Childhood rashes are common and aren't usually a cause for concern. Most rashes are harmless and disappear without the need for treatment.
However, see your GP if your child has a rash and seems unwell, or if you're worried. They'll be able to investigate the cause and recommend any necessary treatment.
This page may give you a better idea about what could be causing the rash, but don't use this to self-diagnose your child's condition – always see a GP for a proper diagnosis.
The most common causes of rashes in children are:
hand, foot and mouth disease
keratosis pilaris ("chicken skin")
slapped cheek syndrome
Although meningitis has become less common over recent years, it's important to be aware of the rash and the other signs and symptoms of meningitis.
Cellulitis is an infection of the deeper layers of skin and underlying tissue. The affected area will be red, painful, swollen and hot. It often affects the legs, but can occur anywhere on the body. Your child will probably also have a fever.
See your GP immediately if an area of your child's skin suddenly turns red, hot and tender. If you can't see your GP on the same day, go to a walk-in centre or minor injuries unit.
Cellulitis can usually be diagnosed by assessing the symptoms and examining the skin. It usually responds well to treatment with antibiotics.
Chickenpox is a viral illness that most children catch at some point. It most commonly affects children under 10 years of age.
A rash of itchy spots turns into fluid-filled blisters. They crust over to form scabs, which after a while drop off. Some children only have a few spots, whereas others have them over their entire body. The spots are most likely to appear on the face, ears and scalp, under the arms, on the chest and belly, and on the arms and legs.
There's no specific treatment for chickenpox, but you can take steps to relieve the symptoms. For example, paracetamol can help relieve fever (don't give aspirin to children under 16), and calamine lotion and cooling gels can be used to ease itching.
Read more about treating chickenpox.
Eczema is a long-term condition that causes the skin to become itchy, red, dry and cracked. The most common type is atopic eczema, which mainly affects children but can continue into adulthood.
Atopic eczema commonly develops behind the knees or on the elbows, neck, eyes and ears. It isn't a serious condition, but if your child later becomes infected with the herpes simplex virus, it can cause the eczema to flare up into an outbreak of tiny blisters called eczema herpeticum, and will cause a fever.
About one in five children in the UK has eczema, and in eight out 10 cases it develops before the age of five, often before a child's first birthday.
Read about treating atopic eczema.
Erythema multiforme is a skin rash (usually mild) that's caused by an allergic reaction to the herpes simplex virus.
The spots look like targets, with a dark red centre and paler ring around the outside. The hands or feet tend to be affected first, followed by the limbs, upper body and face.
Your child will probably feel unwell and may have a fever, which you should be able to treat with over-the-counter medicine. It may take from two to six weeks before they feel better. See your GP if your child has a rash and seems unwell.
In rare cases, erythema multiforme can be triggered by a reaction to certain medications, such as an antibiotic or anticonvulsant. This more severe form is called Stevens-Johnson syndrome and it can be life-threatening.
Hand, foot and mouth disease
Hand, foot and mouth disease is a common, contagious infection that causes mouth ulcers and spots and blisters on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet.
It's most common in young children (particularly those under 10), but it can also affect older children and adults.
There's no cure for hand, foot and mouth disease and it's easily spread, so you should keep your child away from school or nursery until they're better. Your child's immune system will fight the virus and it should clear up after about seven to 10 days.
Make sure your child drinks plenty of fluid, and if eating and swallowing is uncomfortable, give them soft foods, such as mashed potatoes, yoghurt and soup.
Impetigo is a common and highly contagious skin infection that causes sores and blisters. It isn't usually serious and often improves within a week of treatment. There are two types of impetigo – bullous and non-bullous.
Bullous impetigo typically affects the trunk (the area of the body between the waist and neck), and causes fluid-filled blisters that burst after a few days to leave a yellow crust.
Non-bullous impetigo typically affects the skin around the nose and mouth, causing sores that quickly burst to leave a yellow-brown crust.
See your GP if you think your child has impetigo. Antibiotics, in the form of a cream or tablets, will be prescribed. This should reduce the length of the illness to around seven to 10 days.
Keratosis pilaris ("chicken skin")
Keratosis pilaris is a common and harmless skin condition. The skin on the back of the upper arms becomes rough and bumpy, as if covered in permanent goose pimples. Sometimes, the buttocks, thighs, forearms and upper back can also be affected.
Keratosis pilaris typically begins in childhood and gets worse during puberty. Some people find it improves after this and may even disappear in adulthood.
There's no cure for keratosis pilaris, and it often gets better on its own without treatment. However, there are some measures you can take that may improve your child's rash, such as using non-soap cleansers rather than soap, and an emollient to moisturise their skin. Your GP or pharmacist will be able to recommend a suitable cream.
Measles is a highly infectious illness that most commonly affects young children. It's now rare in the UK because of the effectiveness of the measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine.
The measles rash is red-brown blotches. It usually starts on the head or upper neck and then spreads outwards to the rest of the body. Your child may also have a fever and cold-like symptoms.
Call your GP surgery immediately if you think your child has measles. It's best to phone before visiting because the surgery may need to make arrangements to reduce the risk of spreading the infection to others.
Measles usually passes in about seven to 10 days without causing further problems. Paracetamol or ibuprofen can be used to relieve fever, aches and pains (don't give aspirin to children under 16). Also, make sure your child drinks plenty of water to avoid dehydration.
Read more about treating measles.
Molluscum contagiosum is a viral skin infection that causes clusters of small, firm, raised spots to develop on the skin.
It commonly affects young children aged one to five years, who tend to catch it after close physical contact with another infected child.
The condition is usually painless, although some children may experience some itchiness. It usually goes away within 18 months without the need for treatment.
Molluscum contagiosum is highly infectious. However, most adults are resistant to the virus, which means they're unlikely to catch it if they come into contact with it.
Pityriasis rosea is a relatively common skin condition that causes a temporary rash of raised, red scaly patches to develop on the body. Most cases occur in older children and young adults (aged between 10 and 35).
The rash can be very itchy. In most cases, it clears up without treatment in 2 to 12 weeks, although in rare cases it can last up to five months.
Emollients, steroid creams and antihistamines can be used to help relieve the itchiness. The rash doesn't usually leave scars, although the skin can sometimes be discoloured afterwards.
Prickly heat (heat rash)
Prickly heat (heat rash), also known as miliaria, is an itchy rash of small, raised red spots that causes a stinging or prickly sensation on the skin.
It occurs when the sweat ducts in the outer layer of skin (epidermis) are obstructed. You can get a heat rash anywhere on your body, but the face, neck, back, chest or thighs are most often affected.
Infants can sometimes get a prickly heat rash if they sweat more than usual – for example, when it's hot and humid or if they're overdressed. It isn't a serious condition and rarely requires any specific treatment.
Psoriasis is a long-lasting (chronic) skin condition that causes red, flaky, crusty patches of skin covered with silvery scales.
The severity of psoriasis varies greatly from person to person. For some people, it's just a minor irritation, but for others it can have a major impact on their quality of life.
There's no cure for psoriasis, but there are a number of treatments that can help improve the symptoms and appearance of skin patches. For example, topical corticosteroids are creams and ointments that can be applied to the skin.
Ringworm is a highly infectious fungal skin infection that causes a ring-like red or silvery patch on the skin that can be scaly, inflamed or itchy.
Ringworm often affects the arms and legs, but it can appear almost anywhere on the body. Other similar fungal infections can affect the scalp, feet, groin and nails.
Ringworm can usually be easily treated with antifungal medicines, which are available from a pharmacy. Ringworm of the scalp can cause scaling and patches of hair loss. It's treated with antifungal tablets, often combined with antifungal shampoo.
Scabies is a contagious skin condition that's intensely itchy. It's caused by tiny mites that burrow into the skin.
