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How long can a child receive ssi benefits
Parents and Guardians | SSA
With you through life’s journey...
The makeup of American families has changed in the last 20 to 30 years. Today, family units are diverse, rich in culture, and may include two parents, same-sex parents, only one parent, grandparents, and other relatives. Social Security knows that whether single parent, blended, diverse, small or large, every family is important.
For more than 80 years, Social Security has helped families secure today and tomorrow by providing financial benefits, tools, and programs that help support millions throughout life’s journey. Our programs and services have evolved to meet your unique family needs and especially the children in your care.
We are there from day one
Getting your child a Social Security number should be near the top of the list of things you need to do as a new parent or guardian. Your child's Social Security number is the first step in ensuring valuable protection for any benefits they may be eligible for in the future.
You’ll need your child’s Social Security number to claim them as a dependent on your income tax return or open a bank account in the child’s name and buy savings bonds. Your child’s Social Security number is also necessary to obtain medical coverage or apply for any kind of government services for your child.
Most people apply for their child’s Social Security number at birth, usually at the hospital. When the time comes for your child’s first job, the number is already in place. For more information on getting your child a Social Security number and card, check out Social Security Numbers for Children.
A fun bonus of assigning Social Security numbers at birth is that we know the most popular baby names, which we announce each year. On our website, you can find the top baby names for the last 100 years.
We’re there with support if you’re raising a grandchild…
More and more grandparents are finding themselves raising their grandchildren. Social Security will pay benefits to grandchildren when the grandparent retires, becomes disabled, or dies, if certain conditions are met. Generally, the biological parents of the child must be deceased or disabled, or the grandparent must legally adopt the grandchild.
To receive this benefit, your grandchild must have begun living with you before age 18 and received at least one half of his or her support from you for the year before the month you became entitled to retirement or disability insurance benefits, or died. Also, the natural parent(s) of the child must not be making regular contributions to his or her support.
If your grandchild was born during the one-year period, you must have lived with and provided at least one-half of the child's support for substantially the entire period from the date of birth to the month you became entitled to benefits.
Your grandchild may qualify for benefits under these circumstances, even if he or she is a step-grandchild. However, if you and your spouse are already receiving benefits, you would need to adopt the child for them to qualify for benefits.
We’re there when they get their first job
Once your child starts working and throughout their career, employers will verify their Social Security number to help reduce fraud and improve the accuracy of their earnings records.
Employers collect FICA, or Federal Insurance Contributions Act withholdings, and report earnings electronically. This is how we verify earnings and is how your child earns Social Security retirement, disability, and survivors coverage.
Once they turn 18, they can open a my Social Security account and watch their personal earnings and future benefits grow over time.
We’re there to help if disability strikes…
As a working parent, your earnings can become a source of Social Security protection for your family. If you retire or become disabled and unable to work, your earnings would be partially replaced by your monthly Social Security benefit payments.
A child who is disabled may depend on your help for a lifetime. When you start receiving Social Security retirement or disability benefits, your family members also may be eligible for payments. If you are a parent, caregiver, or representative of a child younger than age 18 who has a disability, your child may be eligible for Supplemental Security Income (SSI) payments. More information is provided in the Benefits for Children with Disabilities booklet.
For children 18 years or older who have been disabled before the age of 22 and continue to be disabled, Social Security benefits may be paid to them if you retire, become disabled, or die. Social Security benefits for disabled children may continue as long as they are unable to work because of their disability.
Additionally, you can find information on the specific benefits and qualifications in the Disability Benefits publication.
We’re there to provide comfort during difficult times…
The loss of a parent or guardian can be both emotionally and financially difficult. Social Security helps by providing benefits to help stabilize the family’s financial future. Widows, widowers, and their dependent children may be eligible for Social Security survivors benefits.
In fact, 98 of every 100 children could get benefits if a working parent dies. And Social Security pays more benefits to children than any other federal program.
Providing protection for parents too…
Even if you have never worked in a job covered by Social Security, as a parent, there are two ways that you may still qualify for benefits.
If you are a parent and take care of your child who receives Social Security benefits and is under age 18, you can get benefits until your child reaches age 16. Your child's benefit will continue until he or she reaches age 18, or 19 if he or she is still in school full time. Your monthly payments stop with the child’s 16th birthday, unless your child is disabled and stays in your care.
If you are a parent who receives most of your support from your adult child, and your child dies, Social Security also pays monthly benefits to you under the following conditions:
You must be at least 62 years old and must not have remarried since the worker (your child)'s death
You cannot be entitled to your own, higher Social Security benefit; and
You must be able to show that you received one-half of your financial support from the worker at the time of their death. You must submit this proof of support to Social Security within two years of the worker's death.
We are there for those who need it most…
The Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program helps children with qualifying disabilities by providing critical financial assistance. Children and youth with specific medical conditions—whose families meet certain income and resource limits—can receive SSI from birth until age 18.
If you think your child or someone you know could be eligible for SSI, visit our webpage SSI Eligibility for Children to learn more and apply.
Assisting Youths with Disabilities Transition to Adulthood
The transition to adulthood is one of the most important periods in life’s journey. For foster children living with a disability, it can be even more challenging. Turning 18 triggers an important change in SSI benefits: Social Security must make a new determination on their SSI eligibility using the adult disability standards. About one-in-three such beneficiaries lose their SSI benefits.
