Red or pink rash over large parts or most of the body (widespread)
Sometimes, just on hands, feet and buttocks - but same on both sides of body
Small spots, large spots or solid red skin
Causes of Widespread Rash or Redness
Viral Rash. Most rashes are part of a viral illness. Viral rashes usually have small pink spots. They occur on both sides of the chest, stomach and back. Your child may also have a fever with some diarrhea or cold symptoms. They last 2 or 3 days. More common in the summer.
Roseola. This is the most common viral rash in the first 3 years of life. (See details below).
Chickenpox. A viral rash with a distinctive pattern. (see that Care Guide)
Hand-Foot and-Mouth Disease. A viral rash with a distinctive pattern. It starts with tiny red spots and blisters on the palms and soles. (see that Care Guide)
Monkeypox. A rare viral rash that often starts on the face or genital area. It then spreads to the arms and legs. Not usually seen in children unless someone in the home has monkeypox.
Scarlet Fever. Scarlet Fever is a speckled, red rash all over. Has a sandpaper feel. Caused by the Strep bacteria. Starts on upper chest and quickly spreads to lower chest and stomach. No more serious than a Strep throat infection without a rash.
Drug Rash. Most rashes that start while taking an antibiotic are viral rashes. Only 10% turn out to be allergic drug rashes. (see details below)
Hives. Raised pink bumps with pale centers. Hives look like mosquito bites. Rashes that are bumpy and itchy are often hives. Most cases of hives are caused by a virus. Hives can also be an allergic reaction. (See that Care Guide for details)
Heat Rash. A fine pink rash caused by overheating. Mainly involves neck, chest and upper back.
Insect Bites. Insect bites cause small red bumps. Flying insects can cause many bumps on exposed skin. Non-flying insects are more likely to cause localized bumps.
Hot Tub Rash. Causes small red bumps that are painful and itchy. Mainly occurs on skin covered by a bathing suit. Rash starts 12-48 hours after being in hot tub. Caused by overgrowth of bacteria in hot tubs.
Petechiae Rash (Serious). Petechiae are purple or dark red colored tiny dots. They come from bleeding into the skin. Scattered petechiae with a fever are caused by Meningococcemia until proven otherwise. This is a life-threatening bacterial infection of the bloodstream. Peak age is 3 to 6 months old. Unlike most pink rashes, petechiae don't fade when pressed on.
Purpura Rash (Serious). Purpura means bleeding into the skin. It looks like purple or dark red larger spots. Widespread purpura is always an emergency. It can be caused by a bacterial bloodstream infection. Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever is an example.
Blister Rash (Serious). Widespread blisters on the skin are a serious sign. It can be caused by infections or drugs. Stevens Johnson Syndrome is an example.
Caution. All widespread rashes with fever need to be seen. They need to be diagnosed. Reason: some serious infections that can cause this type of rash.
Drugs and Rashes
Prescription medicines sometimes cause widespread rashes. Some are allergic, but most are not.
Non-prescription (OTC) medicines rarely cause any rashes.
Most rashes that occur while taking an OTC medicine are viral rashes.
Fever medicines (acetaminophen and ibuprofen) cause the most needless worry. Reason: most viral rashes start with a fever. Hence, the child is taking a fever medicine when the rash starts.
Drug rashes can't be diagnosed over the phone.
Roseola - A Classic Rash
Most children get Roseola between 6 months and 3 years of age.
Rash: pink, small, flat spots on the chest and stomach. Then spreads to the face.
Classic feature: 3 to 5 days of high fever without a rash or other symptoms.
The rash starts 12 to 24 hours after the fever goes away.
The rash lasts 1 to 3 days.
By the time the rash appears, the child feels fine.
Treatment: the rash is harmless. Creams or medicines are not needed.
Localized Versus Widespread Rash: How to Decide
Localized means the rash occurs on one small part of the body. Usually, the rash is just on one side of the body. An example is a rash on 1 foot. Exceptions: athlete's foot can occur on both feet. Insect bites can be scattered.
Widespread means the rash occurs on larger areas. Examples are both legs or the entire back. Widespread can also mean on most of the body surface. Widespread rashes always occur on matching (both) sides of the body. Many viral rashes are on the chest, stomach and back.
The cause of a widespread rash usually spreads through the blood stream. Examples are rashes caused by viruses, bacteria, toxins, and food or drug allergies.
The cause of a localized rash usually is just from contact with the skin. Examples are rashes caused by chemicals, allergens, insect bites, ringworm fungus, bacteria or irritants.
This is why it's important to make this distinction.
When to Call for Rash or Redness - Widespread
Call 911 Now
Purple or blood-colored spots or tiny dots with fever within the last 24 hours
Trouble breathing or swallowing
Not moving or too weak to stand
You think your child has a life-threatening emergency
Call Doctor or Seek Care Now
Bright red skin that peels off in sheets
Large blisters on skin
Bloody crusts on the lips
Taking a prescription medication within the last 3 days
Your daughter is having her period and using tampons
Your child looks or acts very sick
You think your child needs to be seen, and the problem is urgent
Contact Doctor Within 24 Hours
Widespread rash, but none of the symptoms above. Reason: all widespread rashes need to be checked by a doctor.
Seattle Children's Urgent Care Locations
If your child’s illness or injury is life-threatening, call 911.
Care Advice for Widespread Rashes
What You Should Know About Widespread Rashes:
Most rashes with small pink spots all over are part of a viral illness.
This is more likely if your child has a fever. Other symptoms (like diarrhea) also point to a viral rash.
Here is some care advice that should help until you talk with your doctor.
Non-Itchy Rash Treatment:
If you suspect a heat rash, give a cool bath.
Otherwise, no treatment is needed.
Itchy Rash Treatment:
Wash the skin once with soap to remove any irritants.
Steroid Cream. For relief of itching, use 1% hydrocortisone cream (such as Cortaid). Put it on the most itchy areas. No prescription is needed. Do this 3 times per day.
Cool Bath. For flare-ups of itching, give your child a cool bath. Do not use soap. Do this for 10 minutes. Caution: avoid any chill. Option: Can add 2 ounces (60 mL) of baking soda per tub.
Scratching. Try to keep your child from scratching. Cut the fingernails short. Reason: prevents a skin infection from bacteria.
Allergy Medicine for Itching. If itching becomes severe, give an allergy medicine, such as Benadryl. No prescription is needed. Age limit: 1 and older. If needed longer than a few days, switch to a long-acting antihistamine, such as Zyrtec. Age limit: 2 and older.
For fevers above 102° F (39° C), give an acetaminophen product (such as Tylenol).
Another choice is an ibuprofen product (such as Advil).
Note: Fevers less than 102° F (39° C) are important for fighting infections.
For all fevers: Keep your child well hydrated. Give lots of cold fluids.
Return to School:
Most viral rashes can be spread to others (especially if a fever is present).