In children, scabies is usually spread through prolonged periods of skin-to-skin contact with an infected adult or child – for example, during play fighting or hugging.
The mites like warm places, such as skin folds, between the fingers, under fingernails, or around the buttock creases. They leave small red blotches, which are often found on the palms of the hands or soles of the feet. In infants, blisters are commonly found on the soles of the feet.
See your GP if you think your child has scabies. It's not usually a serious condition, but it does need to be treated. Your GP will prescribe a lotion or cream. Read more about treating scabies.
Scarlet fever is a highly contagious bacterial infection that usually affects children between two and eight years of age. It causes a distinctive pink-red rash, which feels like sandpaper to touch and may be itchy.
It often starts with a sore throat, fever and headache, with the rash developing two to five days after infection. The rash usually occurs on the chest and stomach before spreading to other areas of the body, such as the ears and neck.
Scarlet fever usually clears up after about a week, but see your GP if you think your child may have it. Antibiotics are used to treat it (liquid antibiotics, such as penicillin or amoxicillin, are often used to treat children).
Slapped cheek syndrome
Slapped cheek syndrome – also known as fifth disease or parvovirus B19 – is a viral infection that's common in children aged six to 10.
It causes a distinctive bright red rash to develop on both cheeks. This can look alarming, but it usually clears up by itself in one to three weeks.
Unless your child is feeling unwell, they don't need to stay away from school. Once the rash appears, the infection is no longer contagious. However, it's a good idea to notify your child's school about the infection.
Urticaria – also known as hives, weals, welts or nettle rash – is a raised, itchy rash that can affect one part of the body or be spread across large areas. It's a common skin reaction that often affects children.
Urticaria occurs when a trigger causes high levels of histamine and other chemical messengers to be released in the skin. These substances cause the blood vessels in the skin to open up, resulting in redness or pinkness, and swelling and itchiness.
There are many possible triggers of urticaria, including allergens, such as food or latex, irritants, such as nettles, medicines, and physical factors, such as heat or exercise. Sometimes, a cause can't be identified.
The rash is usually short-lived and mild, and can often be controlled with antihistamines.
12 Common Summertime Skin Rashes in Children
Sunny days and starlit evenings spent playing, splashing, and exploring can leave kids with more than warm summertime memories. Balmy weather also can lead to itchy, irritated skin.
Check out the list from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) to see how you can help prevent, identify, and soothe these common summertime skin rashes.
1. Heat Rash
Heat rash (also known as prickly heat or miliaria) is seen most often in babies and young children when sweat gland pores become blocked and perspiration can't escape. The rash looks like patches of small pink or red bumps or blisters under clothing or spots where skin tends to fold—on the neck, elbows, armpits, or thighs—although heat rash can occur on other covered areas.
What parents can do:
Keep kids cool. Dress your child in clothing that keeps the skin cool and dry. If possible, use fans and air conditioning to avoid overheating.
Pay attention to hot spots. Wash areas of the skin that stay wet with sweat, urine, or drool with cool water. Pat them dry.
Keep skin bare. Leave areas open to air without clothing. Do not apply skin ointments.
2. Poison Ivy & Other Plant Rashes
Many children get a burning, intensely itchy rash where their skin touches plants—such as poison ivy, poison oak, sumac—containing a sticky oil called urushiol. An allergic skin reaction causes redness, swelling and blisters. Other plants—such as wild parsnip, giant hogweed, and citrus—contain chemicals that make skin hypersensitive to sunlight and cause a phytophotodermatitis rash.
What parents can do:
Prevent exposure. Teach your child what these plants look like and how to avoid them. Both poison ivy and poison oak have shiny green leaves that grow three to a stem, so you might share the rhyme: "Leaves of three, let them be." The sumac shrub has stems that contain 7-13 leaves arranged in pairs, while wild parsnip and giant hogweed have clusters of small, flat-topped yellow and white flowers. If you have younger children, inspect the parks they play in and have rash-causing plants removed.
Wash and trim. If your child comes into contact with these plants, wash all of his or her clothes and shoes in soap and water. Also, wash the area of the skin that was exposed with soap and water for at least 10 minutes after the plant or the oil is touched. To discourage scratching and further damage to the skin, keep your child's fingernails trimmed. This will also prevent the rash from spreading if there is still a small amount of oil under the fingernails.
Soothing salves. If the rash is mild, apply calamine lotion to cut down on the itching. Avoid ointments containing anesthetics or antihistamines—they can cause allergic reactions themselves. Another good option to reduce skin inflammation is 1% hydrocortisone cream.
Talk with your pediatrician. While mild cases can be treated at home, talk with your pediatrician if your child is especially uncomfortable, the rash is severe and/or isn't going away, if the rash is on your child's face or groin area, or if you notice signs of infection (i.e., fever, redness, swelling beyond the poison ivy or oak lesions).
Eczema (also called atopic dermatitis or AD) is a chronic condition common in children that causes patches of dry, scaly red skin and tends to flare up during colder months when there's less moisture in the air. But dryness caused by air conditioning and pressurized planes during summer travel can cause problems, too. Overheating, sweating and chlorine in swimming pools also can trigger eczema.
What parents can do:
Moisturize. Apply fragrance-free creams or ointments at least once a day or more often if needed. After a bath or swimming, gently pat your child's skin with a towel and then apply moisturizer to his or her damp skin.
Dress wisely. Choose clothing made of soft, breathable fabrics like cotton when possible. Wash clothes in a detergent free of irritants such as perfumes and dyes.
Don't scratch. Keep your child's fingernails short and smooth, and remind him or her not to scratch. Scratching can make the rash worse and lead to infection.
Talk with your pediatrician. Ask your child's pediatrician if allergies, sometimes triggered by trees and plants that bloom during summer, could be a cause of the eczema. Your child's pediatrician may recommend medicines to help your child feel better and to keep the symptoms of eczema under control.
4. Insect Bites & Stings
Insects such as bees, wasps, mosquitos, fire ants, and ticks can cause itching and minor discomfort where they prick the skin. For some children, insect bites and stings can cause a severe allergic reaction called anaphylaxis—which includes a rash or hives and life-threatening symptoms such as airway swelling. (For children with a known allergy to insect bites and stings, it is important to have anaphylaxis emergency care plan in place). Other times, diseases spread by insects such as Lyme Disease, Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, and Zika Virus can cause rashes and other health problems.
What parents can do:
Avoidance. When spending time outdoors, avoid scented soaps and shampoos and brightly colored clothing—they can attract insects. If possible, steer clear of areas where insects nest and gather (i.e., stagnant pools of water, uncovered food, and blooming flowers).
Use insect repellent. Products with DEET can be used on the skin, but look for family-friendly products that contain concentrations of no more than 30% DEET. Wash the insect repellent off with soap and water when your child returns indoors.
Cover up. When in wooded areas or in or near tall grass, stay on cleared trails as much as possible. Have your child wear a long-sleeved shirt, pants, and hat. Avoid wearing sandals in an area where ticks may live.
Look closely. Wear light-colored clothing to make it easier to spot ticks. After coming indoors, check for ticks on your child's skin—they often hide behind the ears or along the hairline.
Remove stingers and ticks. To remove a visible stinger from skin, gently scrape it off horizontally with a credit card or your fingernail. If you find a tick, gently grasp it with fine-tipped tweezers as close to the skin as possible. Without squeezing the tick's body, slowly pull it away from the skin. See How To Remove A Tick for more information.
Clean the skin. After the stinger or tick is out, clean the bitten area with rubbing alcohol or other first aid ointment.
Treat swelling. Apply a cold compress or an ice pack to any swelling for at least 10 minutes.
