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How many bones does a child have in their body
Your Bones (for Kids) - Nemours KidsHealth
Think back to last Halloween for a minute. Wherever you looked, there were vampires, ghosts, or bony skeletons grinning back at you. Vampires and ghosts don't really exist, but skeletons sure do!
Every single person has a skeleton made up of many bones. These bones give your body structure, let you move in many ways, protect your internal organs, and more.
It's time to look at all your bones — the adult human body has 206 of them!
What Are Bones Made Of?
If you've ever seen a real skeleton or fossil in a museum, you might think that all bones are dead. Although bones in museums are dry, hard, or crumbly, the bones in your body are different. The bones that make up your skeleton are all very much alive, growing and changing all the time like other parts of your body.
Almost every bone in your body is made of the same materials:
The outer surface of bone is called the periosteum (say: pare-ee-OSS-tee-um). It's a thin, dense membrane that contains nerves and blood vessels that nourish the bone.
The next layer is made up of compact bone. This part is smooth and very hard. It's the part you see when you look at a skeleton.
Within the compact bone are many layers of cancellous (say: KAN-sell-us) bone, which looks a bit like a sponge. Cancellous bone is not quite as hard as compact bone, but it is still very strong.
In many bones, the cancellous bone protects the innermost part of the bone, the bone marrow (say: MAIR-oh). Bone marrow is sort of like a thick jelly, and its job is to make blood cells.
How Bones Grow
When you were a baby, you had tiny hands, tiny feet, and tiny everything! Slowly, as you grew older, everything became a bit bigger, including your bones.
A baby's body has about 300 bones at birth. These eventually fuse (grow together) to form the 206 bones that adults have. Some of a baby's bones are made entirely of a special material called cartilage (say: KAR-tel-ij). Other bones in a baby are partly made of cartilage. This cartilage is soft and flexible. During childhood, as you are growing, the cartilage grows and is slowly replaced by bone, with help from calcium.
By the time you are about 25, this process will be complete. After this happens, there can be no more growth — the bones are as big as they will ever be. All of these bones make up a skeleton that is both very strong and very light.
Your spine is one part of the skeleton that's easy to check out: Reach around to the center of your back and you'll feel its bumps under your fingers.
The spine lets you twist and bend, and it holds your body upright. It also protects the spinal cord, a large bundle of nerves that sends information from your brain to the rest of your body. The spine is special because it isn't made of one or even two bones: It's made of 33 bones in all! These bones are called vertebrae (say: VER-tuh-bray) and each one is shaped like a ring.
There are different types of vertebrae in the spine and each does a different kind of job:
The first seven vertebrae at the top are called the cervical (say: SIR-vih-kul) vertebrae. These bones are in the back of your neck, just below your brain, and they support your head and neck. Your head is pretty heavy, so it's lucky to have help from the cervical vertebrae!
Below the cervical vertebrae are the thoracic (say: thuh-RAS-ik) vertebrae, and there are 12 in all. These guys anchor your ribs in place. Below the thoracic vertebrae are five lumbar (say: LUM-bar) vertebrae. Beneath the lumbar vertebrae is the sacrum (say: SAY-krum), which is made up of five vertebrae that are fused together to form one single bone.
Finally, all the way at the bottom of the spine is the coccyx (say: COK-siks), which is one bone made of four fused vertebrae. The bottom sections of the spine are important when it comes to bearing weight and giving you a good center of gravity. So when you pick up a heavy backpack, the lumbar vertebrae, sacrum, and coccyx give you the power. When you dance, skip, and even walk, these parts help keep you balanced.
In between each vertebra (the name for just one of the vertebrae) are small disks made of cartilage. These disks keep the vertebrae from rubbing against one another, and they also act as your spine's natural shock absorbers. When you jump in the air, or twist while slamming a dunk, the disks give your vertebrae the cushioning they need.
Your heart, lungs, and liver are all very important, and luckily you've got ribs to keep them safe. Ribs act like a cage of bones around your chest. It's easy to feel the bottom of this cage by running your fingers along the sides and front of your body, a few inches below your heart. If you breathe in deeply, you can easily feel your ribs right in the front of your body, too. Some thin kids can even see a few of their ribs right through their skin.
Your ribs come in pairs, and the left and right sides of each pair are exactly the same. Most people have 12 pairs of ribs, but some people are born with one or more extra ribs, and some people might have one pair less.
All 12 pairs of ribs attach in the back to the spine, where they are held in place by the thoracic vertebrae. The first seven pairs of ribs attach in the front to the sternum (say: STUR-num), a strong bone in the center of your chest that holds those ribs in place. The remaining sets of ribs don't attach to the sternum directly. The next three pairs are held on with cartilage to the ribs above them.