For more information, please visit our spotlight page.
Social Security Children's Benefits: How They Work
Social Security is usually associated with monthly payments to retirees. However, there is another important facet of Social Security benefits—providing financial assistance to children. Children may qualify for benefits if a parent is retired, disabled, or deceased.
Children who are disabled may be eligible for Supplemental Security Income (SSI), a separate program that's also run by the Social Security Administration (SSA). Here's the lowdown on who qualifies for what.
Children may be eligible for Social Security payments based on a parent's work record.
For a child to qualify, the parent must be retired, disabled, or deceased.
Children who are disabled may be eligible for Supplemental Security Income, a separate program that's also run by the Social Security Administration.
Children can receive survivor benefits until the age of 18 or 19 if still in primary or secondary school.
The maximum family Social Security benefit ranges from 150% to 180% of the original payee's benefit.
How Children Qualify for Social Security Benefits
Eligible children can collect Social Security benefits based on a parent's work record. The parent must have earned enough Social Security credits. Biological or adopted children or stepchildren can be eligible for Social Security benefits if they meet the following criteria:
Have a parent who is disabled or retired and eligible for Social Security benefits
Are younger than 18 or are between ages 18 and 19 and are full-time high school students
Are 18 or older and disabled (as long as the disability began before they turned age 22)
The requirements for Social Security survivor benefits are similar, except that the parent must be deceased for the child to qualify.
Grandchildren or step-grandchildren can sometimes collect survivor benefits under certain circumstances.
SSI Benefits for Children
Supplemental Security Income is a separate program for Americans with limited incomes and few other resources. Recipients must generally be 65 or older, blind, or disabled. But SSI is also available to children under age 18 in certain cases. To qualify for SSI benefits:
The child must have a physical or mental impairment (or impairments) that results in marked and severefunctional limitations.
The impairment or impairments must have lasted or be expected to last for a continuous period of at least 12 months or be expected to result in death. In the case of blindness, that duration requirement doesn't apply.
A child who isn't blind must not earn more than $1,350 per month. A child who is blind must not earn more than $2,260 per month.
Decisions for granting SSI can take time. However, if a child has qualifying conditions, the Social Security Administration may begin making payments while an application is under review.
How Much Do Children Receive in Social Security Benefits?
A child may receive a Social Security benefit equal to 50% of the parent’s full retirement benefit or disability benefit. If the parent is deceased, the child is eligible to receive up to 75% of the parent’s full retirement benefit.
There is a limit to the total amount that a family can receive from Social Security based on one worker's earnings record, though. The maximum family benefit typically ranges from 150% to 180% of the parent's full benefit amount. The formula for maximum family benefits is based on a retired parent's work record. If the parent is disabled, a different formula applies.
The total average amount of monthly Social Security benefits paid to children as of 2022. Approximately 4.97 million children received benefits each month.
If the amount due to the entire family surpasses the maximum, some individual payments will be proportionately reduced. As an example, consider a retiree named June, who has a dependent child, Ruth, who is also eligible for benefits. June's full retirement amount is $1,500 per month, and her family maximum is $2,300 per month. June would receive her full $1,500, while her spouse, John, and daughter Ruth would split the remaining $800 payment, each receiving $400.
SSI benefits are determined by a different calculation, and the maximum benefit changes each year. Some states also supplement SSI. In addition, a disabled child who collects SSI may also be eligible for Medicaid to help pay for medical bills.
How to Receive Benefits
You can apply for benefits by calling 800-772-1213 or by visiting your local Social Security office. Applications for children's benefits are not accepted online. However, you may apply online for SSI for children.
The family must present the child's birth certificate, the parents' Social Security numbers (SSNs), and the child's Social Security number. Additional documents may also be required. In relevant cases, the applicant must provide a parent's death certificate and/or evidence of disability from a doctor.
If you are taking care of a child and are receiving Social Security benefits for that reason, the child's benefits may stop at a different time from your own. For example, if your child is not disabled, your benefits will end when the child turns 16 years old. If the child is disabled and you are responsible for them, your benefits may continue. For these types of specific circumstances, it’s best to contact the Social Security Administration for guidance.
If your child is disabled, the Social Security Administration offers a Disability Starter Kit that can help you navigate the process of applying for benefits.
How Soon Can Survivor Benefits for Children Be Started?
To initiate survivor benefits for children, an application and supporting documentation must be supplied to the Social Security Administration. How quickly benefits begin depends on how long it takes the agency to determine eligibility and for the applicant to submit the required documentation. However, benefits cannot be paid for the month in which the recipient died.
How Do You Use Social Security Benefits for Children of Disabled Parents?
Social security benefits for children can be used to care for their basic needs and to cover their share of living expenses. For example, it can be used for food, school supplies, rent or mortgage, and utilities.
When Do Survivor Benefits End for the Parent With Children?
Survivor benefits for the surviving child's parent end when the child turns 16. However, if the child is disabled and remains in their care, the benefits may continue indefinitely.
Benefit Development Tool: SSA
Benefit Development Resource Kit
The following section provides links to various web pages for help. Please note that web page addresses change frequently, and although the addresses were accurate at the time of this manual's release, if you are unable to access any of the web pages via the links, please refer to the main Social Security website www .socialsecurity.gov and navigate to the information you need.