Help relieve the itch. Applying ice, along with calamine lotion or 1% hydrocortisone cream, can also help relieve itching.
Impetigo is a bacterial skin infection that's more common during hot, humid weather. It causes a rash that may have fluid-filled blisters or an oozing rash covered by crusted yellow scabs. Impetigo is more likely to develop where there is a break in the skin, like around insect bites.
What parents can do:
Clean and cover. Clean the infected area with soap and water. Cover the infected area loosely to help prevent contact that would spread the infection to others or to other parts of the body. Wash your own hands well after treating your child's sores.
Avoid scratching. Trim your child's fingernails and discourage scratching. A child can spread the infection to other parts of his or her body by scratching. You can cover the rash loosely with a bandage to discourage your child from touching the rash, but make sure air can flow through so the skin can heal.
Talk with your pediatrician. While mild cases may respond to over-the-counter antibiotics such as bacitracin or bacitracin-polymyxin, impetigo is usually treated with prescription antibiotics—either a skin cream or oral medication. Your pediatrician may order a skin culture (test of your child's skin) to determine which bacteria are causing the rash.
6. Swimmer's Itch
Swimmer's itch (also called clam digger's itch or cercarial dermatitis) may appear after playing in lakes, oceans, and other bodies of water. The rash is caused by microscopic parasites found in shallow, warmer water near the shoreline where children tend to stay. The parasites burrow into skin, and cause tiny reddish, raised spots on skin not covered by the swimsuit to appear. Welts and blisters may also form.
What parents can do:
Be aware. Don't swim near or wade in marshy areas where snails are commonly found. Try not to attract birds (by feeding them, for example) where your family swims. Birds may eat the snails and spread the parasites in the water.
Shower or towel dry. Shower or briskly rub the skin with a towel immediately after getting out of the water. The parasites start to burrow when the water on skin begins evaporating. If your skin child's skin stings with rubbing—and the rash appears under the swimsuit—he or she may instead have Seabather's Eruption from stinging larvae of sea critters such as jellyfish or sea anemone. Stop rubbing and shower instead.
Don't scratch. Trim your child's fingernails and discourage scratching. Home treatments such cool compresses on the affected areas, Epsom salt or oatmeal baths, or baking soda paste may help to relieve the discomfort. If itching is severe, talk with your child's pediatrician. He or she may suggest prescription-strength lotions or creams to reduce your child's symptoms.
7. Cutaneous Larva Migrans (Sandworms)
Sandworms may be present in sand contaminated with feces from pets or stray animals. When a child stands or sits in contaminated sand on a beach or in a sandbox, the worms may burrow under the skin, usually around the feet or buttocks. Lines of itchy, reddish rash known as a creeping eruptionappear as the worms move under the skin, up to a few centimeters a day. The condition is more common subtropical and tropical areas such as the Caribbean, as well as parts of the southwestern United States.
What parents can do:
Keep shoes on. Don't let your child play on beaches where people walk their dogs. If your family goes on an outing to a designated pet-friendly beach, make sure your child keeps shoes on and doesn't sit in the sand without a blanket or towel.
Talk with your pediatrician. Your pediatrician can prescribe anti-parasitic medications such as albendazole or ivermectin to treat the rash. Without treatment, the larvae usually will die off in 5 to 6 weeks. Your pediatrician may suggest a cream to help relieve itching.
8. Folliculitis (Hot Tub Rash)
Folliculitis (hot tub rash) is an itchy, pimply rash that occurs when bacteria in unclean pools and hot tubs gets into hair follicles on the skin. The area where hairs grow from the skin becomes infected and inflamed, sometimes forming small, pus-filled blisters. A similar rash may come from wearing a damp swimsuit that wasn't washed and dried well after previous use. Hot rub rash typically starts 12-48 hours after being in a hot tub.
What parents can do:
Avoid dirty pools. If you're unsure whether the acid and chlorine levels are properly controlled in a heated pool, don't allow your child to go in.
Don't allow young children in spas or hot tubs. In addition to the risk for drowning and overheating, young children are also at higher risk of bacterial skin infection because they tend to spend more time in the water than teens or adults.
Talk with your pediatrician. Hot tub rash usually clears up without medical treatment. In the meantime, warm compresses and an over-the-counter anti-itch cream recommended by your pediatrician can help your child be more comfortable. If your child's rash lasts more than a few days, talk with your pediatrician.
9. Molluscum Virus
Molluscum contagiosum is a viral infection that causes pearly bumps on the skin on a child's chest, back, arms or legs. The dome-shaped bumps, also known as "water warts," may have a dimple in the center. The poxvirus that causes the bumps is more common in hot, humid climates. Some studies suggest the infection may spread in contaminated swimming pools.
What parents can do:
Wait it out. In most cases, molluscum contagiosum does not need treatment. The bumps usually will go away in 6 to 12 months.
Stop the spread. A child with molluscum contagiosum should not share towels, bedding, or clothing with others to avoid spreading the virus. The bumps are contagious as long as they are present.
Avoid scratching. Scratching the bumps can spread the virus and cause a second, bacterial infection where the skin is open.
A smooth, reddened rash on your child's feet, sometimes with peeling, cracking skin or scaly skin, could be from a condition called Juvenile Plantar Dermatosis (Sweaty Sock Syndrome). It happens when feet get wet and then dry quickly, again and again—like when shoes are taken on and off coming in and out of the house during summer.
What parents can do:
Breathable footwear. Reduce how often the feet go from wet to dry quickly by having your child wear open or more breathable footwear made of materials like mesh or cotton (i.e., water shoes) and/or thicker more absorbent socks.
Apply ointment. Applying moisturizing ointment or an over-the-counter steroid cream to the affected areas of your child's foot immediately after taking shoes off or getting out of water can help. If the condition does not improve, or if you notice any sign of infection where your child's skin is cracking, talk to your pediatrician.
11. Tinea (Ringworm)
Despite having "worm" in its misleading name, tinea (ringworm) is an infection caused by a fungus that thrives in warm, damp conditions. It is similar to athlete's foot and jock itch and can appear on a child's scalp or other parts of the body. It's called ringworm because the rash from the infection tends to form round or oval spots that become smooth in the center as they grow while the border remains red and scaly. The fungus can spread quickly among student athletes, especially during sweaty, summertime practices and games, when they share sports equipment and locker rooms.
What parents can do:
Stop the spread. Check and treat any pets that may have the fungus—look for scaling, itchy, hairless areas on their fur. Family members, playmates, or schoolmates who show symptoms also should be treated. Do not allow your child to share combs, brushes, hair clips, barrettes, or hats. Make sure mats used in sports like wrestling and gymnastics are properly disinfected after use.
Talk with your pediatrician. A single ringworm patch on the body can be treated with an over-the-counter cream recommended by your pediatrician. If there are any patches on the scalp or more than one on the body, or if the rash is getting worse while being treated, your pediatrician may prescribe a stronger medication and special shampoo.
Hand, Foot & Mouth Disease
Many parents assume virus season winds down after winter. But some viral illnesses, such as hand, foot, and mouth disease, are more common during summer and early fall. Outbreaks are most common in younger children and can spread in child care centers, preschools, and summer camps. Caused by Enterovirus coxsackie, the illness starts with a fever, sore throat, and runny nose—much like the common cold—but then a rash with tiny blisters may appear on any or all the following places on the body:
In the mouth (inner cheeks, gums, sides of the tongue or back of the mouth)
Fingers or palms of hands
Soles of feet
Symptoms are the worst in the first few days, but they are usually gone within a week. Peeling skin on the fingers, toes, and nails may begin after a week or two, but it is harmless. Parents of children with a history of atopic dermatitis or eczema should be aware that their children may be prone to a more severe outbreak.