The very last two sets of ribs are called floating ribs because they aren't connected to the sternum or the ribs above them. But don't worry, these ribs can't ever float away. Like the rest of the ribs, they are securely attached to the spine in the back.
Your skull protects the most important part of all, the brain. You can feel your skull by pushing on your head, especially in the back a few inches above your neck. The skull is actually made up of different bones. Some of these bones protect your brain, whereas others make up the structure of your face. If you touch beneath your eyes, you can feel the ridge of the bone that forms the hole where your eye sits.
And although you can't see it, the smallest bone in your whole body is in your head, too. The stirrup bone behind your eardrum is only .1 to .13 inches (2.5 to 3.3 millimeters) long! Want to know something else? Your lower jawbone is the only bone in your head you can move. It opens and closes to let you talk and chew food.
Your skull is pretty cool, but it's changed since you were a baby. All babies are born with spaces between the bones in their skulls. This allows the bones to move, close up, and even overlap as the baby goes through the birth canal. As the baby grows, the space between the bones slowly closes up and disappears, and special joints called sutures (say: SOO-churs) connect the bones.
As you sit and type at the keyboard, while you swing on a swing, even when you pick up your lunch, you're using the bones in your fingers, hand, wrist, and arm.
Each arm is attached to a shoulder blade or scapula (say: SKA-pyuh-luh), a large triangular bone on the upper back corner of each side of the ribcage. The arm is made up of three bones: the humerus (say: HYOO-muh-rus), which is above your elbow, and the radius (say: RAY-dee-us) and ulna (say: UL-nuh), which are below the elbow.
Each of these bones is wider at the ends and skinnier in the middle, to help give it strength where it meets another bone. At the end of the radius and ulna are eight smaller bones that make up your wrist. Although these bones are small, they can really move! Twist your wrist around or wave and you'll see how the wrist can move.
The center part of your hand is made up of five separate bones. Each finger on your hand has three bones, except for your thumb, which has two. So between your wrists, hands, and all your fingers, you've got a grand total of 54 bones — all ready to help you grasp things, write your name, pick up the phone, or throw a softball!
Sure, your arm, wrist, hand, and finger bones are great for picking up the phone, but how are you supposed to run to answer it? Well, with the bones of the legs and feet!
Your legs are attached to a circular group of bones called your pelvis. The pelvis is a bowl-shaped structure that supports the spine. It is made up of the two large hip bones in front, and behind are the sacrum and the coccyx. The pelvis acts as a tough ring of protection around parts of the digestive system, parts of the urinary system, and parts of the reproductive system.
Your leg bones are very large and strong to help support the weight of your body. The bone that goes from your pelvis to your knee is called the femur (say: FEE-mur), and it's the longest bone in your body. At the knee, there's a triangular-shaped bone called the patella (say: puh-TEL-luh), or kneecap, that protects the knee joint. Below the knee are two other leg bones: the tibia (say: TIH-bee-uh) and the fibula (say: FIH-byuh-luh). Just like the three bones in the arm, the three bones in the leg are wider at the ends than in the middle to give them strength.
The ankle is a bit different from the wrist; it is where the lower leg bones connect to a large bone in the foot called the talus (say: TAL-iss). Next to the talus are six other bones. But the main part of the foot is similar to the hand, with five bones. Each toe has three tiny bones, except for your big toe, which has just two. This brings the bone total in both feet and ankles to 52!
Most people don't use their toes and feet for grabbing stuff or writing, but they do use them for two very important things: standing and walking. Without all the bones of the foot working together, it would be impossible to balance properly. The bones in the feet are arranged so the foot is almost flat and a bit wide, to help you stay upright. So the next time you're walking, be sure to look down and thank those toes!
The place where two bones meet is called a joint. Some joints move and others don't.
Fixed joints are fixed in place and don't move at all. Your skull has some of these joints (called sutures, remember?), which close up the bones of the skull in a young person's head. One of these joints is called the parieto-temporal (say: par-EYE-ih-toh TEM-puh-rul) suture — it's the one that runs along the side of the skull.
Moving joints are the ones that let you ride your bike, eat cereal, and play a video game — the ones that allow you to twist, bend, and move different parts of your body. Some moving joints, like the ones in your spine, move only a little. Other joints move a lot. One of the main types of moving joints is called a hinge joint. Your elbows and knees each have hinge joints, which let you bend and then straighten your arms and legs. These joints are like the hinges on a door. Just as most doors can only open one way, you can only bend your arms and legs in one direction. You also have many smaller hinge joints in your fingers and toes.
Another important type of moving joint is the ball and socket joint. You can find these joints at your shoulders and hips. They are made up of the round end of one bone fitting into a small cup-like area of another bone. Ball and socket joints allow for lots of movement in every direction. Make sure you've got lots of room, and try swinging your arms all over the place.
