prohibited.
Bacteria and various food additives found in fermented dairy products can cause infection, so do not apply lubricating oil to the wound.
What should I do if I get burned with hot water?
So what should we do about hot water? Some measure is required.
First, the effect of the hot liquid on the skin must be stopped.
If possible, cool the wound if you cannot cool the water. However, ice and very cold liquids should not be used immediately, especially if burned and because of hot water in children. The child may also be shocked by a sudden drop in body temperature. Cool the burnt area for 10-15 minutes.
After cooling the skin, apply anti-inflammatory agents (panthenol, levomikol).
A second operator will apply a liquid antiseptic dressing to the affected area if it is not possible to fully undress. The face is not covered and smeared with oil jelly.
Painkillers are recommended especially for severe burns. Wrap the victim, warm with tea and drink plenty of alkaline drink. For example, severe head burns with hot water can be fatal, so in this case, you need to call a doctor.
Treatment of a burn with hot water
How to treat a burn with hot water depends on the degree of injury. Seek home care for minor burns, see a surgeon (internist) for moderate burns, and contact a burn center for very severe burns.
Hot water burn: causes
At home, it is treated in a closed way, for example, by applying a burn remedy.
For first degree burns, an anti-inflammatory dressing is sufficient for 4-5 days. During this time, the skin will recover.
The first stage of treatment of secondary burns is carried out by a doctor, and subsequent care is provided by the patient or his relatives.
Doctors clean the surface of the burn. This procedure has a number of threads.
Treat the area around the wound with an antiseptic.
Removes clothing, dirt and loose skin layers.
Air bubbles can be removed without removing the wound protection cap.
Apply a gauze dressing coated with an antiseptic ointment (eg, streptomycin or levosurofumatachina).
Change the bandage every 2-3 days until the wound heals.
Hot water burn: treatment
Patients with 3-4 degree burns are referred for inpatient treatment. Also, if you burn your foot with hot water, surgery may be performed to cover the burned area with skin and plastic on the skin.
Doctors have several priorities.
Helps to quickly get rid of the old stratum corneum.
What dry plaster can do.
Purification and prevention of inflammatory processes -.
A poisonous substance was found in the body of the victim.
Hot water burns can also cause burn disease in patients. This complication occurs with prolonged exposure to boiling water.
This scar differentiates into four stages of development.
What to do if you are exposed to hot water?
I. Burn shock How to burn scale? Three days, three days, three days, three days.
II. Acute burning. Lasts about 2 weeks. During this time, blood circulation and kidney function normalize, and the absorption of toxins from the injured area begins. If the kidneys do not recover (with very severe burns), kidney failure develops.
III Separation toxicity: This phase occurs only in severe burns and accompanies the start of wound cleansing. Various organs (gastrointestinal tract, lungs, etc.) appear as a result of blockage of blood vessels due to disorders of the circulatory system.
IV. redirect. The last stage, continue until complete recovery.
La Cree products and their help in the treatment of burns
People who have been burned and have already completely healed should take steps to moisturize their skin so that scars and marks eventually disappear.
La Cri can be helpful at this stage. Soft cream gives the skin gently nourishes it and keeps the balance of the skin. It does not contain artificial colors, fragrances or parabens. Since all mediums are of low allergy, this can be used by children and those who are more sensitive to the skin.
The high performance, safety and resistance of La-Kri TM products have proven to be suitable for daily care of delicate skin. As a result of the treatment, the activity of the inflammatory process was observed, and drying, itching and reduced peeling were observed. It is also effective in treating light burns.
Burns are fairly easy to burn out, such as beating a mug of hot tea or falling asleep on a sandy beach. Please tell me about the answer when you get injured. When to do it yourself, and in what case should you call an ambulance?
First aid for 1st and 2nd degree burns
It is important to note that 3-4 degree burns should immediately stop the affected preparation and immediately call an ambulance. Then cool the injury, soothe, heat and anesthetize if you are conscious.
It is strictly forbidden to break clothing that is closely tied to the skin or attempt to treat severe burns at home. The "private" or "non-traditional" remedy method cannot be applied here and may lead to extremely unfortunate results.
Hot and Heat First Aid
Cool for 10-15 minutes with cold water or apply a wet cold compress.
Administer the victim's anesthesia as needed.
Treats burns with a solution of lidocine or novocaine.
Apply ointments or a hydrocoloid dressing such as Burrind N or hydroxy.
If site damage is 10% or more, or a person is 60 years of age or older, hospitalization is required.
No need to do what to do.
Brush with caramel kefu and sour cream.
Cover burns with a wet stamp, dressing, seat, etc.
Use fat, cosmetic oil and baby cream.
Reduces burns with iodine, green blue and potassium hypermanganate.
First aid for chemical burns.
Remove clothing that may be contaminated with chemicals that have caused burns.
Rinse the skin with running water and remove harmful substances a-at least 25 minutes (exception is the exception that contact with water is prohibited (eg aluminum)).