What parents can do:
Monitor symptoms. Be sure to call your pediatrician if your child's fever lasts more than 3 days or if he or she is not drinking fluids. If symptoms are severe, your pediatrician may collect samples from your child's throat for lab testing.
Ease the pain. For fever and pain, the pediatrician may also recommend acetaminophen or ibuprofen. Liquid mouth-soothing remedies may be useful to alleviate mouth ulcer pain. Do not use regular mouthwashes, because they sting.
Avoid dehydration: Children with hand, foot, and mouth disease need to drink plenty of fluids. Call your pediatrician or go to the ER if you suspect your child is dehydrated. See Signs of Dehydration in Infants & Children for more information.
Inform others. Tell child care providers and playmates' parents to watch for symptoms of the illness. Children with hand, foot, and mouth disease may spread the virus through the respiratory tract (nose, mouth and lungs) for 1-3 weeks, and in the stool for weeks to months after the infection starts. Once a child's fever has gone away and he or she is feeling better, there is no need to keep him or her home unless there are still open and oozing blisters. See When to Keep Your Child Home from Child Care for more information.
Protecting your child's skin is a year-round concern, but it's especially important in the summer months when so much skin is exposed and vulnerable. Fortunately, many summertime rashes clear up quickly on their own. Be sure to talk with your pediatrician about any rash that you're unsure about—especially if you don't know what caused it, if it is making your child feel miserable or doesn't clear up quickly, or if it shows signs of infection or is accompanied by any shortness of breath.
Summer Safety Tips: Staying Safe Outdoors
Antibiotic Prescriptions for Children: 10 Common Questions Answered
American Academy of Dermatology
American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
Society for Pediatric Dermatology
The information contained on this Web site should not be used as a substitute for the medical care and advice of your pediatrician. There may be variations in treatment that your pediatrician may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances.
Rashes on the child's body
Many parents have noticed suspicious rashes on the body of their children. This symptom indicates the presence of any disease of the body or simply its painful condition. In any case, a rash on a child's body can be very dangerous. Therefore, if you notice a rash on the skin, you should immediately make an appointment with the child's pediatrician.
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Causes of rashes
A rash in children can appear for various reasons. The most “safe” case is when rashes appear due to poor hygiene. In addition, the cause of the rash is allergies, blood diseases, cardiovascular diseases, as well as infections and microbes. In the case of an infection, a rash is not the only symptom: fever, runny nose, sore throat, severe cough, chills, etc. are added to it. Often infections are accompanied by indigestion and vomiting. The rash in such cases does not occur immediately, but appears after a few days.
Rash most often occurs as a symptom of diseases that are commonly referred to as "children's". We are talking about chicken pox, rubella, measles, scarlet fever and some other infections that people get sick, mainly in childhood. Moreover, depending on the disease, the nature of the rash changes, so that doctors can diagnose only one type of rash. The most dangerous rash, which refers to the symptoms of meningitis.
Diseases causing rashes on the skin of children
Let's analyze the types of rash in a child in more detail, depending on the disease.
Chicken pox. Perhaps the most famous disease that is accompanied by a rash. With chickenpox, reddish spots appear on the entire surface of the body, which grow and become bubbles filled with a clear liquid. The growth of the bubbles is accompanied by itching, but over time they dry out and fall off, sometimes leaving characteristic “pockmarks”. Chicken pox often causes fever, and doctors recommend treating blisters of the rash with brilliant green.
Measles. Initially, a rash in the form of large red spots appears on the face, but literally within 2-3 days it spreads “from top to bottom” along the body to the very legs. In addition, the child begins to have a sore throat, runny nose and cough, and the temperature rises. The largest spots merge into large inflamed areas.
Meningococcal infection. The most dangerous infection, as it causes meningitis. It is very important to recognize the disease in time, as it develops very quickly. The rash is expressed in the form of large spots resembling bruises. If you see a doctor as soon as possible, the chances of a cure are very high.
Rubella. The rash is accompanied by fever and inflammation of the lymph nodes. A rash on the body of a child in the form of small red spots appears mainly on the buttocks and in the places where the limbs are bent. After a few days, the rash disappears without leaving any consequences.
Scarlet fever. With scarlet fever, a rash in the form of small pimples appears on the second day all over the body, but their highest concentration is noted in the groin, in the places of the folds of the arms and legs and in the lower abdomen. After a few days, the rash disappears, and the skin in these places begins to peel off strongly. Also during the peak of the disease, swelling, rash and redness of the entire skin are noted.
Enteroviral infection. Redness and rash appear on the third day after infection and last for about two to three days. Their other symptoms, doctors note vomiting, diarrhea, fever and general weakness of the body.
Parasites. In this case, the rash is not caused by infections, but by scabies mites or other parasites that live on the human body. The scabies mite "drills" holes in the skin, leaving entrances and exits in the form of dots. The most “attractive” parts of the body for a tick are places with thin skin: groin, wrists, areas between fingers, etc. Since the tick can be transmitted from one person to another, urgent treatment is necessary after the detection of this pathology.
Cardiovascular diseases. As a rule, these diseases are not typical for children, although they occur in them. Vascular disease can be recognized by small hemorrhages under the skin. Larger areas form bruises.
Other causes of rashes
Sometimes, even with all the rules of hygiene and the absence of diseases, a rash on the body of a child appears with enviable regularity. In this case, it is most likely an allergic reaction of the body to various substances. If this is true, then allergies can be recognized by other symptoms that will inevitably appear along with the rash: a runny nose, cough, tears, and itching. Also, a rash on the body of a child may appear from burns by plants or insect bites. Even a simple mosquito bite often causes a severe rash in children, which is accompanied by itching.
And, of course, very often a rash appears due to poor hygiene. Unlike adults, children's skin is much thinner and more delicate, so even a short-term lack of care for it can lead to a rash. Children, especially the smallest, should be washed and washed regularly. But wearing a lot of clothes on him or leaving him in wet diapers is not worth it - this can lead to diaper rash, irritation, and a rash.
If you find a rash on your child's body, you should see a doctor as soon as possible. You can make an appointment at our Poem Health clinic. In addition, you can call a doctor at home if the child is in a serious condition. Moreover, sometimes a doctor's house call is mandatory, since many diseases with symptoms in the form of a rash are easily transmitted to such children. You need to be especially careful with rubella, as it seriously affects the health of pregnant women. And if you suspect meningitis, you need to call not just a doctor, but an ambulance team.
Do not try to get rid of the rash on your own before seeing a doctor. Firstly, it will make it difficult for a doctor to determine the diagnosis. Secondly, it can lead to even more rashes in the child. It is best to wait for the examination of the doctor and listen to his recommendations for further treatment of the rash. Bacterial rashes are treated with antibiotics, scabies - with special means against ticks, allergies - with appropriate drugs with isolation from the source of allergies, etc. More complex treatment is needed for cardiovascular diseases, but, in the end, a rash on the body of a child is always treated successfully.
To avoid a rash on the body, measures must be taken to prevent it. First of all, we are talking about the basic rules of personal hygiene. At the earliest age, parents should take care of this, later they should teach this to their child as early as possible. Compliance with hygiene helps to get rid of not only rashes, sweating and dirt, but also prevents many infectious diseases.
In addition, infections can be prevented by vaccination. Some of them are done once and for life, others need to be done periodically. Doctors have a vaccination schedule for different ages, so it's best for parents to trust their pediatrician. As for the rash due to allergies, this is often associated with age-related changes. As a child grows, their immune system strengthens, but at an early age, if there are problems, you should follow a diet and take drugs as directed by doctors.