Social security benefits are payments made to covered individuals based on contributions made by an employee to a social security trust fund. The Federal Insurance Contributions Act (FICA) requires that Social Security contributions be deducted from an employee's wages. The Social Security Administration (SSA) is responsible for administering Social Security benefits.
Difference between SSI and Social Security
Supplemental Security Income (SSI) is different from Social Security benefits discussed below. Unlike SSI, Social Security benefits are not based on need. Social Security benefits are payments based on employee contributions; therefore, there are no factors that determine eligibility for income or resources for Social Security benefits. The amount paid to the recipient depends on the earnings of the individual worker. Information about SSI can be found elsewhere in the manual.
Types of social security benefits
Types of social security benefits that an employee or some members of his family may receive are as follows:
Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI)
Social Security Retirement
Social security for breadwinners
Applying for Social Security benefits
A person must apply for Social Security benefits as soon as they are determined to be eligible (for information on eligibility for Social Security benefits, see . in the SSA Benefit Eligibility Chart). There is no waiting period to apply for benefits; however, there is a five-month waiting period for a disabled worker to begin receiving Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) benefits. SSDI benefits are sometimes referred to as SSDs or SSAs.
Eligibility for Social Security benefits
A person may be eligible for Social Security benefits based on their own work record or on the basis of a spouse or parent's work record. The amount of benefits depends on the employee's contributions, and there is a maximum amount of benefits paid on the employee's work record.
Note: Adult children with disabilities may be eligible for Social Security benefits based on the parent's employment history; therefore, it is important to determine whether a person's parents are working, retired, disabled, or deceased, and to apply for benefits as soon as possible after the parents stop working.
social security benefits
Social Security retirement benefits
After retirement, a person may qualify for Social Security retirement benefits. They can choose to reach full retirement age and receive full Social Security retirement benefits or retire at age 62 and receive reduced benefits. The full retirement age is gradually increasing to 67 years. Deferring the application until full retirement age, based on the applicant's year of birth, allows him or her to receive full benefits. Information about Social Security benefit levels and retirement ages can be found on the SSA website https://www.ssa.gov/benefits/retirement/ .
An insured worker's pension payment depends on his lifetime earnings. An employee's actual earnings are indexed to reflect changes in the average wage over the insured's years of service.
Survivors Social Security
Social Security Survivors are available to certain family members of a deceased worker who earned enough credits while working to be insured.
Social security survivor benefits can be paid:
Widow or widower - full pension coverage at full retirement age, or benefits already at age 60
Widow or disabled widower - from 50 years old
Widow or widower of any age if caring for a child of the deceased who is under 16 years of age or disabled and receiving Social Security benefits
Unmarried children under 18 or under 19years if they are a full-time secondary school student (under certain circumstances, benefits may be paid to stepchildren, grandchildren or adopted children)
Children of any age who became disabled before the age of 22 and remain disabled
Dependent parents aged 62 or over
For more information about survivor benefits, please visit: https://www. ssa.gov/benefits/survivors/
Disability Social Security
OPWDD people are most likely to receive Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) payments. This program provides income benefits to disabled or blind people who meet all of the following criteria: 90,003 90,026 90,027 people who have worked and paid Social Security taxes long enough to be insured with Social Security (number of credits needed to receive disability benefits, depends on the person's age at the time of disability)
They paid social security taxes in recent years
They are considered medically disabled or blind
They either do not work or work and earn less than the level of significant useful activity (SGA)
Definition of Disability
A person is considered disabled if they are unable to perform the job they were doing prior to becoming disabled or blind, and cannot adjust to other work due to their health condition. The SSA defines disability as the inability to engage in any significant paid activity due to a medically defined physical or mental disorder that either:
lasts or is expected to last at least one year; or
Expected to cause death
Significant Beneficial Activity
The SSA evaluates the employment history of a person claiming disability benefits under SSDI. SSA uses earnings guidelines to determine whether an individual's work activity is considered a Substantial Gainful Activity (SGA) and whether the individual has a disability.
SGA is the performance of significant and productive physical or mental work for pay or profit. The dollar amount is referred to as the SGA level. Individuals whose monthly earnings, on average, exceed the SGA level are considered to be in a substantial gainful occupation unless there is evidence to the contrary. A person whose average monthly earnings are below the SGA level is considered to be unemployed in the SGA. The SGA level is higher for blind people. Current SGA levels can be found at: https://www.ssa.gov/OACT/COLA/sga.html.
Child welfare benefits
Minor children may qualify for parent's workbook benefits when the parent retires, becomes disabled, or dies. An eligible child may be a biological, adopted, or stepchild. A dependent grandchild may also be eligible for benefits.
To receive the allowance, the child must:
Be under 18 years of age
Be aged 18-19 and a full-time student (not higher than grade 12)
Age 18 or older and with a disability before age 22 (see below for information on Social Security benefits for an adult child with a disability)
If a child works while receiving benefits, they are subject to the same earnings restrictions as an employee. The child's earnings only affect his own benefits. They do not affect benefits for the worker or other beneficiaries assigned to the worker. If a worker works while receiving benefits, their earnings may affect the benefits of all beneficiaries receiving benefits on the worker's track record.
Minor child benefits are "derivative" benefits based on the parent's years of service. Although the child may be disabled, benefits paid to children who have not reached the age limits listed above are not disability benefits. Generally, benefits will end when the child turns 18, however, if the child is still in full-time secondary (or elementary) school at age 18, payments will continue until graduation or two months after the child turns 19.years, whichever comes first. If the child is disabled and is 18 years of age or older (or 19 if still in primary or secondary school), a disability determination is required to receive the adult disabled child benefit.