If your child has a fever, avoid contact with other children. Also, avoid pregnant women until a diagnosis is made.
For minor rashes, your child can return after the fever is gone.
For major rashes, your child can return to school after the rash is gone. If your doctor has given medical clearance, your child can return sooner.
What to Expect:
Most viral rashes go away within 48 hours.
Call Your Doctor If:
You think your child needs to be seen
Your child becomes worse
And remember, contact your doctor if your child develops any of the 'Call Your Doctor' symptoms.
Disclaimer: this health information is for educational purposes only. You, the reader, assume full responsibility for how you choose to use it.
Childhood rashes are common and aren't usually a cause for concern. Most rashes are harmless and disappear without the need for treatment.
However, see your GP if your child has a rash and seems unwell, or if you're worried. They'll be able to investigate the cause and recommend any necessary treatment.
This page may give you a better idea about what could be causing the rash, but don't use this to self-diagnose your child's condition – always see a GP for a proper diagnosis.
The most common causes of rashes in children are:
hand, foot and mouth disease
keratosis pilaris ("chicken skin")
slapped cheek syndrome
Although meningitis has become less common over recent years, it's important to be aware of the rash and the other signs and symptoms of meningitis.
Cellulitis is an infection of the deeper layers of skin and underlying tissue. The affected area will be red, painful, swollen and hot. It often affects the legs, but can occur anywhere on the body. Your child will probably also have a fever.
See your GP immediately if an area of your child's skin suddenly turns red, hot and tender. If you can't see your GP on the same day, go to a walk-in centre or minor injuries unit.
Cellulitis can usually be diagnosed by assessing the symptoms and examining the skin. It usually responds well to treatment with antibiotics.
Chickenpox is a viral illness that most children catch at some point. It most commonly affects children under 10 years of age.
A rash of itchy spots turns into fluid-filled blisters. They crust over to form scabs, which after a while drop off. Some children only have a few spots, whereas others have them over their entire body. The spots are most likely to appear on the face, ears and scalp, under the arms, on the chest and belly, and on the arms and legs.
There's no specific treatment for chickenpox, but you can take steps to relieve the symptoms. For example, paracetamol can help relieve fever (don't give aspirin to children under 16), and calamine lotion and cooling gels can be used to ease itching.
Read more about treating chickenpox.
Eczema is a long-term condition that causes the skin to become itchy, red, dry and cracked. The most common type is atopic eczema, which mainly affects children but can continue into adulthood.
Atopic eczema commonly develops behind the knees or on the elbows, neck, eyes and ears. It isn't a serious condition, but if your child later becomes infected with the herpes simplex virus, it can cause the eczema to flare up into an outbreak of tiny blisters called eczema herpeticum, and will cause a fever.
About one in five children in the UK has eczema, and in eight out 10 cases it develops before the age of five, often before a child's first birthday.
Read about treating atopic eczema.
Erythema multiforme is a skin rash (usually mild) that's caused by an allergic reaction to the herpes simplex virus.
The spots look like targets, with a dark red centre and paler ring around the outside. The hands or feet tend to be affected first, followed by the limbs, upper body and face.
Your child will probably feel unwell and may have a fever, which you should be able to treat with over-the-counter medicine. It may take from two to six weeks before they feel better. See your GP if your child has a rash and seems unwell.
In rare cases, erythema multiforme can be triggered by a reaction to certain medications, such as an antibiotic or anticonvulsant. This more severe form is called Stevens-Johnson syndrome and it can be life-threatening.
Hand, foot and mouth disease
Hand, foot and mouth disease is a common, contagious infection that causes mouth ulcers and spots and blisters on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet.
It's most common in young children (particularly those under 10), but it can also affect older children and adults.
There's no cure for hand, foot and mouth disease and it's easily spread, so you should keep your child away from school or nursery until they're better. Your child's immune system will fight the virus and it should clear up after about seven to 10 days.
Make sure your child drinks plenty of fluid, and if eating and swallowing is uncomfortable, give them soft foods, such as mashed potatoes, yoghurt and soup.
Impetigo is a common and highly contagious skin infection that causes sores and blisters. It isn't usually serious and often improves within a week of treatment. There are two types of impetigo – bullous and non-bullous.
Bullous impetigo typically affects the trunk (the area of the body between the waist and neck), and causes fluid-filled blisters that burst after a few days to leave a yellow crust.
Non-bullous impetigo typically affects the skin around the nose and mouth, causing sores that quickly burst to leave a yellow-brown crust.
See your GP if you think your child has impetigo. Antibiotics, in the form of a cream or tablets, will be prescribed. This should reduce the length of the illness to around seven to 10 days.
Keratosis pilaris ("chicken skin")
Keratosis pilaris is a common and harmless skin condition. The skin on the back of the upper arms becomes rough and bumpy, as if covered in permanent goose pimples. Sometimes, the buttocks, thighs, forearms and upper back can also be affected.
Keratosis pilaris typically begins in childhood and gets worse during puberty. Some people find it improves after this and may even disappear in adulthood.
There's no cure for keratosis pilaris, and it often gets better on its own without treatment. However, there are some measures you can take that may improve your child's rash, such as using non-soap cleansers rather than soap, and an emollient to moisturise their skin. Your GP or pharmacist will be able to recommend a suitable cream.
Measles is a highly infectious illness that most commonly affects young children. It's now rare in the UK because of the effectiveness of the measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine.
The measles rash is red-brown blotches. It usually starts on the head or upper neck and then spreads outwards to the rest of the body. Your child may also have a fever and cold-like symptoms.
Call your GP surgery immediately if you think your child has measles. It's best to phone before visiting because the surgery may need to make arrangements to reduce the risk of spreading the infection to others.
Measles usually passes in about seven to 10 days without causing further problems. Paracetamol or ibuprofen can be used to relieve fever, aches and pains (don't give aspirin to children under 16). Also, make sure your child drinks plenty of water to avoid dehydration.
Read more about treating measles.
Molluscum contagiosum is a viral skin infection that causes clusters of small, firm, raised spots to develop on the skin.
It commonly affects young children aged one to five years, who tend to catch it after close physical contact with another infected child.
The condition is usually painless, although some children may experience some itchiness. It usually goes away within 18 months without the need for treatment.
Molluscum contagiosum is highly infectious. However, most adults are resistant to the virus, which means they're unlikely to catch it if they come into contact with it.
Pityriasis rosea is a relatively common skin condition that causes a temporary rash of raised, red scaly patches to develop on the body. Most cases occur in older children and young adults (aged between 10 and 35).
The rash can be very itchy. In most cases, it clears up without treatment in 2 to 12 weeks, although in rare cases it can last up to five months.
Emollients, steroid creams and antihistamines can be used to help relieve the itchiness. The rash doesn't usually leave scars, although the skin can sometimes be discoloured afterwards.