Skin rash in a child causes and diagnostic rules
From the condition of the skin, you can determine whether the function of the body is impaired. The rash varies in small red, intermittent, patchy, colorless, watery, vacant, itchy, knots and nodules. Children's rashes are much more common than adults. Basically, this is due to the influence of external factors (sunlight, temperature, humidity, harmful substances, chemicals, etc.) on the skin. The skin is also affected by the body's process and disease.
If you have a baby rash, you should consult a pediatric dermatologist. The First Children's Medical Center provides competent pediatric dermatologist services in Saratov. Here you can not only get your doctor's advice, but also take all the necessary tests and hear the opinions of related experts. By contacting a doctor in a timely manner, you can find the cause of the rash, remove it and eliminate the risk of recurrence and complications.
Causes of rashes
The reason for this is physiological, which is accompanied by a natural reaction to the process of the body. In addition, the background may have a pathological cause.
So we can conclude that baby rashes don't come out without a reason.
From a parent's point of view, every breakthrough looks almost the same. However, it can distinguish the first primary rash, and not the primary rash or near the primary rash can be distinguished over time.
Types of rashes
Various childhood diseases appear as a combination of primary and secondary symptoms. The primary rash is different. It is important for parents to respond quickly and confirm the formation formed in the child's body.
The bumpy details of these rashes are all deep in the dermis, in other words, the rash is not a surface. There is no cavity, it looks a bit like tuberculosis, and the color of the skin may change to red or purple.
Blister (blister). Therefore, people name most of the things that can be done on the skin. However, the blisters are actually pink rounded shapes and there are no cavities or contents. True blisters are short, last for a few minutes to a few hours, and then disappear without a trace. For example, there is a burning.
Water blister rash. This rash is also called nodularity because the appearance is similar to nodules with different skin colors and undertones. Papules are superficial and deep, and papules may disappear without a trace.
Water blister rash. This rash looks like a blister on the skin. In some cases, a colorless or bloody serum may be hidden. COSS integrate alone or merge to form many rooms. Open blisters are the same size as the bottom of the blisters and leave skin on skin.
Pompholygous (with two sexes). This type of rash also appears in the form of a whistle, but it is characterized by a more impressive size, 5 mm or more in diameter, compared to a small whistle. Such blisters may contain mucus or serum content as small whirlpools.
Tunu pustules are eruptions of abscesses. From superficial to deep skin. The opening of superficial pustules passes without a trace. Opened medium-deep pustules (boils, carbuncles) can cause severe scarring and scarring.
Rash on the body. This type of rash does not appear on the surface of the skin, but is characterized by a change in the shade of some parts of the body. Such rashes are vascular or petrifying.
Roseola is the name given to a rash that occurs in many infectious conditions. All elements of a pink or moderately reduced rash. The structure of roseola resembles spots. When stretched or pressed on the skin, the rash turns pale and disappears for a while.
hemorrhagic rash. This type of rash appears as red blood that forms at the sites of ruptured blood vessels. Stretching the skin does not stop the bleeding.
The appearance of the secondary rash is also different. Represents a bench, with the transformation of elements of the primary rash (usually blisters or pustules) into crusts after opening. Growth is often seen as secondary symptoms such as fissures, erosions, abrasions of epithelial cells, abrasions, scars and ulcers.
Where a skin rash can appear
A small, red rash is a type of rash that is more common in children of all ages, especially in early childhood, kindergarten, and high school.
On the hairline, face, armpits, shoulders, abdomen, back, buttocks, groin and groin, small, non-dominant rashes can be seen. Such rashes are caused by allergies (food, drug, cosmetic). It can also be the result of overheating or non-compliance with sanitary rules. This leads to chafing and knocking. In one-year-olds, the rash may cover the head as the skin regulates body temperature.
The skin on the face may be covered with red rashes in some viral diseases. A child may develop a rash on his face if he does not receive suspicious new foods or medicines and does not change his lifestyle. In this case, it is necessary to take a temperature measurement and contact a pediatrician.
Red rashes of various sizes and types may appear on the hands and feet of children due to viral or bacterial infections, red fever, measles or leukemia.
Colorless rashes become more visible over time and are much more difficult to detect. Often these types of rashes indicate the early stages of allergy development. An almost invisible rash that is colorless or very pale may cover the body and be rough to the touch. It resembles a gooseberry, runs over the skin during chills and chills. Eruptions occur close to each other and can be huge.
A watery rash is a clear sign of infections, allergies, insect bites, and sunburn.
These areas may develop blisters filled with fluid.
On the face (orbital triangle, lips, nose).
For ribs, limbs, genitals, groin, inner waist, etc.
near the anus.
In this case, the development of an infection originating from blisters or herpes is suspected. In much the same way, allergic reactions to the use of skin care products, in contact with chemicals and toxins, have caused local reactions resembling chemical burns.
Due to prolonged exposure to the sun, foamy rashes on the skin can turn red, causing the skin to turn red and slightly swollen.
When blisters appear on the skin of the hands and feet, "dyshidrosis" is possible, which is a blockage of the sweat glands. Blisters on the palms and heels are caused by the development of a fungal disease.
Purulent rash is characteristic of bacterial infections. Such diseases most often develop under the influence of Staphylococcus aureus. It may also be due to the impact on the body of epidermal staphylococcus aureus, streptococcus and other microorganisms.
Such rashes can appear microscopically on the skin, wounds, wounds, which facilitates the penetration of internal microorganisms. Also, if the rash initially itches and itches and the baby begins to comb it, it becomes infected with bacteria and pustules appear.
Pustules on the knees and elbows in childhood can occur as a result of frequent falls and frequent skin injuries. The formation of a deep abscess is called a pyometra.
What parents need to do
To assess this condition, the parent should examine the child's skin and remove clothing. It is necessary to determine the nature of the rash (vesicles, opacities, papules, etc.) and the area. It is necessary to remember and analyze the state before the rash appears.
You will then have your temperature taken, your neck and tonsils examined, and other signs checked. You need to decide whether to call a doctor at home or visit a medical facility yourself.
What not to do when a rash appears
Compression of pustules.
Comb the rash.
Self processing -.
Since the application on fair skin complicates the diagnostic measures.
Do not forget that there are infectious diseases with rashes. In this regard, you should refrain from visiting the clinic with your child, as you can infect someone else in the hope that your turn will come. In such cases, it is recommended to call a doctor at home.
Diagnosis of the disease
Before treating a rash, it is important to find out the real cause of the rash. The choice of treatment depends on what caused the rash.
This is a diagnosis.
are removed from the skin.
Accumulation of fluid contained in vesicles and pustules.
Get blood, stool and urine tests.
If necessary, you can visit a specialist nearby, such as a pediatrician, allergist, infectious disease specialist or gastroenterologist.
The treatment of rashes does not consist only of local treatment. To fix the problem, complex treatment is usually required. The main goal is to change the baby's habitat, revise the menu, take medicine.
Pediatric Dermatology Treatment
If a rash develops on a child's skin, it is important not to treat it alone, as treatment may worsen symptoms. If you have modulated your child's skin, you need to ask your child's dermatologist for help.
The pediatrician at the pediatric medical center will be diagnosed with the latest research methods. As a result of the test, if it is found that the skin disease is a symptom of other diseases, dermatologists consult, treat and treat them with the help of relevant specialists (digestive, allergic department, endocrinology, gynecology, surgery, etc.). request.
Reservations for pediatric dermatologists in Saratov are accepted from 8.00 to 20.00 at the first DMC by calling (8452) 244-000. Reception will be made in advance.
Food allergy is called a pathological reaction of the body to food ingredients. In this article, pediatrician Olga Nikolaevna Trekteteva explains in detail the symptoms of an allergy to a newborn and treatment.
Children's food allergies are said to be around 10%. This is quite a large percentage, and the increase was recently increased. It is not unusual for a mother who complains of her child's food allergy symptoms to see pediatrics. In order to effectively treat children's food allergies, doctors must not only prescribe medications, but also explain the rules of child care and explain the subtle differences in food therapy.