Social Security benefits for an adult child with a disability
An unmarried child 18 years of age or older with a disability that began before age 22 may be eligible for Social Security benefits based on the parent's seniority when the parent begins receiving SSDI or retirement benefits or dies. These are Disabled Adult Child (DAC) benefits. If a person is already receiving Social Security benefits when they turn 18, an SSA statement of disability is required to receive benefits as a DAC.
Marriage of a DAC recipient to a non-recipient of Social Security disability benefits results in termination of DAC payments. If a DAC beneficiary marries a person who is receiving Social Security disability benefits at the time of the marriage, that person's DAC payments do not stop because of the marriage.
A person who loses DAC upon marriage may be eligible for DAC again if the marriage is annulled or void. An annulled or void marriage is legally non-existent under state law, with or without a court order. The parties to an invalid or annulled marriage are considered to have never been husband and wife. A person who loses DAC upon marriage will not be eligible for DAC again if the marriage ends due to death or divorce.
An individual's DAC is independent of any SSDI or DAC benefits received by their spouse. Therefore, Social Security benefits paid to a DAC recipient do not end if/when their spouse's SSDI or DAC payments end.
DAC payments end when Social Security determines that the person is no longer disabled.
Questions about whether a person is eligible for continued DAC payments or re-eligibility should be directed to the local welfare office.
For more information about Social Security Disability, visit: https://www.ssa.gov/benefits/disability/
How to apply for Social Security benefits
There are four ways to apply for Social Security benefits:
1. Online at www.ssa.gov or www.socialsecurity.gov
2. Call 1-800-772-1213
3. Mail (Specific local office can be found by zip code at www.ssa.gov or www.socialsecurity.gov.
4. In person (Specific local office can be found by zip code at www.ssa.gov or www.socialsecurity.gov
About the Interview Process
If you are not applying online, you must schedule a disability interview by calling the SSA toll-free number (1-800) to begin the application process. - 772-1213) to make an appointment DAC cannot be applied for online.0003
The disability interview lasts about one hour. When an interview is scheduled, SSA will mail a disability starter kit to the applicant. The Disability Starter Kit will help the applicant prepare for the interview. The Disability Starter Kit is also available online at www.ssa.gov or www.socialsecurity.gov.
To prepare for your interview, complete the Disability Report, Medical and Work Worksheet, and the Disability Checklist included in the kit in advance. Copies of these forms can be found on the Social Security website.
Required information about the applicant
Regardless of the type of Social Security benefit, the applicant must be prepared to provide the following information about themselves:
Name, gender, social security number
Date and place of birth
Relationship with the employee whose work book is claimed by the applicant
Birth or Baptism Certificate
Does the applicant have a legal guardian
whether they earned social security loans under the social security system of another country
Have they had an income in all years since 1978
Brief description of the places where they worked and the type of work performed
Name(s) of employer(s) or information on self-employment and earnings for the current and previous year
Copy of latest Form W-2 (Payroll and Tax Record) or, if self-employed, their most recent federal tax return
Have they received or expect to receive any money from their employer since they became disabled
Have they ever worked in the railway industry
Active military service dates prior to 1968 and any benefits they were ever entitled to from a military or civilian agency
Are they eligible or expected to receive a pension or annuity based on their employment with the US federal government or one of its states or local subdivisions
Has the applicant ever been convicted of a serious crime
Does the applicant, age 13 or older, have pending criminal arrest warrants or pending federal or state arrest warrants for parole or probation violations
In addition, in order to receive disability benefits, the applicant must provide the following:
Names, addresses and telephone numbers of doctors, employment workers, hospitals and clinics who provided treatment and dates of visits
Name(s) and strength(s) of all medicines they take
Date they became disabled due to illness, injury or health condition
Are they still unable to work
Medical records already in their possession from doctors, physicians, hospitals, clinics and welfare workers
Laboratory and test results
Have they filed or are going to apply for labor compensation or any government disability benefits
For disability benefits for adult children who became disabled before the age of 22, forms SSA-3368 and SSA-827 describing health conditions and authorizing disclosure.
SSA information (See Disability Report - Adult (SSA-3368) and Social Security Administration (SSA) Disclosure Authorization (SSA-827).
In addition to demographic and medical information, where applicable, an applicant for Social Security benefits must be prepared to provide information about their parents and/or spouse (current and any former), as well as their work history or work history, for which the applicant is applying. The following are examples of information the SSA may request:
Parent names, dates of birth and social security numbers
Does the applicant have parents who were half dependent on the worker at the time of the disability (if applicable).
If the applicant is the stepson of the worker, the date on which the worker and the applicant's parents got married.
Whether the worker is the natural or adoptive parent of the applicant
Date of adoption if adopted by an employee
Whether the applicant was adopted by someone other than an employee
Spouse's name, date of birth (or age), and social security number (if known) of current and all former spouses
Dates and places of all marriages, and for marriages that ended, how and when they ended
Has the applicant's spouse ever worked in the railway industry
Information about the applicant's children
Names of any unmarried children under the age of 18, aged 18-19 and in high school, or disabled under 22
Did the applicant have or lived with a child under the age of three during the calendar year when he was unemployed
Information about the deceased employee:
Date and place of death of the employee
State or foreign country of permanent residence of employee at death
Was the employee unable to work due to illness, injury or condition at any time during the 14 months prior to his or her death (if Yes,
SSA will also ask for the date they became disabled)
Whether the employee was on active duty prior to 1968 or ever worked in the railroad industry (if yes, SSA will ask for dates of service and if the employee has ever received a military, federal, or civilian pension).