Prickly heat (heat rash)
Prickly heat (heat rash), also known as miliaria, is an itchy rash of small, raised red spots that causes a stinging or prickly sensation on the skin.
It occurs when the sweat ducts in the outer layer of skin (epidermis) are obstructed. You can get a heat rash anywhere on your body, but the face, neck, back, chest or thighs are most often affected.
Infants can sometimes get a prickly heat rash if they sweat more than usual – for example, when it's hot and humid or if they're overdressed. It isn't a serious condition and rarely requires any specific treatment.
Psoriasis is a long-lasting (chronic) skin condition that causes red, flaky, crusty patches of skin covered with silvery scales.
The severity of psoriasis varies greatly from person to person. For some people, it's just a minor irritation, but for others it can have a major impact on their quality of life.
There's no cure for psoriasis, but there are a number of treatments that can help improve the symptoms and appearance of skin patches. For example, topical corticosteroids are creams and ointments that can be applied to the skin.
Ringworm is a highly infectious fungal skin infection that causes a ring-like red or silvery patch on the skin that can be scaly, inflamed or itchy.
Ringworm often affects the arms and legs, but it can appear almost anywhere on the body. Other similar fungal infections can affect the scalp, feet, groin and nails.
Ringworm can usually be easily treated with antifungal medicines, which are available from a pharmacy. Ringworm of the scalp can cause scaling and patches of hair loss. It's treated with antifungal tablets, often combined with antifungal shampoo.
Scabies is a contagious skin condition that's intensely itchy. It's caused by tiny mites that burrow into the skin.
In children, scabies is usually spread through prolonged periods of skin-to-skin contact with an infected adult or child – for example, during play fighting or hugging.
The mites like warm places, such as skin folds, between the fingers, under fingernails, or around the buttock creases. They leave small red blotches, which are often found on the palms of the hands or soles of the feet. In infants, blisters are commonly found on the soles of the feet.
See your GP if you think your child has scabies. It's not usually a serious condition, but it does need to be treated. Your GP will prescribe a lotion or cream. Read more about treating scabies.
Scarlet fever is a highly contagious bacterial infection that usually affects children between two and eight years of age. It causes a distinctive pink-red rash, which feels like sandpaper to touch and may be itchy.
It often starts with a sore throat, fever and headache, with the rash developing two to five days after infection. The rash usually occurs on the chest and stomach before spreading to other areas of the body, such as the ears and neck.
Scarlet fever usually clears up after about a week, but see your GP if you think your child may have it. Antibiotics are used to treat it (liquid antibiotics, such as penicillin or amoxicillin, are often used to treat children).
Slapped cheek syndrome
Slapped cheek syndrome – also known as fifth disease or parvovirus B19 – is a viral infection that's common in children aged six to 10.
It causes a distinctive bright red rash to develop on both cheeks. This can look alarming, but it usually clears up by itself in one to three weeks.
Unless your child is feeling unwell, they don't need to stay away from school. Once the rash appears, the infection is no longer contagious. However, it's a good idea to notify your child's school about the infection.
Urticaria – also known as hives, weals, welts or nettle rash – is a raised, itchy rash that can affect one part of the body or be spread across large areas. It's a common skin reaction that often affects children.
Urticaria occurs when a trigger causes high levels of histamine and other chemical messengers to be released in the skin. These substances cause the blood vessels in the skin to open up, resulting in redness or pinkness, and swelling and itchiness.
There are many possible triggers of urticaria, including allergens, such as food or latex, irritants, such as nettles, medicines, and physical factors, such as heat or exercise. Sometimes, a cause can't be identified.
The rash is usually short-lived and mild, and can often be controlled with antihistamines.
Causes of rashes in children
Naturally, only a pediatrician, dermatologist or allergist can correctly determine the cause of rashes , diagnose and prescribe treatment for a child. But parents themselves can provide initial assistance, relieve itching and help the baby, knowing the main signs and causes of the rash . At the first stage, it is important to determine the nature of the rash - infectious , allergic or none of the above.
Causes of rashes in children:
1. Newborn acne . For the first time may occur in newborns at the age of 1 - 2 months. As a rule, such rashes are hormonal in nature, are not contagious and are not allergies . A rash in the form of pimples, sometimes with a white dot in the middle, appears on the head, body of the baby. If there are no purulent compartments, then the rash goes away on its own and does not require treatment. Acne can also occur in teenagers. They most often appear on the face as black dots and are associated with hormonal changes in the body of a teenager and increased work of the sebaceous glands. To prevent acne, there are cosmetic lotions, washing gels and other products. In case of inflammation, it is better to seek advice from a pediatric dermatologist or cosmetologist, because. antibiotic treatment may be needed;
2. Urticaria is an allergic reaction on the skin of a child, accompanied by itching and blisters on various parts of the body, in some cases fever and disturbed chair child. The blisters appear suddenly and can disappear just as quickly, but sometimes they disappear only after a few days. The causes of urticaria can be various factors: hormonal disorders, malfunctions of the liver, kidneys, consumption of foods that caused an allergic reaction (fish, eggs, citrus fruits, etc.), insect bites, reaction to sunlight, temperature changes, emotional stress etc. Urticaria can be chronic and not go away for a long time, and acute - disappearing after a few hours. For the treatment of urticaria, it is important to identify the underlying cause that caused it;
3. Food allergy manifests itself as pinkish red spots . It is slightly convex, edematous in places of scratching and is accompanied by itching. It is localized, as a rule, on the baby's cheeks, but can also appear on other parts of the body. It can occur in both infants and adolescents. If the baby is breastfed, then the allergy that has arisen is associated with the products consumed by the mother. If the newborn is artificially fed, then an allergic reaction may appear on the mixture. In older children, food allergies can be caused by fish, eggs, nuts, chocolate, strawberries, and other foods;
Allergy, as a rule, is accompanied by edema, which, in turn, if not properly treated and provided with untimely assistance, causes suffocation . If an allergy of any nature occurs, a pediatrician's consultation is required to help in choosing the optimal mixture for the baby, or a pediatric dermatologist - allergist to refer older children to laboratory tests ;
4. Household allergies . It can occur in both newborns and older children. It usually appears as pimples all over the body and is accompanied by lachrymation, sneezing. The causes of such a reaction of the body can be washing powder and other detergents, dust, plants, animal hair, etc. An allergic rash differs from an infectious rash in that the child does not have a temperature with it, he does not have general ailments, there is no loss of appetite, drowsiness;
5. Prickly heat . It occurs mainly in infants. It manifests itself in the form of red pimples all over the body, especially in the inguinal zone. The affected areas must be smeared with a special baby cream, air baths more often for the baby and a diaper change;
6. Roseola (erythema infectiosum) is an acute childhood viral disease affecting only children under 2 years of age. Very often, roseola is confused with SARS or rubella . At the beginning of the illness, the baby's temperature rises sharply, which lasts 3-5 days, and after that the child becomes covered with a red-pink rash that disappears in 5-7 days. This is not a dangerous disease, it does not require treatment, and if it occurs, the child should be given only antipyretic drugs;