The genetic background is important in the onset of an allergy. Therefore, if moms and dads have an allergic reaction, children can also cause higher food intolerances.
Types of food allergies in infants
Food allergies are roughly divided into two types: a reaction that occurs immediately after ingestion and an accumulated allergy. To cause an allergic reaction, allergens must be repeated into the body. Allergies are divided into types of skin symptoms, food, breath, etc., depending on the most damaged organ system.
Food allergy symptoms in infants
1. Food allergy symptoms are varied. The most common symptoms are a rash. Immediately after the allergen invades the body, hives can occur, which is an acute allergic reaction. A bright red swelling appears on the baby's skin with different sizes and shapes. Clear bubbles may appear in the center of the spot. The size varies from a few millimeters to several centimeters. This rash usually occurs within 1-3 days. But showing the child to the teacher is still worth it. Sometimes kids need to be prescribed medication so they get more immediate help in major rashes and places of failure. It is necessary to remember which product caused such a reaction and no longer gives.
2. Other types of rash are not as severe. Therefore, it may not be possible to clearly define the relationship between exterior and product. Such a battle is usually not bright, small. It tends to be a wave current. The rash usually becomes bright in the evening and becomes thinner in the morning. The skin is dry, peeled, and sometimes cracked. It can often be done on the cheek, buttocks, outer waist, and arms. This type of rash requires special medical expert precautions and special treatments.
The most common symptoms are digestive symptoms. Swelling of the oral mucosa, swelling of the esophagus, single or frequent vomiting. In many cases, these symptoms strongly appear immediately after the use of allergens. In addition, children may suffer from abdominal pain. Sometimes you become sullen, get up or twist your legs. Food allergies can appear when the stool becomes loose. Both diarrhea and constipation can occur. Significant signs of a food allergy include large amounts of backflow, slight weight gain, anorexia, and weakness. Gastrointestinal symptoms may not be accompanied by a rash.
4 Respiratory symptoms may appear in infancy, although the incidence is low. When food enters the mucous membrane, swelling of the upper respiratory tract can occur. It is an acute, life-threatening illness. You need to consult a doctor immediately. If you are exposed to allergens for a long time, you may develop allergic rhinitis or asthma. In many cases, this reaction does not occur after swallowing food, but after inhaling particles. The most common cause of respiratory allergies is inhaling the smoke that comes out when you cook or fry fish.
In addition, there is also a serious acute allergic reaction such as Quinkehremen and anaphylactic shock. Such a reaction occurs immediately after contact with allergens and develops very quickly. This is extremely rare and requires urgent medical attention.
Causes of food allergies in newborns
It is very rare for a newborn baby to cause food allergies. Babies receive only breast milk. This is food made by nature for a child, and there will be nothing else. Therefore, the peak food allergy for breast milk is considered to be around 4-5 months after birth, which begins to produce additional foods that are added to breast milk, such as vegetables, fruits, grains, meats, and dairy products. In the case of a child raised in milk, the situation is slightly different. Powdered milk itself can cause food intensity. Therefore, when choosing a mixture, it is better to consult an expert.
What is the most common allergen in infants?
1. 1st place is intensity for milk proteins. Most modern baby milk is based on milk proteins. For this reason, the child causes allergies in the mixture. Also, if the mother's diet is rich in dairy products, babies who are breastfeeding may also react to milk. It is not a specific milk component or powdered milk. Milk ingredients contain many proteins such as albumin, globulin and casein. Some of them can cause allergic reactions, while others do not. Casein makes up about 80% of all milk protein. The ingredients contained in milk are the same as goat's milk. This explains that the baby has a crossover reaction to milk and goat milk. Therefore, if the milk is intolerable, it is not recommended to replace it with a recipe using goat milk or goat milk for baby food. Certain proteins are destroyed by heat treatment. This is because the reactivity of boiled milk (ability to react) is low. There is a protein similar to that of beef and calf. In intolerance to this kind of protein, children will cross milk and meat products.
2. The next most common cause of a child's allergy is eggs. In the composition of eggs, allergens also act as albumin, a protein. Therefore, it is recommended to include eggs from egg yolk and small amounts when including eggs in a meal. Please carefully observe the child's reaction to this product. In the first feeding of eggs, it is important to carefully observe the reaction with the protein. Please note that the pasta and bakery contain eggs.
3. Gluten is well known as a cause of food intolerance. It is a protein found in some grains. It is recommended to start adding foods that are gluten-free to avoid side effects. Soba, corn, rice, etc. High gluten foods like Maneuvera, Christos and Automeal should be introduced almost a year in advance. During the first year of reaction to gluten, there is not much intolerance to milk proteins and egg whites.
4. In addition, colorful vegetables and fruits can cause food reactions. Carrots, beets, pumpkin, peach, etc. A good idea is to take green vegetables and white vegetables like zucchini, cabbage, broccoli, etc. And it's better to start with a blue apple or pear for your child's fruit. Exotic fruits such as mango and kiwi should not be rushed.
Be aware that any product can cause an allergic reaction. If you are giving your baby for the first time, your mother should remember the risk of intolerance. In particular, don't be impatient to introduce inferior foods. In the morning, give you some unfamiliar foods so that you can reduce the reaction during the day.
How to recognize a food allergy and not confuse it with other diseases?
In most cases, the diagnosis of food allergy requires a doctor's consultation and a detailed examination of the mother. Mom sometimes reveals that he is allergic to food or introduces a specific product for the doctor. It can be difficult to make such a diagnosis at the same time. After that, a doctor can be scheduled for the test. Start, all the calculations of blood cells. If necessary, a specific allergy test will be performed, such as an immunoglobulin test and for subsequent ages. These tests have been selected as the most useful in recent clinical guidelines. Also, depending on the symptoms your child is concerned about, you may need to consult an allergy, dermatology, gastrointestinal department, etc. In addition, additional tests from the gastrointestinal tract.
Treatment and prevention of allergies
According to the latest recommendations, breastfeeding is the mainstay of childhood food allergies. Babies who have grown up with only breast milk for a few months are unlikely to develop food allergies. At the same time, healthy breastfeeding does not require special foods. Meals should be perfect and varied, including protein, fat and carbohydrates. It also contains trace elements and vitamins. In addition, it is recommended that the mother of a child at risk of food intolerance not restrict the diet. It is necessary to completely eliminate foods that have reacted from their mother, and make a food diary.
If artificial nutrition is needed for children with a predisposition to allergies, special hypoallergenic mixtures are chosen. The mixture should be selected by a specialist for the treatment of existing conditions. According to the latest clinical guidelines, in case of intolerance to cow's milk proteins, fully hydrolyzed proteins or mixtures with an amino acid composition are chosen. In this case, it is not advisable to prescribe hypoallergenic mixtures or mixtures based on goat milk protein. Soy-based milk powder itself can cause allergic reactions.
Proper introduction of complementary foods is also an important step in the prevention and treatment of food allergies. Introduce complementary foods early - not earlier than 4 months and not later than 6 months. Choose hypoallergenic foods first, such as Chinese cabbage, green leafy vegetables, and gluten-free cereals. On one day, the babies were given only a small amount of one complementary food and a possible reaction was observed. In the beginning, limit the introduction of new foods to once a week. Mothers of babies who are predisposed to allergies or already suffering from allergies are advised to keep a food diary. In it, the mother writes down all the foods that she gives the child during the day, and possible reactions to them.
If necessary, the doctor may prescribe medication for your child. They can be considered for both oral administration and dermal treatment. Children with chronic allergic rashes are shown special skin care. Also, after washing, it is necessary to use a special care product - conditioner. It is better to consult a doctor about which conditioner to choose. If you have gastrointestinal or respiratory symptoms, you may need special treatment from your doctor.