Whether the worker received social security loans under the social security system of another country
Whether the employee was employed or self-employed in all years from 1978 to the latest year
How much the employee earned in the year of death and the year before death
Has the employee ever applied for Social Security, Medicare, or Supplemental Security Income (if yes, SSA will also ask whose Social Security record they applied for)
Whether the applicant lived with the employee at the time of death
SSA accepts photocopies of W-2 forms, self-employment tax returns, or medical records, but for most other documents, such as a birth certificate, the original must be shown (SSA will return the original documents to the applicant).
When SSA makes a decision on an application, it sends a letter to the beneficiary stating whether the application was approved or denied. If the application is approved, SSA will provide an application number, which is the employee's social security number with one of the following suffixes:
A = Self
B = Spouse
C = Child (includes DAC)
D = Widow/Widower
Benefit Determination Process
It can take three to five months for a disability claim to be processed. Once a decision has been made on the case, the SSA will send a letter to the applicant. If the application is approved, the letter will tell you the amount of the benefit and when the payment will start. If the application is not approved, the letter explains the reason for the denial and how the decision can be appealed if the applicant does not agree with it.
When benefits are paid
Social Security benefits are paid either to the person or their representative by check or direct deposit. SSA strongly recommends using Direct Deposit.
The day of the month when a person receives a benefit check depends on the date of birth of the person (employee) on whose employment record the benefit is paid. The following table details which day of each month a check or direct deposit will be received:
Employee's date of birth:
Monthly payment date
1st to 10th
11th to 20th day
21st to 31st
Social Security benefits through May 1997; or if you receive both Social Security and SSI, Social Security is paid on the third of the month.
Restrictions on Replacing Social Security Cards
A person can replace their Social Security card if it is lost or stolen. There is a limit to the issuance of three replacement cards in one year and a total of ten cards in a lifetime. Lawful name changes and immigration status changes that require a card update may not be counted against these restrictions. Limits may also not apply if the person can prove that the card is necessary to prevent significant hardship. See https://faq.ssa.gov/en-US/Topic/article/KA-02017 for more information.
Appealing an Adverse Decision
If a person disagrees with Social Security's or SSI's initial determination or decision, they can file an appeal. An appeal consists of several levels of administrative review, as listed below.
Levels of Administrative Review
Complete review of the application by SSA staff who were not involved in the first decision. You can request a retrial or an informal or formal conference. In a case review, the SSA reviews the case without meeting the person. In informal and formal conferences, a person and his representative may participate and represent witnesses. The formal conference also gives the person the opportunity to ask questions of the witnesses and gives the SSA the opportunity to request the appearance of the witnesses.
Note: SSA does not currently use the reconsideration step for a New York State disability determination, but a reconsideration may be requested in other adverse eligibility issues. Disability appeals can be filed online at: https://secure.ssa.gov/iApplsRe/start .
Administrative Judge Hearing
If the applicant does not agree with the original decision or the decision to reconsider (if applicable), a hearing may be requested. The hearing will be conducted by an administrative law judge who was not involved in the original decision or retrial.
Board of Appeals Hearing
If the applicant does not agree with the decision of the hearing, the applicant may request a review by the Social Security Board of Appeals. The Appeals Board reviews all requests for review, but it may deny the request if it believes the decision of the hearing was correct. If the Board of Appeal decides to reconsider the case, it will either decide the case itself or return it to the ALJ for further review.
Federal Court Review
If a person disagrees with the Board of Appeals' decision, or if the Board of Appeals decides not to review the case, they can file a lawsuit in federal district court. The letter SSA sends to the person about the Board of Appeal's decision will also tell you how to ask the court to hear the case.
Time limits for filing an appeal
The person has 60 days from the date of the Social Security or SSI decision letter to file an appeal. If the last day of the 60-day deadline falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or national holiday, the last day of the deadline is the next business day. SSA will assume that the person received the decision letter within five days.
days after the date in the letter, unless the person proves that they received it later.
The request for an appeal must be in writing, either using the SSA form (available from SSA upon request) or by sending a signed letter to SSA stating that the person wishes to appeal the decision, and with his social security number. If a person does not file an appeal within 60 days, they may lose their right to do so. In this case, the final decision of the SSA is final. If a person has a good reason for not filing an appeal by the deadline, they may request additional time. The person must ask SSA for more time in writing and state the reason for the delay.
Request to continue payments on appeal
A person may ask SSA to continue receiving benefits while SSA decides on the appeal if the person is appealing a decision that they can no longer receive Social Security disability benefits, because his medical condition is not a disability. In order for payments to continue, the request must be made within ten days of receiving a letter from SSA informing the person of the decision. If a person's appeal is denied, they may have to return money they were not entitled to receive.