7. Windmill . This is a common childhood infectious disease that requires treatment. The incubation period of this disease can last from 11 to 21 days. Occurs at any age. It is accompanied by a rash on the skin and mucous membranes in the form of red spots, in the center of which blisters with a yellowish liquid are localized. Accompanied by itching. As the disease progresses, the blisters burst, crusts form, leaving scars if the child has scratched the blister and brought the infection. The disease can also cause fever and headache;
8. Measles is an acute infectious disease that is quite rare due to the use of vaccinations. In addition, this virus is rarely activated in babies under 8 months old, because. they are protected by their mother's immunity. The disease begins with symptoms of a common cold - coughing, lacrimation, sneezing and fever up to 40 C. Then the child develops white spots on the mucous surface of the cheeks, nasal discharge, severe headache, photophobia. Then, within a few days, red spots of various shapes appear on the face, neck, near the head and further throughout the body. The disease is contagious within a week of the onset of the first symptoms. The virus is dangerous with complications such as: meningitis pneumonia development of deafness, brain damage and even death;
9. Scarlet fever is an acute infectious streptococcal disease. Begins with sore throat, high fever, enlarged tonsils , in some cases with plaque. Then a small dotted rash appears on the back, chest, knees, armpits, groin and quickly spreads throughout the body and face. Only the area around the mouth remains white. Throat and tongue become very red. By the end of the disease, peeling of the skin on the toes and hands begins;
10. Rubella is an acute infectious disease . The disease begins with a slight increase in temperature and enlargement of the lymph nodes in the parotid and cervical region. A small rash also appears on the face and behind the ears, and then all over the body. Rubella is very dangerous for pregnant women, and complications can occur in older children and adolescents. In children, the disease proceeds in a fairly mild form;
11. Meningitis is an inflammation of the membranes of the brain and spinal cord. Rash in meningitis is not the main symptom. However, with this disease, rashes appear on the back of the throat, as well as on the hips, back, buttocks in the form of a red rash of various shapes. Symptoms of meningitis include very high fever, severe headache, vomiting, photophobia, and neck muscle tension. At the slightest suspicion of meningitis, parents should immediately consult a doctor. Timely help with this disease will save the child's life;
12. Streptoderma is a skin infection caused by Staphylococcus aureus. The disease affects, as a rule, the paranasal and perioral region. In the beginning, redness appears around the nose and mouth, then small bubbles with liquid. When they burst, yellow crusts remain. The disease may be accompanied by fever;
13. Herpes is an infectious disease accompanied by the appearance of blisters on the skin and mucous membranes, in children it is most often located on the lips. This disease is extremely rare in newborns, because. they are given maternal immunity. It affects children from 3 to 4 years of age. In addition to a rash, the disease may be accompanied by a sore throat, fever.
There are a lot of skin rashes and diseases in children, they can be very similar, but some are completely harmless to your child's health, while others pose a threat not only to the general condition, but also to the child's life! Do not take risks, and if you have any doubts, if any spots, rashes and other symptoms appear, contact your pediatrician, who, if necessary, will refer you and your child to a pediatric dermatologist, allergist, neurologist or other highly specialized specialist, depending on the nature of the rash and the severity of the skin disease.
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Skin rash in a child causes and diagnostic rules
From the condition of the skin, you can determine whether the function of the body is impaired. The rash varies in small red, intermittent, patchy, colorless, watery, vacant, itchy, knots and nodules. Children's rashes are much more common than adults. Basically, this is due to the influence of external factors (sunlight, temperature, humidity, harmful substances, chemicals, etc.) on the skin. The skin is also affected by the body's process and disease.
If you have a rash in a child, you should consult a pediatric dermatologist. The First Children's Medical Center provides competent pediatric dermatologist services in Saratov. Here you can not only get your doctor's advice, but also take all the necessary tests and hear the opinions of related experts. By contacting a doctor in a timely manner, you can find the cause of the rash, remove it and eliminate the risk of recurrence and complications.
Causes of rashes
The reason for this is physiological, which is accompanied by a natural reaction to the process of the body. In addition, the background may have a pathological cause.
So we can conclude that baby rashes don't come out without a reason.
From a parent's point of view, every breakthrough looks almost the same. However, it can distinguish the first primary rash, and not the primary rash or near the primary rash can be distinguished over time.
Types of rashes
Various childhood diseases appear as a combination of primary and secondary symptoms. The primary rash is different. It is important for parents to respond quickly and confirm the formation formed in the child's body.
The bumpy details of these rashes are all deep in the dermis, in other words, the rash is not a surface. There is no cavity, it looks a bit like tuberculosis, and the color of the skin may change to red or purple.
Blister (blister). Therefore, people name most of the things that can be done on the skin. However, the blisters are actually pink rounded shapes and there are no cavities or contents. True blisters are short, last for a few minutes to a few hours, and then disappear without a trace. For example, there is a burning.
Water blister rash. This rash is also called nodularity because the appearance is similar to nodules with different skin colors and undertones. Papules are superficial and deep, and papules may disappear without a trace.
Water blister rash. This rash looks like a blister on the skin. In some cases, a colorless or bloody serum may be hidden. COSS integrate alone or merge to form many rooms. Open blisters are the same size as the bottom of the blisters and leave skin on skin.
Pompholygous (with two sexes). This type of rash also appears in the form of a whistle, but it is characterized by a more impressive size, 5 mm or more in diameter, compared to a small whistle. Such blisters may contain mucus or serum content as small whirlpools.
Tunu pustules are eruptions of abscesses. From superficial to deep skin. The opening of superficial pustules passes without a trace. Opened medium-deep pustules (boils, carbuncles) can cause severe scarring and scarring.
Rash on the body. This type of rash does not appear on the surface of the skin, but is characterized by a change in the shade of some parts of the body. Such rashes are vascular or petrifying.
Roseola is the name given to a rash that occurs in many infectious conditions. All elements of a pink or moderately reduced rash. The structure of roseola resembles spots. When stretched or pressed on the skin, the rash turns pale and disappears for a while.
hemorrhagic rash. This type of rash appears as red blood that forms at the sites of ruptured blood vessels. Stretching the skin does not stop the bleeding.
The appearance of the secondary rash is also different. Represents a bench, with the transformation of elements of the primary rash (usually blisters or pustules) into crusts after opening. Growth is often seen as secondary symptoms such as fissures, erosions, abrasions of epithelial cells, abrasions, scars and ulcers.
Where a skin rash can appear
A small, red rash is a type of rash that is more common in children of all ages, especially in early childhood, kindergarten, and high school.