Flush affected area.
If acidic, use a 2-3% solution of baking soda (1 teaspoon for 2. 5 cups of water).
For alkaline lesions 1-2% citric acid, boric acid and acetic acid.
Take anesthetic if necessary.
Apply dry gauze or dressing.
It is not necessary to do what to do.
Be careful as washing with a swab or paper towel will penetrate the skin deeper.
Use fluff instead of a bandage.
When is hospitalization necessary?
The area of damage is 7% or more.
The substance has fallen into the eyes and esophagus.
The victim is shocked.
Severe pain that cannot be relieved with painkillers.
Emergency measures for burns and electricity.
Stop the victim from being exposed to electricity and - unplug the power cord, push him away from the place where the electricity passes.
Place the victim in a flat place and raise the victim's legs on the head.
Electric shock can cause shortness of breath and heart failure, so call an ambulance to prevent the situation from worsening.
Cover injured limbs with a sterilized dressing to prevent infection from the wound.
Excellent. Before helping, make sure there are no metal objects nearby. Do not touch with bare hands when loading. Avoid contact with water.
First aid for radiation burns.
Burn on paper tissue moistened with antiseptic solution.
Wash affected area with soapy water.
Apply baby cream.
Home burn care
In hospitals, patients with severe burns are treated professionally, but 1st and 2nd degree burns and minor injuries can be treated at home. How to treat burns at home?
Distillate for washing burn wounds - support, in 40 ml ampoule or 350 ml bottle. There are also antibacterial gels, Prontosan and Collagen Hydrogel Emaran.
Contains silver sourced from infectious diseases such as Askin Calgitrol AG and Attraumann AG. Askinsorb, Alginic acid, Aldipol-M Alginate dressing Sterile coating
All dressings listed help protect wounds and speed up healing.
Labyrinth Branolind n with balm Vantage Pervia
Branolind n — Treatment of burns, food and diabetic ulcers, bedsores, abscesses, stones, abrasions and other non-healing wounds.
Action for friends from Odnoklassniki, Vkontakte, Yandex.Zen, YouTube and Telegram. If you are a friend or a subscriber p.
This month residents of Savelovsky, Begovoy, Airport and Khoroshevsky districts “were given a 5% discount on all honey.
Good Morning, Channel 1 (September 2014)
Burns and frostbite are fairly common skin lesions. Unfortunately, burns are often treated incorrectly, such as applying oil to burns or applying ice to cryopreserved areas.
People with skin lesions should remember to give first aid as soon as possible. Not only your health is at stake, but your life as well. In the treatment of burns and frostbite, it is important not only to reduce pain, but also to prevent further destruction of damaged tissues.
first aid for burns
first aid for burns
Burns - damage to tissues caused by high temperatures. Treatment for burns depends on the size of the affected area and the type and extent of the burn.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 265,000 people die each year worldwide.
Classification of burns.
Depending on the method of injury, the types of burns are classified as follows:
Thermal (tissue damage caused by high temperatures), sunburn is the most common.
Electrical (caused by electric current or electric arc).
Chemical burns (skin burns caused by alkalis, acids, caustic soda).
In some cases, seemingly harmless weeds can infect the skin. Contact with hogweed juice on the skin and subsequent exposure to sunlight can cause severe burns with blistering. Week-old hogweed burns still require skin coverage in the sun.
burn the damaged area
The area of burns can be determined according to the “palm tree” rule (the surface area is about 1% of the total skin area).
It also seems that it can be measured by the "9" rule.
If the burn area covers more than 15% of the area, burn disease occurs.
first aid for burns
first aid for burns
severity of burns
Internationally, there are four classifications of severity of burns.
1st degree burn: superficial redness of the skin, accompanied by pain and swelling, subsides after 3-5 days, slight peeling of the skin.
2nd degree burns: pain, intense reddening of the skin, watery, live blisters. Fabric support available. Healing is slower than first-degree burns.
weight 3 degrees. All layers of the skin die off, a crust forms on the surface of the burn (a rough gray-brown film). Wounds become infected and combed, tissue rejection occurs, scars form after burns.
Fourth degree burns are the most severe, regardless of the location of the injury. Not only tendons and skin, but even bones suffer from high temperatures.
Burn injuries requiring hospitalization may be considered as deep or extensive tissue lesions.
It is very important to know the rules of first aid for burns, so as not to aggravate the condition of the victim and not complicate the work of the doctor.
In no case should you bury the skin with fat or fat, pierce blisters on it, try to remove melted clothes from a person. This leads to even more wound infection and tissue damage.
Only a doctor can choose the optimal treatment for burns, taking into account the severity of the lesion and the patient's condition.
first aid for burns
First aid for burns is to eliminate negative factors such as suppression of the source of electricity, washing off chemicals, sheltering the body from the sun.
Burn pain can be relieved with cold water or ice packs. The affected area should be covered with a dry, sterile dressing, such as a bandage or a clean cotton cloth.