Reimbursement Process for a Denied Appeal to an Administrative Judge
If the appeal is denied, the person and their payment representative (if applicable) will receive a notice of the Administrative Judge's decision. If SSA benefits are required, a person can pay them in a lump sum or arrange with SSA to pay benefits in installments (at least $10 per week) over 12 months. If repayment within 12 months is not possible, repayment can be spread over 36 months. Alternatively, if a person receives other benefits from SSA, they may choose to have their benefits reduced by the repayment obligation until the funds are repaid.
Representative Payment Program
Information about the duties of a beneficiary representative can be found on the Social Security website: www. ssa.gov or www.socialsecurity.gov.
Individuals moving to or living in OPWDD certified facilities may need a trustee. The agency at the place of residence must determine whether a person needs a proxy. This assessment must be completed within 10 days of admission, when moving, if there is a change in circumstances or ability to manage funds, or if the individual or someone else requests a review on their behalf. If the agency determines that a person needs a benefits representative and did not have one before, the healthcare professional must conduct an assessment and submit their findings to SSA. For more information about the responsibility of OPWDD residential care providers to help an individual manage benefits, see the OPWDD Personal Benefits Guide at: https://opwdd.ny.gov/opwdd_resources/benefits_information/personal_allowance/msc_personal_allowance_manual%20#residentialproviders .
Learn more about Social Security benefits
For more information about Social Security benefits, visit the SSA website:
www. ssa.gov or www.socialsecurity.gov.
Social Security Administration Rules Regarding Parental Income Credit for a Child with a Disability to Determine a Child's Eligibility for SSI and to Determine the SSI Benefit
This pub will tell you about the rules of "counting". This means that a portion of a parent's income and resources are considered in relation to their child when deciding SSI eligibility and benefit amounts. This pub will help you figure out how SSI counts your income. He gives examples. It tells you how to report income.
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Generally, a parent's income and money is "credited" or credited to a child receiving Supplemental Security Income (SSI). This means that a portion of the parent's income and money counts against the child in determining eligibility for SSI. This publication explains the rules for crediting income, namely the rules for determining the amount of a parent's income that is credited to a child with a disability and determining the child's eligibility for any additional social income.
Before looking at the method of calculating the amount of parental income credited to a child and the amount of SSI a child is entitled to, you need to understand how the Social Security Administration's Retrospective Monthly Accounting system works and how are your reporting obligations. The Social Security Administration only considers the income and money of the parent with whom the child on SSI lives. The Social Security Administration does not count the income or money of a parent with whom a child receiving SSI does not live. The income of a foster parent with whom a child receiving SSI lives is counted.1
Retrospective monthly calculation
The Social Security Administration uses the retrospective monthly calculation system for the period of eligibility for SSI benefits. Section 20 of the Code of Federal Regulations (C.F.R., Code of Federal Regulations), part 416.420. This means that any month's income determines your SSI benefit two months later. For example, income received in January affects the amount of the March SSI check. If, however, any month's income exceeds the maximum amount for any Supplemental Social Income, SSI for that month will be suspended. Therefore, if January's income is so high that your child is no longer eligible for SSI, January's SSI will be suspended. Your child is eligible for automatic reinstatement of benefits without filing a new petition if your income is low enough to make your child eligible for SSI in any of the next 11 months.2 Title 20 CFR Part 416.1323(b). If within 12 months your income does not drop enough for your child to be eligible for any additional social income, the suspension becomes a cessation of benefits. Title 20 CFR Part 416.1335. If your child's eligibility has been terminated, you will need to file a new petition in order for your child to be eligible for SSI again.
Obligation to report changes in parental income
In order for the Retrospective Monthly Calculation system to work, the Social Security Administration has a rule that you must notify the Social Security Administration of changes in your income by the 10th of the month following the month in which the change occurred. Section 20 CFR 416.708(c), 416.714.3 If your January income was higher or lower than your December income, you must report the change so that the Social Security Administration is aware of it by the 10th February - or better if before the 5th. You do not need to report if your income for January is the same as your income for December. When the Social Security Administration receives your January income statement, the Social Security Administration must enter the changes into the computer so that your March SSI check will be increased or decreased to reflect the change in your January income.
Below is a sample income statement form to help you meet your reporting obligations. We recommend that you partially complete the report form with the address of your department of the Social Security Administration and all the information in the heading "regarding". And then make more photocopies of the partially completed form.
For each month you have a change in income, write the date you signed the document, the month you are reporting for, and your income information at the bottom of the form. Then sign the form. Only one parent must sign the report form. Make a photocopy of the completed form or complete the second form and keep it as a copy. Attach photocopies of pay stubs or check stubs to the report form you send to the Social Security Administration. Attach the originals to the copy you keep. Do not send the originals of your pay stubs to the Social Security Administration, only photocopies.4 The Social Security Administration often loses items sent in the mail. Keep the original pay stubs and check stubs with a copy of your report form so that the Social Security Administration can review the originals during your annual review. Write the date the letter was sent on the copy of the income statement you keep.5 Keep a copy of any paperwork you send to the Social Security Administration.
In addition, keep a record of all your conversations with the Social Security Administration. Write down the date of the conversation, the name of the person you spoke to, and the content of your conversation. We recommend that you bind the documents you receive from the Social Security Administration with a 3-hole punch and make copies of all documents you send to the Social Security Administration. Keep all documents in a notebook or folder.
Cash and income not credited to children
The Social Security Administration does not consider the following funds in the context of determining a child's eligibility for SSI benefits: these funds can be converted into cash. Title 20 CFR Part 416.1202(b).