On the hairline, face, armpits, shoulders, abdomen, back, buttocks, groin and groin, small, non-dominant rashes can be seen. Such rashes are caused by allergies (food, drug, cosmetic). It can also be the result of overheating or non-compliance with sanitary rules. This leads to chafing and knocking. In one-year-olds, the rash may cover the head as the skin regulates body temperature.
The skin on the face may be covered with red rashes in some viral diseases. A child may develop a rash on his face if he does not receive suspicious new foods or medicines and does not change his lifestyle. In this case, it is necessary to take a temperature measurement and contact a pediatrician.
Red rashes of various sizes and types may appear on the arms and legs of children due to viral or bacterial infections, red fever, measles or leukemia.
Colorless rashes become more visible over time and are much more difficult to detect. Often these types of rashes indicate the early stages of allergy development. An almost invisible rash that is colorless or very pale may cover the body and be rough to the touch. It resembles a gooseberry, runs over the skin during chills and chills. Eruptions occur close to each other and can be huge.
A watery rash is a clear sign of infections, allergies, insect bites, and sunburn.
These areas may develop blisters filled with fluid.
On the face (orbital triangle, lips, nose).
For ribs, limbs, genitals, groin, inner waist, etc.
near the anus.
In this case, the development of an infection originating from blisters or herpes is suspected. In much the same way, allergic reactions to the use of skin care products, in contact with chemicals and toxins, have caused local reactions resembling chemical burns.
Due to prolonged exposure to the sun, foamy rashes on the skin can turn red, causing the skin to turn red and slightly swollen.
When blisters appear on the skin of the hands and feet, "dyshidrosis" is possible, which is a blockage of the sweat glands. Blisters on the palms and heels are caused by the development of a fungal disease.
Purulent rash is characteristic of bacterial infections. Such diseases most often develop under the influence of Staphylococcus aureus. It may also be due to the impact on the body of epidermal staphylococcus aureus, streptococcus and other microorganisms.
Similar rashes can appear microscopically on the skin, wounds, wounds, which facilitates the penetration of internal microorganisms. Also, if the rash initially itches and itches and the baby begins to comb it, it becomes infected with bacteria and pustules appear.
Pustules on the knees and elbows in childhood can occur as a result of frequent falls and frequent skin injuries. The formation of a deep abscess is called a pyometra.
What parents need to do
To assess this condition, the parent should examine the child's skin and remove clothing. It is necessary to determine the nature of the rash (vesicles, opacities, papules, etc.) and the area. It is necessary to remember and analyze the state before the rash appears.
You will then have your temperature taken, your neck and tonsils examined, and other signs checked. You need to decide whether to call a doctor at home or visit a medical facility yourself.
What Not to Do When You Have a Rash
Compression of pustules.
Comb the rash.
Self processing -.
Since the application on fair skin complicates the diagnostic measures.
Do not forget that there are infectious diseases with rashes. In this regard, you should refrain from visiting the clinic with your child, as you can infect someone else in the hope that your turn will come. In such cases, it is recommended to call a doctor at home.
Diagnosis of the disease
Before treating a rash, it is important to find out the real cause of the rash. The choice of treatment depends on what caused the rash.
This is a diagnosis.
are removed from the skin.
Accumulation of fluid contained in vesicles and pustules.
Get blood, stool, and urine tests.
If necessary, you can visit a specialist nearby, such as a pediatrician, allergist, infectious disease specialist or gastroenterologist.
The treatment of rashes does not consist only of local treatment. To fix the problem, complex treatment is usually required. The main goal is to change the baby's habitat, revise the menu, take medicine.
Pediatric Dermatology Treatment
If a rash develops on a child's skin, it is important not to treat it alone, as treatment may worsen symptoms. If you have modulated your child's skin, you need to ask your child's dermatologist for help.
The pediatrician at the pediatric medical center will be diagnosed with the latest research methods. As a result of the test, if it is found that the skin disease is a symptom of other diseases, dermatologists consult, treat and treat them with the help of relevant specialists (digestive, allergic department, endocrinology, gynecology, surgery, etc.). request.
Reservations for pediatric dermatologists in Saratov are accepted from 8.00 to 20.00 at the first DMC by calling (8452) 244-000. Reception will be made in advance.
Food allergy is a pathological reaction of the body to food ingredients. In this article, pediatrician Olga Nikolaevna Trekteteva explains in detail the symptoms of an allergy to a newborn and treatment.
Children's food allergies are said to be around 10%. This is quite a large percentage, and the increase was recently increased. It is not unusual for a mother who complains of her child's food allergy symptoms to see pediatrics. In order to effectively treat children's food allergies, doctors must not only prescribe medications, but also explain the rules of child care and explain the subtle differences in food therapy.
The genetic background is important in the onset of an allergy. Therefore, if moms and dads have an allergic reaction, children can also cause higher food intolerances.
Types of food allergies in infants
Food allergies are roughly divided into two types: a reaction that occurs immediately after ingestion and an accumulated allergy. To cause an allergic reaction, allergens must be repeated into the body. Allergies are divided into types of skin symptoms, food, breath, etc. , depending on the most damaged organ system.
Food allergy symptoms in infants
1. Food allergy symptoms vary. The most common symptoms are a rash. Immediately after the allergen invades the body, hives can occur, which is an acute allergic reaction. A bright red swelling appears on the baby's skin with different sizes and shapes. Clear bubbles may appear in the center of the spot. The size varies from a few millimeters to several centimeters. This rash usually occurs within 1-3 days. But showing the child to the teacher is still worth it. Sometimes kids need to be prescribed medication so they get more immediate help in major rashes and places of failure. It is necessary to remember which product caused such a reaction and no longer gives.
2. Other types of rash are not as severe. Therefore, it may not be possible to clearly define the relationship between exterior and product. Such a battle is usually not bright, small. It tends to be a wave current. The rash usually becomes bright in the evening and becomes thinner in the morning. The skin is dry, peeled, and sometimes cracked. It can often be done on the cheek, buttocks, outer waist, and arms. This type of rash requires special medical expert precautions and special treatments.
The most common symptoms are digestive symptoms. Swelling of the oral mucosa, swelling of the esophagus, single or frequent vomiting. In many cases, these symptoms strongly appear immediately after the use of allergens. In addition, children may suffer from abdominal pain. Sometimes you become sullen, get up or twist your legs. Food allergies can appear when the stool becomes loose. Both diarrhea and constipation can occur. Significant signs of a food allergy include large amounts of backflow, slight weight gain, anorexia, and weakness. Gastrointestinal symptoms may not be accompanied by a rash.
4 Respiratory symptoms may appear in infancy, although the incidence is low. When food enters the mucous membrane, swelling of the upper respiratory tract can occur. It is an acute, life-threatening disease. You need to consult a doctor immediately. If you are exposed to allergens for a long time, you may develop allergic rhinitis or asthma. In many cases, this reaction does not occur after swallowing food, but after inhaling particles. The most common cause of respiratory allergies is inhaling the smoke that comes out when you cook or fry fish.