Eruptions often appear on the body in children. This may indicate a problem such as an allergy or skin disease. However, in most cases, rashes on the children's body do not pose a threat and go away on their own.
However, if you develop a rash or fever, feel unwell, behave abnormally, or are worried about skin changes, be sure to contact your pediatrician to rule out a serious illness or infection. treatment if necessary.
This article contains information about what causes the rash, but do not take it as a self-diagnosis. This is just an overview of the most common causes of rashes in children. Your pediatrician will be able to tell you more about your child's health. We will talk about the causes of rashes in infants separately.
Chickenpox is a common viral illness affecting most children. Chickenpox causes an itchy red patchy rash on the body that turns into blisters of fluid. The blisters then dry out, form a crust, and eventually flake off. Some children have few spots, while others have a rash all over their body.
Eczema is a condition in which the skin becomes red, itchy, dry and cracked. The most common is atopic dermatitis, which is more common in children but occasionally occurs in adults.
Atopic dermatitis usually causes a rash on the feet (knees), hands (elbows), neck and face (eyelids, ears and cheeks). This is a clear illness, but if the child subsequently becomes infected with the herpes simplex virus, the dermatitis may worsen, and small blisters (called irritable fever) may appear along with the high fever.
Impetigo is a highly contagious disease caused by bacteria. It is characterized by the formation of pustules and blisters on the skin. There are two types of impetigo.
Bullous contagious impetigo - large painless blisters filled with fluid.
Impetigo is highly contagious and causes pustules that break open quickly, forming yellow-brown crusts.
If you think your child has impetigo, talk to your pediatrician. You will be given antibiotic cream and should be cured within 7-10 days.
Ringworm is a common, highly contagious infection that causes round spots, red rashes, on the skin. The plaques can appear anywhere on the body, but are most common on the scalp, legs, and groin.
Consult a dermatologist for an accurate diagnosis. Lichen interstitialis is treated with antifungal agents that are applied to the skin in the form of creams, ointments, shampoos, or given as tablets. Quarantine is provided for the period of illness, children cannot attend school and kindergarten.
Sweaty babies may experience this option, for example, when worn in extremely hot or humid conditions. In older children, it develops when hygiene rules are not followed or when wearing uncomfortable synthetic clothing. Small red rashes and blisters appear on the skin, but they usually heal quickly without special treatment. To do this, bathe them regularly and wear them according to the weather.
Exudative erythema multiforme
Pustular erythema - skin reaction caused by:
Herpes simplex virus
Round red spots appear on the arms and legs, which gradually increase and spread throughout the body. Favorite places of rashes Hands, less often feet, to a lesser extent the face, neck, shins, soles of the feet. Sometimes elements of the rash are observed in the oral cavity. The center of the spot gradually turns pale, forming elements that can merge with each other. In addition to blemishes, it can also cause blisters on the skin.
In subtle erythema multiforme, the pediatric focus is often disturbing, the rash is accompanied by fever. Recovery takes 2 to 6 weeks. Rarely, excretory erythema multiforme may develop in response to drugs such as antibiotics or antispasmodics. This is more dangerous, the disease can be life-threatening. Call your pediatrician if you develop a rash and feel unwell.
Keratosis follicularis (“goosebumps”)
Thylakotase is a common, asymptomatic condition in which the skin on the forearms becomes rough and itchy when cold. You can also get goosebumps on your lower back and cheeks.
It usually starts in childhood and worsens during adolescence. After that, the condition subsides and may even disappear completely with age. There is no specific treatment for follicular keratosis, but it usually does not matter much.
Hand-foot-mouth syndrome (viral pemphigus)
Hand-foot-mouth syndrome and viral pemphigus are common benign diseases caused by Coxsackie enteroviruses. Accompanied by rashes and small blisters on the palms and feet of children. Mouth ulcers and general malaise may also occur. Itching is usually not noticeable.
The child's immune system fights the virus on its own and symptoms usually disappear within 7-10 days. However, FMD is a highly contagious disease.
Molluscum contagiosum is a skin disease caused by a virus that causes small hard blisters to form on the skin.
Molluscum contagiosum most commonly develops in children between 1 and 5 years of age who infect each other. As a rule, there is no pain, but sometimes itching may occur. Without treatment, it usually resolves within 18 months. In some cases, skin formations can be removed, but in this case, you should consult a dermatologist.
Molluscum contagiosum is highly contagious, but most adults develop immunity to the virus and are less likely to become infected through contact with it.
Rosacea dandruff is a relatively common skin condition. Rounded pink spots appear on the skin, the central part of which gradually turns pale and begins to peel off. The rash is sometimes accompanied by mild itching. After a few weeks, the spots spread all over the body.
Older children and young people between the ages of 10 and 35 are most commonly affected. Dandruff rosacea usually resolves without treatment within 2 to 12 weeks. Its cause is unknown.
Scabies is a contagious skin disease caused by tiny, itchy mites that burrow on the skin. This causes a rash with intense itching. Children become infected with scabies through close contact, such as when playing with sick adults or children.
Ticks prefer thin skin between fingers, skin folds, curved limbs and groin. In young children, the legs, arms, buttocks, face, and scalp are usually affected. It leaves small red bumps or silvery lines on the skin, usually on the palms and soles. Infants often develop blisters on their feet. If you suspect you have scabies, call your doctor for treatment (lotion or cream).
Urticaria is a disease characterized by red, itchy, burning rashes on the skin. This is caused by the release of histamine into the skin. Causes redness, swelling and itching.
Urticaria can be caused by a variety of factors, including allergens (eg food and latex), irritants (eg nettles), medications, and natural factors such as sunlight and heat. However, in most cases the cause cannot be determined. This is a common skin reaction in children. The rash usually resolves quickly with antihistamines.
Erythema infectiosum ("fifth disease")
Erythema injectiva ("fifth disease") is a viral disease that is common in children that has a red rash on the cheek. In principle, children between the ages of 6 and 10 are eligible. In most cases, the health condition does not appear much and it will subside after a few days, so this is usually not required. This can take 4 to 5 weeks. If you have a rash or fever, contact your doctor.
Psoria is a disease in which red spots appear on the skin, covered with a silver scale. Psoriasis can cause beauty defects, and if the course is long, nails and joints can be invaded. This is a chronic condition, but there are treatments to help relieve symptoms, improve the appearance of the rash, and avoid complications.
Cellulitis or phlegmon
Bizitis and sputum is an inflammation of the skin and subcutaneous tissues caused by bacteria. The affected area becomes red, tender, swollen and hot. Changes in the skin are accompanied by high fever, pain and severe exhaustion. If these symptoms appear, contact your pediatrician immediately.
Motor sickness is a severe infectious disease caused by a virus. Measles can be contracted if you are not vaccinated or have not previously been vaccinated, but if you are one to four years old, you will have measles disease.
Hagan is characterized by a small, reddish brown rash that basically appears behind the ears and then spreads to the head, neck, legs and torso. Children are likely to have flu-like symptoms and a high fever. If you notice the above signs, contact your pediatrician at home.
- And it is also a contagious infectious disease in children. The pathogen is a bacterium. A two-year-old child was the most affected. In the scarlet aroma, there is a bright pink rash that is characteristic of the body, and when you touch it, it looks like paper. In many cases, it starts with a sore throat, headache, and fever, and a rash develops after 12-48 hours. If you think your baby is red, contact your family doctor immediately.
A child's rash may be caused by "meningitis t-mamigitis", a disease that leads to death. The rash resembles roots or appears in red spots. It usually disappears after 2-3 hours. And due to serious causes and dangerous complications, the skin can be bruised. A sign that can be considered for meningitis in children.