Cash used to cover costs from revenue, such as the cost of small business inventory and a running bank account, or tools, equipment, or a second car used for work or needed to commute to work. Section 42 of the United States Code (U.S.C., United States Code), part 1382b(a)(3).
The Social Security Administration does not count the following income in determining a child's eligibility for SSI:
Income received by a parent for providing In-Home Supportive Services (IHSS) to a child with a disability. Income earned from IHSS Services does not count towards determining SSI eligibility. Title 20 CFR Part 416.1161(a)(16).
Income received through the IHSS Community First Choice Option (CFCO) program provided by a parent to a child is covered by Medi-Cal and income received by the parent is not considered in determining eligibility for Medi-Cal. In addition, income and funds that are considered in determining a child's financial eligibility for SSI benefits and the amount of the child's SSI check cannot be secondary to determining eligibility of other family members for Medi-Cal.6
For more information about the IHSS (IHSS Fair Hearing and Self-Assessment) program, see our IHSS Fair Hearing and Self-Assessment Information Pack: http://www.disabilityrightsca.org/pubs/501301.htm
Child Benefit Calculation
For instructions on calculating parental child benefit income, see 20 CFR 416.1160, 416.1161, and 416.1165. “Employed income” includes wages and salaries or income from self-employment. 7 Everything else is considered “unearned income”: gifts, unemployment benefits, state disability benefits, and social security benefits are examples of unearned income. You pool your parents' unearned income. You also combine the parents' earned income. Earned income is considered gross income, not what you bring home. Gross income is the amount you earn before any deductions.8
The Social Security Administration begins by deducting contributions for every child in the family who does not have a disability, except for a child on SSI or children with disabilities. Contributions are deducted first from any unearned income and then from earned income to the extent of the unused share of the contributions (see examples). The term "child" for deductions includes children under 21 living in the same household and 21-year-olds who are full-time students under the standards of Title 20 CFR Part 416.1861. The contribution for each non-disabled child is the difference between the individual Federal Benefit Rate (FBR) and the spousal FBR. (The federal benefit rate is the portion of the SSI check amount received from the federal government; the remainder of the SSI check amount is money received from the state.)9The own income of a child who does not qualify for benefits will reduce the amount of the contribution. However, if the ineligible child is a full-time student, the money earned will not be counted to the same extent as for a child or young adult under 22 receiving SSI benefits. Title 20 CFR 416.1112(c)(3), 416.1160(d), 416.1161(c), 416.1163(b), 416.1165, 416.1861.
After deductions for children without disabilities living in the home, there will be a deduction of $20.00 from any income not included in the income assessment. It is deducted first from unearned income (if any or remaining), and then from earned income to the extent of the deduction unused by unearned income. This is followed by special deductions from earned income - first $65.00 and then 50% of the balance. Then you add the remaining amounts of unearned and earned income. From the amount received, you deduct either individual FBR (for a single parent) or spousal FBR (if both parents or a parent and a foster parent are at home). The remaining amount is credited to the child with a disability as his or her unearned income. If there is more than one child with a disability in the family, the amount credited is divided between them.
A child's SSI benefit is determined in the same way as any other SSI recipient, with two exceptions. First, only two-thirds of the amount of child support is counted. Title 20 CFR Part 416.1124(c)(11). Second, if the child is a student and does not reach age 22 in 2016, the Social Security Administration does not credit the first $1,780.00 of earned income for each month up to an annual maximum of $7,180.00. 20 CFR 416.1112(c)(3).10 This is in addition to the deductions normally applicable to earned income.
Examples of applying the rules for calculating child credit
This note includes a worksheet template (see below). You are encouraged to make several copies of this worksheet and use them to calculate your child's SSI benefit amount. In addition to this, we have attached two worksheets completed according to examples "A" and "B". These calculations are based on 2016 benefit amounts. The numbers and letters below correspond to the numbers and letters on the Child Benefit Income Worksheet.
The January 2016 Individual Federal Benefit Rate is $733.00.
The January 2014 Individual Federal Benefit Rate was $721.00.
The January 2015 Individual Federal Benefit Rate is $733.00.
The January 2016 Spousal Federal Benefit Rate is $1,100.00.
The Spousal Federal Benefit Rate for January 2014 was $1,082.00.
The January 2015 Spousal Federal Benefit Rate is $1,100.00.
January 2016 income deduction for a non-disabled child is $367. 00.
The income deduction for a child without a disability for January 2014 was $361.00.
January 2015 income deduction for a non-disabled child is $367.00.
The January 2016 SSI benefit rate for a child with a disability is $796.40.
The SSI benefit rate for a child with a disability for January 2014 was $784.40.
The January 2015 SSI benefit rate for a child with a disability is $796.40.
The January 2016 SSI benefit rate for a child with blindness is $944.40.
January 2014 SSI benefit rate for a child with blindness was $932.40.
The January 2015 SSI benefit rate for a child with blindness is $944.40.
Example A: Mr. and Mrs. Apple have three children, including Adam, who is ill. Mr. Apple's gross earned income is $2,000.00 per month. Ms. Apple works part-time and earns $1,000.00 per month. They also receive an income of $30 per month from oil field leases.
Disclaimer: This publication is for legal information only and does not constitute legal advice regarding your individual situation. It is current as of the date of publication. We try to update our content regularly. However, laws change regularly. If you want to make sure the law hasn't changed, contact the DRC or another legal office.