In addition, there is also a serious acute allergic reaction such as Quinkehremen and anaphylactic shock. Such a reaction occurs immediately after contact with allergens and develops very quickly. This is extremely rare and requires urgent medical attention.
Causes of food allergies in newborns
It is very rare for a newborn baby to cause food allergies. Babies receive only breast milk. This is food made by nature for a child, and there will be nothing else. Therefore, the peak food allergy for breast milk is considered to be around 4-5 months after birth, which begins to produce additional foods that are added to breast milk, such as vegetables, fruits, grains, meats, and dairy products. In the case of a child raised in milk, the situation is slightly different. Powdered milk itself can cause food intensity. Therefore, when choosing a mixture, it is better to consult an expert.
What is the most common allergen in infants?
1. 1st place is intensity for milk proteins. Most modern baby milk is based on milk proteins. For this reason, the child causes allergies in the mixture. Also, if the mother's diet is rich in dairy products, babies who are breastfeeding may also react to milk. It is not a specific milk component or powdered milk. Milk ingredients contain many proteins such as albumin, globulin and casein. Some of them can cause allergic reactions, while others do not. Casein makes up about 80% of all milk protein. The ingredients contained in milk are the same as goat's milk. This explains that the baby has a crossover reaction to milk and goat milk. Therefore, if the milk is intolerable, it is not recommended to replace it with a recipe using goat milk or goat milk for baby food. Certain proteins are destroyed by heat treatment. This is because the reactivity of boiled milk (ability to react) is low. There is a protein similar to that of beef and calf. In intolerance to this kind of protein, children will cross milk and meat products.
2. The next most common cause of a child's allergy is eggs. In the composition of eggs, allergens also act as albumin, a protein. Therefore, it is recommended to include eggs from egg yolk and small amounts when including eggs in a meal. Please carefully observe the child's reaction to this product. In the first feeding of eggs, it is important to carefully observe the reaction with the protein. Please note that the pasta and bakery contain eggs.
3. Gluten is well known as a cause of food intolerance. It is a protein found in some grains. It is recommended to start adding foods that are gluten-free to avoid side effects. Soba, corn, rice, etc. High gluten foods like Maneuvera, Christos and Automeal should be introduced almost a year in advance. During the first year of reaction to gluten, there is not much intolerance to milk proteins and egg whites.
4. In addition, colorful vegetables and fruits can cause food reactions. Carrots, beets, pumpkin, peach, etc. A good idea is to take green vegetables and white vegetables like zucchini, cabbage, broccoli, etc. And it's better to start with a blue apple or pear for your child's fruit. Exotic fruits such as mango and kiwi should not be rushed.
Be aware that any product can cause an allergic reaction. If you are giving your baby for the first time, your mother should remember the risk of intolerance. In particular, don't be impatient to introduce inferior foods. In the morning, give you some unfamiliar foods so that you can reduce the reaction during the day.
How to recognize a food allergy and not confuse it with other diseases?
In most cases, the diagnosis of food allergy requires a doctor's consultation and a detailed examination of the mother. Mom sometimes reveals that he is allergic to food or introduces a specific product for the doctor. It can be difficult to make such a diagnosis at the same time. After that, a doctor can be scheduled for the test. Start, all the calculations of blood cells. If necessary, a specific allergy test will be performed, such as an immunoglobulin test and for subsequent ages. These tests have been selected as the most useful in recent clinical guidelines. Also, depending on the symptoms your child is concerned about, you may need to consult an allergy, dermatology, gastrointestinal department, etc. In addition, additional tests from the gastrointestinal tract.
Treatment and prevention of allergies
According to the latest recommendations, breastfeeding is the mainstay of childhood food allergies. Babies who have grown up with only breast milk for a few months are unlikely to develop food allergies. At the same time, healthy breastfeeding does not require special foods. Meals should be perfect and varied, including protein, fat and carbohydrates. It also contains trace elements and vitamins. In addition, it is recommended that the mother of a child at risk of food intolerance not restrict the diet. It is necessary to completely eliminate foods that have reacted from their mother, and make a food diary.
If artificial nutrition is needed for children with a predisposition to allergies, special hypoallergenic mixtures are chosen. The mixture should be selected by a specialist for the treatment of existing conditions. According to the latest clinical guidelines, in case of intolerance to cow's milk proteins, fully hydrolyzed proteins or mixtures with an amino acid composition are chosen. In this case, it is not advisable to prescribe hypoallergenic mixtures or mixtures based on goat milk protein. Soy-based milk powder itself can cause allergic reactions.
Proper introduction of complementary foods is also an important step in the prevention and treatment of food allergies. Introduce complementary foods early - not earlier than 4 months and not later than 6 months. Choose hypoallergenic foods first, such as Chinese cabbage, green leafy vegetables, and gluten-free cereals. On one day, the babies were given only a small amount of one complementary food and a possible reaction was observed. In the beginning, limit the introduction of new foods to once a week. Mothers of babies who are predisposed to allergies or already suffering from allergies are advised to keep a food diary. In it, the mother writes down all the foods that she gives the child during the day, and possible reactions to them.
If necessary, the doctor may prescribe medication for your child. They can be considered for both oral administration and dermal treatment. Children with chronic allergic rashes are shown special skin care. Also, after washing, it is necessary to use a special care product - conditioner. It is better to consult a doctor about which conditioner to choose. If you have gastrointestinal or respiratory symptoms, you may need special treatment from your doctor.
Eruptions often appear on the body in children. This may indicate a problem such as an allergy or skin disease. However, in most cases, rashes on the children's body do not pose a threat and go away on their own.
However, if you develop a rash or fever, feel unwell, behave abnormally, or are worried about skin changes, be sure to contact your pediatrician to rule out a serious illness or infection. treatment if necessary.
This article contains information about what causes the rash, but do not take it as a self-diagnosis. This is just an overview of the most common causes of rashes in children. Your pediatrician will be able to tell you more about your child's health. We will talk about the causes of rashes in infants separately.
Chickenpox is a common viral illness affecting most children. Chickenpox causes an itchy red patchy rash on the body that turns into blisters of fluid. The blisters then dry out, form a crust, and eventually flake off. Some children have few spots, while others have a rash all over their body.
Eczema is a condition in which the skin becomes red, itchy, dry and cracked. The most common is atopic dermatitis, which is more common in children but occasionally occurs in adults.
Atopic dermatitis usually causes a rash on the feet (knees), hands (elbows), neck and face (eyelids, ears and cheeks). This is a clear illness, but if the child subsequently becomes infected with the herpes simplex virus, the dermatitis may worsen, and small blisters (called irritable fever) may appear along with the high fever.
Impetigo is a highly contagious disease caused by bacteria. It is characterized by the formation of pustules and blisters on the skin. There are two types of impetigo.
Bullous contagious impetigo - large painless blisters filled with fluid.