Children are repressed, react to others weak, limited and acute.
The child is frustrated and hates to be hugged.
I hate hugs, hate hugs, hate hugs, hate hugs, hate hugs, hate hugs.
Vomiting and refusal to eat
Blue and white and spots.
The expression is complex.
We have severe drowsiness.
Red rash that does not go away even when pressed against hard objects (eg glass).
Trust your intuition. If you think you have had meningitis, contact your pediatrician at home immediately, and if your condition is serious, call an ambulance (03 from the landline, 911 or 112 from your mobile phone).
Rash in a child: which doctor should I contact?
When you go to your child's body, you can use this service to find a good doctor.
Follow the link to find a clinic where you can call a pediatrician at home.
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All published materials are reviewed by physicians. However, no matter how reliable the articles are, it is not possible to consider all the characteristics of an individual's disease. Therefore, the information posted on this website is not an alternative to consulting a doctor, but additional. These articles have been created for the purpose of providing information and having advice.
Baby skin rash often sues during a pediatric consultation. Usually parents consider the cause of the rash to be children's eating habits. There are so many allergic rashes for children, but I will analyze them for what other reasons and how to treat them.
These are the types of rashes that appear on newborns. There seem to be various reasons. No special treatment is required and it disappears naturally. These are the following.
- Birotome a - Necessary white spots for the nose and forehead of newborns. Usually it naturally cuts to the first birth age. Special processing is not required.
- Seborrheic dermatitis or milky white crust - development in the year after birth. In tender reddish skin and normal skin, white and yellowish dark skin appears. It can be easily separated from the skin without giving any discomfort. There is no need for treatment. You may want to use shampoos and bubble baths dedicated to the treatment of seborrheic dermatitis sold in pharmacies.
- Dess (acne) for babies. It occurs in a newborn within one year of birth. I sometimes stay for a long time. The reason is that the change is due to hormones. The rash is similar to adult acne. Redness and thickening appear on the skin. Then a head appears with a white and yellowish content. For treatment, use a preservative if needed and a retinoid for severe changes.
- Post-erythema of newborns, approximately 2-5 days after birth and completely disappears after 2-3 weeks. This is redness of the skin filled with white or yellow content or shrine. It can appear anywhere on your body. The cause of the occurrence has not been fully elucidated. There is no need for treatment. He disappears without permission.
-Mongolian spots a-pigmented spots with green, blue and gray, usually found on the back and buttocks of a newborn. Appears from birth. Pass independently at the age of 3 years. The kids are not in trouble. There is no need for treatment.
- Marble-like skin pigmentation - may increase or decrease over time with a delicate network of blood vessels on the surface of a child's skin. The reason is that the child's autonomic nervous system is immature. Pass without permission. There is no need for treatment.
One of the causes of dry skin in children is allergies. Pathogens are divided into food and contact. Respiratory allergens rarely cause a rash. Exposure to allergens causes skin redness, swelling, itching, and sometimes clear blisters. If there is a strong reaction, the bubbles will be large. Damage to the epithelium of the bladder exposes the wound surface and heals under the crust. Acute allergic rashes usually disappear quickly after contact with the allergen is stopped. Rash from prolonged exposure to an allergen is usually less intense. treated worse. Makes it difficult to identify allergens. Severe cases require medical attention and more intensive treatment.
This is a skin disease that is accompanied by a violation of its barrier function and the development of inflammation. Atopic dermatitis first appears around 3 months of age. It flows like a wave through a period of improvement. In most cases, it is completely cured within 7 years. Approximately 10% of the changes remain for life. This is dry skin with slight redness, peeling, itching, sometimes small blisters with transparent contents appear. In severe cases, the redness may disappear, and the surface of the skin may crack, with a yellow or clear liquid leaking from it. Topical corticosteroids, pimeclalimus, and toclalimus in ointment or gel form are used to relieve flare-ups. Continue to use emollients to maintain remission and improve skin barrier properties. Antihistamines may be recommended to relieve itching.
Miliaria in infants
Predominantly localized in skin folds. It is characterized by redness of the skin and the appearance of small white dots. The reason is a decrease in the secretion of sweat glands and the inflammation that accompanies it. Contact dermatitis and diaper dermatitis is redness and inflammation of the skin caused by prolonged contact with the urine, feces and saliva of children. Both symptoms usually go away on their own with proper hygiene. Dry creams and powders containing zinc may help. Antifungals and antibiotics are used in severe cases with an infected rash.
Rashes associated with skin infections
Chickenpox is an acute, widespread infection that mainly affects children of preschool and primary school age. Symptoms of poisoning appear, sometimes accompanied by an increase in body temperature and the appearance of a characteristic rash. The chickenpox rash begins with red patches on the scalp. Then gradually lower your torso and limbs. It can also appear on the mucous membranes of the mouth and genitals. Soap bubbles with transparent contents appear instead of spots. Blisters appear, accompanied by itching of varying intensity. After that, the air bubbles dry up and become covered with a yellow crust, which eventually disappears. One large element can leave a permanent scar on the skin. Treatment is symptomatic. At high temperatures, use an antipyretic. Topically apply an antiseptic to the skin and mucous membranes to prevent infection of the elements. Antihistamines are indicated for severe itching. It will heal on its own in about 10 days. There are vaccines to prevent chickenpox.
- As an infectious disease that appears when fever, catalysis and rash appear on the 3rd - 4th day. Rash of measles appears in the mouth. And this extends to the face and to the body. The component of the rash is large and brown. There is no specific treatment for this rash. There is vaccination.
-Reval a is an infectious disease that appears with fever, catalog symptoms, conjunctivitis and rash. Rufella rash is small, bright, spreads over the entire skin. This disease has no silver bullet. Rubla has a vaccine.
- Pidera (sudden rash) ... This is a viral disease that develops mainly in children after 10 months. Up to two years of age. Appears with severe poisoning and acute onset with high fever. On the 3rd day, body temperature appears, and several elements of red rash appear. It starts from your head and gradually descends throughout your body. I don't care about the baby's rash. It heals naturally in 2-3 days. This disease does not require treatment.
- Per n-development from preschoolers. A characteristic change appears on the red border between the lips, mucous membranes and the oral cavity. Children feel itching and tingling. Redness appears on the skin, then swells, and a multifunctional graft is formed. When the disease subsides, crusts (cabs) form instead of bubbles, and they disappear without a trace. Herpes treatment includes an antiviral form in the form of a gel, ointment and tablets.
- Infectious flame of the angle of wheat is a viral skin lesion. This is expressed by the appearance of gradually increasing itching on unaffected skin. And a characteristic dent appears in the center. This disease is contagious, not dangerous, lasts a long time, and there is no specific treatment.
-Scarlac a is an infectious disease caused by bacteria. Appears in intense drunkenness, fever, inflammation of the tonsils and characteristic changes in the skin. The scarlet t-fever rash is patchy and not bright. It occurs in folds such as the groin, elbows, and armpits. And it spreads throughout the body. After recovery, go through without any x-traces. Some time after the disease, the skin may remain on the finger of the extremities. Scary fever is treated with oral antibiotics.
-Marming bacterial infection: a serious bacterial infection that also occurs due to fever, catalytic symptoms and damage to the central nervous system. The rash of meningitis infections has a characteristic appearance. These are the isolated bleeding factors that will add up to the big "subcutaneous bleeding". If such a rash appears on your child's skin, you need to consult a doctor immediately. Treatment with a systemic antibiotic. Mennititis bacterial infections have vaccines.
- Wakig a is a rash caused by bacteria. A brightly painful redness appears around the face, usually around the mouth, and then it will be covered with dirty yellow crusts.