1. Although the Social Security Administration considers a foster parent's income and money when determining SSI eligibility, the state agency's Medi-Cal (Medicaid) agency does not. Section 42 of the United States Code, Part 1396a(a)(17)(D). For a child, Medi-Cal only considers the income and money of the parent and child. If your child is ineligible for SSI because of the income and money of the foster parent, apply for Medi-Cal under the Federal Aging Program and for Children and Adults with Disabilities Living Below the Poverty Line (A&D FPL) , Federal Poverty Level for aged and for children and adults with disabilities). If your child is not eligible for Medi-Cal under the A&D FPL program, apply for Medi-Cal under the Aged, Blind, and Medically Needed Disability (ABD, aged-blind-disabled). You can apply for Medi-Cal at your county department of social assistance. To ensure that the appropriate rules are applied, explain that your child is subject to the Sneede case (title of lawsuit).
2. To renew your child's SSI benefits, write or go to your local Social Security Administration office and let them know that your income has decreased or that your money is now within the Social Security Administration limits to qualify for benefits. . Attach proof that your income has decreased or that your money is now within the limits set by the Social Security Administration to qualify for benefits. You must specifically request a reinstatement of SSI benefits. If you are requesting recovery by mail, we advise you to do so by certified mail.
3. You must report more than just changes in income. See Title 20 CFR § 416.708. You must also tell the Social Security Administration if you move, if your child with a disability or children without a disability moves house, if a parent gets married or a parent moves out of home, or if your child with a disability moves to a residential facility. institution.
4. Some parents told us that they were told at the local offices that the Social Security Administration does not accept photocopies. This is not true. In the income change letter, you swear under penalty of perjury that the photocopies are exact copies of the original documents
5. Some families tell us that they were told at their local office of the Social Security Administration that they were not required to submit monthly income statements, that the Social Security Administration would make adjustments after the fact during the annual review. This is sometimes true, in cases where the Social Security Administration arranges for your benefits to be adjusted according to anticipated changes in your income. If you receive benefits once a week, you will receive five checks in some months instead of four; if you get biweekly benefits, twice a year you will get three checks a month instead of two. During the annual review, the Social Security Administration may make anticipated changes in your income for the following year in its program. However, if you do not receive written approval from the Social Security Administration that you do not need to report changes in your income, you must report changes in your income. If you don't and end up with extra pay, the Social Security Administration will blame you because you didn't notify them of the change in your income.
6. Title 42 of the United States Code, Part 1309, C.C.R., California Code of Regulations, Title 22, Part 50555.1. In the case of the Apple family members in Example A on page 8, the other two children would be eligible for Medi-Cal benefits from zero income. Parents may not be eligible if both of them are working. If there is only one parent in the family, or if one of the parents is unemployed or underemployed, or has a disability, including a temporary one, the parents may also be eligible for Medi-Cal coverage. If a parent receives an IHSS program to care for a child with a disability, that income is not considered in determining the child's financial eligibility for SSI, and under the IHSS First Choice of the Public program, this income is also not considered in determining Mediation eligibility. -Cal of any other members of this household.
7. If you are self-employed, the Social Security Administration will want to know your adjusted gross income. Title 20 CFR Part 416.1110(b). Bring last year's income tax return to the Social Security Administration along with your gross income for this year. The Social Security Administration will count your income tax return for last year along with your gross income for this year. The Social Security Administration will use your last year's income tax return as the basis for estimating your adjusted gross income for this year. If your gross income for the past year was $40,000 and your adjusted gross income (the amount you paid in taxes after IRS-allowed business deductions) was $18,000, or 45% of your gross income, the Social Security Administration calculates that your adjusted gross income this year will be 45% of your gross income for that year. Because self-employment income is determined on an annual basis and then spread out evenly over 12 months under section 20 CFR 416.1111(b), you will be using adjusted estimates when filing your tax return. The Social Security Administration does not consider real estate necessary to cover costs from proceeds, including for employees, as a monetary resource. Section 42 of the United States Code, Part 1382b(a)(3). This may include inventory, computers, farm equipment and livestock, agricultural land, separate business trading accounts, buildings, a fishing boat, and a car you use to work or need to commute to work. and back.
8. Some employers have benefit plans that allow you to put money into a special account to pay for child care or medical care under Section 125 of the Internal Revenue Code. Such plans are often referred to as "cafeteria plans". Money set aside in these accounts and used to pay for eligible benefits is not considered "income" because you don't pay Social Security taxes on it. Title 20 CFR Part 404.1054. To determine your eligibility for SSI benefits, your gross earned income is your gross income minus money set aside in the Benefits Cafeteria. However, cash receipts deposited in a tax-exempt retirement account are considered income. The money in the parent's retirement account is a deductible resource that is not credited to the child. Title 20 CFR Part 416.1202(b).
9. Due to the retrospective monthly calculation (see pages 1-2), the November and December income calculations must use the next year's Federal Benefit Rate. This is because the SSI check received in January and February must reflect income received and credited to the child in November and December of the previous year.
10. Annual and monthly maximums are increased each year by the amount of the annual cost of living allowance. Title 20 CFR Part 416.112(c)(3)(B). Regulations provide flexibility and accommodation for health conditions in defining a child or young adult as a student in the context of a deduction from earned income.