Impetigo is highly contagious and causes pustules that break open quickly, forming yellow-brown crusts.
If you think your child has impetigo, talk to your pediatrician. You will be given antibiotic cream and should be cured within 7-10 days.
Ringworm is a common, highly contagious infection that causes circular, red rash patches on the skin. The plaques can appear anywhere on the body, but are most common on the scalp, legs, and groin.
Consult a dermatologist for an accurate diagnosis. Lichen interstitialis is treated with antifungal agents that are applied to the skin in the form of creams, ointments, shampoos, or given as tablets. Quarantine is provided for the period of illness, children cannot attend school and kindergarten.
Sweaty babies may experience this option, for example, when worn in extremely hot or humid conditions. In older children, it develops when hygiene rules are not followed or when wearing uncomfortable synthetic clothing. Small red rashes and blisters appear on the skin, but they usually heal quickly without special treatment. To do this, bathe them regularly and wear them according to the weather.
Exudative erythema multiforme
Pustular erythema - skin reaction caused by:
Herpes simplex virus
Round red spots appear on the arms and legs, which gradually increase and spread throughout the body. Favorite places of rashes Hands, less often feet, to a lesser extent the face, neck, shins, soles of the feet. Sometimes elements of the rash are observed in the oral cavity. The center of the spot gradually turns pale, forming elements that can merge with each other. In addition to blemishes, it can also cause blisters on the skin.
In subtle erythema multiforme, the pediatric focus is often disturbing, the rash is accompanied by fever. Recovery takes 2 to 6 weeks. Rarely, excretory erythema multiforme may develop in response to drugs such as antibiotics or antispasmodics. This is more dangerous, the disease can be life-threatening. Call your pediatrician if you develop a rash and feel unwell.
Keratosis follicularis (“goosebumps”)
Thylakotase is a common, asymptomatic condition in which the skin on the forearms becomes rough and itchy when cold. You can also get goosebumps on your lower back and cheeks.
It usually starts in childhood and worsens during adolescence. After that, the condition subsides and may even disappear completely with age. There is no specific treatment for follicular keratosis, but it usually does not matter much.
Hand-foot-mouth syndrome (viral pemphigus)
Hand-foot-mouth syndrome and viral pemphigus are common benign diseases caused by Coxsackie enteroviruses. Accompanied by rashes and small blisters on the palms and feet of children. Mouth ulcers and general malaise may also occur. Itching is usually not noticeable.
The child's immune system fights the virus on its own and symptoms usually disappear within 7-10 days. However, FMD is a highly contagious disease.
Molluscum contagiosum is a skin disease caused by a virus that causes small hard blisters to form on the skin.
Molluscum contagiosum most commonly develops in children between 1 and 5 years of age who infect each other. As a rule, there is no pain, but sometimes itching may occur. Without treatment, it usually resolves within 18 months. In some cases, skin formations can be removed, but in this case, you should consult a dermatologist.
Molluscum contagiosum is highly contagious, but most adults develop immunity to the virus and are less likely to become infected through contact with it.
Rosacea dandruff is a relatively common skin condition. Rounded pink spots appear on the skin, the central part of which gradually turns pale and begins to peel off. The rash is sometimes accompanied by mild itching. After a few weeks, the spots spread all over the body.
Older children and young people between the ages of 10 and 35 are most commonly affected. Dandruff rosacea usually resolves without treatment within 2 to 12 weeks. Its cause is unknown.
Scabies is a contagious skin disease caused by tiny, itchy mites that burrow on the skin. This causes a rash with intense itching. Children become infected with scabies through close contact, such as when playing with sick adults or children.
Ticks prefer thin skin between fingers, skin folds, curved limbs and groin. In young children, the legs, arms, buttocks, face, and scalp are usually affected. It leaves small red bumps or silvery lines on the skin, usually on the palms and soles. Infants often develop blisters on their feet. If you suspect you have scabies, call your doctor for treatment (lotion or cream).
Urticaria is a disease characterized by red, itchy, burning rashes on the skin. This is caused by the release of histamine into the skin. Causes redness, swelling and itching.
Urticaria can be caused by a variety of factors, including allergens (eg food and latex), irritants (eg nettles), medications, and environmental factors such as sunlight and heat. However, in most cases the cause cannot be determined. This is a common skin reaction in children. The rash usually resolves quickly with antihistamines.
Erythema infectiosum ("fifth disease")
Erythema injectio ("fifth disease") is a viral disease that is common in children that has a red rash on the cheek. In principle, children between the ages of 6 and 10 are eligible. In most cases, the health condition does not appear much and it will subside after a few days, so this is usually not required. This can take 4 to 5 weeks. If you have a rash or fever, contact your doctor.
Psoria is a disease in which red spots appear on the skin, covered with a silver scale. Psoriasis can cause beauty defects, and if the course is long, nails and joints can be invaded. This is a chronic condition, but there are treatments to help relieve symptoms, improve the appearance of the rash, and avoid complications.
Cellulitis or phlegmon
Bizitis and sputum is an inflammation of the skin and subcutaneous tissues caused by bacteria. The affected area becomes red, tender, swollen and hot. Changes in the skin are accompanied by high fever, pain and severe exhaustion. If these symptoms appear, contact your pediatrician immediately.
Motor vehicle disease is a severe infectious disease caused by a virus. Measles can be contracted if you are not vaccinated or have not previously been vaccinated, but if you are one to four years old, you will have measles disease.
Hagan is characterized by a small, reddish brown rash, generally appearing behind the ears and then spreading to the head, neck, legs and torso. Children are likely to have flu-like symptoms and a high fever. If you notice the above signs, contact your pediatrician at home.
- And it is also a contagious infectious disease in children. The pathogen is a bacterium. A two-year-old child was the most affected. In the scarlet aroma, there is a bright pink rash that is characteristic of the body, and when you touch it, it looks like paper. In many cases, it starts with a sore throat, headache, and fever, and a rash develops after 12-48 hours. If you think your baby is red, contact your family doctor immediately.
A child's rash may be caused by "meningitis t-mamigitis", a disease that leads to death. The rash resembles roots or appears in red spots. It usually disappears after 2-3 hours. And due to serious causes and dangerous complications, the skin can be bruised. A sign that can be considered for meningitis in children.
Children are repressed, react to others weak, limited and acute.
The child is frustrated and hates to be hugged.
I hate hugs, hate hugs, hate hugs, hate hugs, hate hugs, hate hugs.
Vomiting and refusal to eat
Blue and white and spots.
The expression is complex.
We have severe drowsiness.
Red rash that does not go away even when pressed against hard objects (eg glass).
Trust your intuition. If you think you have had meningitis, contact your pediatrician at home immediately, and if your condition is serious, call an ambulance (03 from the landline, 911 or 112 from your mobile phone).
Rash in a child: which doctor should I contact?
When you go to your child's body, you can use this service to find a good doctor.
Follow the link to find a clinic where you can call a pediatrician at home.
You might also be interested in reading
Napoprovku.ru was responsible for the localization and translation, and the NHS selection provided the original content for free. Retrieved from www.nhs.uk. Choice The NHS has not endorsed the local content or translation of the website's original content and is not responsible.
All published materials are reviewed by physicians. However, no matter how reliable the articles are, it is not possible to consider all the characteristics of an individual's disease. Therefore, the information posted on this website is not an alternative to consulting a doctor, but additional. These articles have been created for the purpose of providing information and having advice.
Baby skin rash often sues during a pediatric consultation. Usually parents consider the cause of the rash to be children's eating habits. There are so many allergic rashes for children, but I will analyze them for what other reasons and how to treat them.
These are the types of rashes that appear on newborns. There seem to be various reasons. No special treatment is required and it disappears naturally. These are the following.
- Birotome a - Necessary white spots for the nose and forehead of newborns. Usually it naturally cuts to the first birth age. Special processing is not required.
- Seborrheic dermatitis or milky white crust - development in the year after birth. In tender reddish skin and normal skin, white and yellowish dark skin appears. It can be easily separated from the skin without giving any discomfort. There is no need for treatment. You may want to use shampoos and bubble baths dedicated to the treatment of seborrheic dermatitis sold in pharmacies.
- Dess (acne) for babies. It occurs in a newborn within one year of birth. I sometimes stay for a long time. The reason is that the change is due to hormones. The rash is similar to adult acne. Redness and thickening appear on the skin. Then a head appears with a white and yellowish content. For treatment, use a preservative if needed and a retinoid for severe changes.
- Post-erythema of the newborn, approximately 2-5 days after birth and completely disappears in 2-3 weeks. This is redness of the skin filled with white or yellow content or shrine. It can appear anywhere on your body. The cause of the occurrence has not been fully elucidated. There is no need for treatment. He disappears without permission.
Mongolian macules a-pigmented patches of green, blue and grey, usually found on the back and buttocks of a newborn. Appears from birth. Pass independently at the age of 3 years. The kids are not in trouble. There is no need for treatment.
-Pigmentation of the skin "marble-o-like" - it can increase or decrease over time with a delicate network of blood vessels on the surface of the child's skin. The reason is that the child's autonomic nervous system is immature. Pass without permission. There is no need for treatment.
One of the causes of dry skin in children is allergies. Pathogens are divided into food and contact. Respiratory allergens rarely cause a rash. Exposure to allergens causes skin redness, swelling, itching, and sometimes clear blisters. If there is a strong reaction, the bubbles will be large. Damage to the epithelium of the bladder exposes the wound surface and heals under the crust. Acute allergic rashes usually disappear quickly after contact with the allergen is stopped. Rash from prolonged exposure to an allergen is usually less intense. treated worse. Makes it difficult to identify allergens. Severe cases require medical attention and more intensive treatment.
This is a skin disease that is accompanied by a violation of its barrier function and the development of inflammation. Atopic dermatitis first appears around 3 months of age. It flows like a wave through a period of improvement. In most cases, it is completely cured within 7 years. Approximately 10% of the changes remain for life. This is dry skin with slight redness, peeling, itching, sometimes small blisters with transparent contents appear. In severe cases, the redness may disappear, and the surface of the skin may crack, with a yellow or clear liquid leaking from it. Topical corticosteroids, pimeclalimus, and toclalimus in ointment or gel form are used to relieve flare-ups. Continue to use emollients to maintain remission and improve skin barrier properties. Antihistamines may be recommended to relieve itching.
Miliaria in infants
Predominantly localized in skin folds. It is characterized by redness of the skin and the appearance of small white dots. The reason is a decrease in the secretion of sweat glands and the inflammation that accompanies it. Contact dermatitis and diaper dermatitis is redness and inflammation of the skin caused by prolonged contact with the urine, feces and saliva of children. Both symptoms usually go away on their own with proper hygiene. Dry creams and powders containing zinc may help. Antifungals and antibiotics are used in severe cases with an infected rash.
Rashes associated with skin infections
Chicken pox is an acute, widespread infection that mainly affects children of preschool and primary school age. Symptoms of poisoning appear, sometimes accompanied by an increase in body temperature and the appearance of a characteristic rash. The chickenpox rash begins with red patches on the scalp. Then gradually lower your torso and limbs. It can also appear on the mucous membranes of the mouth and genitals. Soap bubbles with transparent contents appear instead of spots. Blisters appear, accompanied by itching of varying intensity. After that, the air bubbles dry up and become covered with a yellow crust, which eventually disappears. One large element can leave a permanent scar on the skin. Treatment is symptomatic. At high temperatures, use an antipyretic. Topically apply an antiseptic to the skin and mucous membranes to prevent infection of the elements. Antihistamines are indicated for severe itching. It will heal on its own in about 10 days. There are vaccines to prevent chickenpox.
- As an infectious disease that appears when fever, catalysis and rash appear on the 3rd - 4th day. Rash of measles appears in the mouth. And this extends to the face and to the body. The component of the rash is large and brown. There is no specific treatment for this rash. There is vaccination.
-Reval a is an infectious disease that appears with fever, catalog symptoms, conjunctivitis and rash. Rufella rash is small, bright, spreads over the entire skin. This disease has no silver bullet. Rubla has a vaccine.
- Pidera (sudden rash) ... This is a viral disease that develops mainly in children after 10 months. Up to two years of age. Appears with severe poisoning and acute onset with high fever. On the 3rd day, body temperature appears, and several elements of red rash appear. It starts from your head and gradually descends throughout your body. I don't care about the baby's rash. It heals naturally in 2-3 days. This disease does not require treatment.
- Per n-development from preschoolers. A characteristic change appears on the red border between the lips, mucous membranes and the oral cavity. Children feel itching and tingling. Redness appears on the skin, then swells, and a multifunctional graft is formed. When the disease subsides, crusts (cabs) form instead of bubbles, and they disappear without a trace. Herpes treatment includes an antiviral form in the form of a gel, ointment and tablets.
- Infectious flame of the angle of wheat is a viral skin lesion. This is expressed by the appearance of gradually increasing itching on unaffected skin. And a characteristic dent appears in the center. This disease is contagious, not dangerous, lasts a long time, and there is no specific treatment.
-Scarlac a is an infectious disease caused by bacteria. Appears in intense drunkenness, fever, inflammation of the tonsils and characteristic changes in the skin. The scarlet t-fever rash is patchy and not bright. It occurs in folds such as the groin, elbows, and armpits. And it spreads throughout the body. After recovery, go through without any x-traces. Some time after the disease, the skin may remain on the finger of the extremities. Scary fever is treated with oral antibiotics.
-Marming bacterial infection: a serious bacterial infection that also occurs due to fever, catalytic symptoms and damage to the central nervous system. The rash of meningitis infections has a characteristic appearance.