Have you ever seen someone put oil on a hinge to make it work easier or stop squeaking? Well, your joints come with their own special fluid called synovial fluid (say: SIH-no-vee-ul) that helps them move freely. Bones are held together at the joints by ligaments (say: LIH-guh-mints), which are like very strong rubber bands.
Taking Care of Bones
Your bones help you out every day so make sure you take care of them. Here are some tips:
Protect those skull bones (and your brain inside!) by wearing a helmet for bike riding and other sports. When you use a skateboard, in-line skates, or a scooter, be sure to add wrist supports and elbow and knee pads. Your bones in these places will thank you if you have a fall!
If you play sports like football, soccer, lacrosse, or ice hockey, always wear all the right equipment. And never play on a trampoline. Many kids end up with broken bones from jumping on them. Broken bones can eventually heal, but it takes a long time and isn't much fun while you wait.
Strengthen your skeleton by drinking milk and eating other dairy products (like low-fat cheese or frozen yogurt). They all contain calcium, which helps bones harden and become strong.
Be active! Another way to strengthen your bones is through exercise like running, jumping, dancing, and playing sports.
Take these steps to be good to your bones, and they will treat you right!
How Many Bones Does a Baby Have and Why Do Adults Have Fewer?
It may be difficult to imagine when looking at a tiny newborn baby, but that infant has around 300 bones — and those bones are growing and changing shape every day.
Adults, on the other hand, have 206 bones, which make up about 15 percent of their body weight.
Wait — did we really just say that babies have nearly 100 more bones than adults? How is that possible?
Well, even though bones appear to be tough and rigid, they’re actually made up of living tissue and calcium that’s always being built up and discarded throughout your life.
Let’s take a closer look at how this explains the discrepancy between a baby and you.
Most bones are made of several layers of tissue:
periosteum: the thick membrane on the outer surface of the bone
compact bone: the smooth, hard layer that’s seen in the bones of a skeleton
cancellous: sponge-like tissue within the compact bone
bone marrow: the jelly-like core of the bones that makes blood cells.
The process of bone development is called ossification. It actually begins around the eighth week of embryonic development — pretty incredible!
Even so, at birth, many of your baby’s bones are made entirely of cartilage, a type of connective tissue that is tough, but flexible. Some of your little one’s bones are partly made of cartilage to help keep baby nice and, well, malleable.
That flexibility is necessary so growing babies can curl up in the confined space of the womb before birth. It also makes it easier for mom and baby when it’s time for baby to make the exciting journey through the birth canal during delivery.
As your baby grows into childhood, much of that cartilage will be replaced by actual bone. But something else happens, which explains why 300 bones at birth become 206 bones by adulthood.
Many of your baby’s bones will fuse together, which means the actual number of bones will decrease. The space that separates the ends of two bones that eventually fuse is also cartilage, like the tissue you have in the tip of your nose.
The fusing of bones occurs throughout the body. You may notice that there are one or more soft spaces in between the bones in your baby’s skull. These “soft spots” may even freak you out a bit, but they’re perfectly normal. They’re called fontanelles, and they’ll eventually close as bones grow together.
Replacing cartilage with fused bone begins when tiny blood vessels — called capillaries — deliver nutrient-rich blood to osteoblasts, the cells that form bones. Osteoblasts create bone that covers cartilage at first and then ultimately replaces it.
Then, bone growth in children occurs at the ends of many bones, which have growth plates. The growing tissue in each plate determines the final size and shape of the bone. When a person stops growing, the growth plates close.
Growth plates are weaker than other parts of your child’s skeleton, and are therefore more susceptible to fractures and other injuries. This is why a fall off a bicycle may land your kid in a cast, whereas you can take a similar fall and just have a bruise — perhaps on your body as well as your ego.
What’s the role of calcium in all this?
Calcium is the mineral essential to the formation of new bone tissue. It’s found in both breast milk and formula. And if your child is resistant to eating their leafy greens later on, remind them that the calcium found in these vegetables (as well as in dairy products) helps them grow.
By early adulthood, the fusing of bones and bone growth have stopped. Adult bones are very strong, but light. And surely now that you have your 206 bones, you’re all set, right?
Well, not exactly. While they appear to be solid and unchanging, bones are constantly going through a process called remodeling. (But it’s true that the number of bones you have won’t typically change after this point.)
Remodeling involves the formation of new bone tissue and the breakdown of older bone into calcium and other minerals, which are released into the bloodstream. This process is known as resorption, and it’s a perfectly normal and healthy part of bone function — in fact, it happens throughout life. But in children, new bone formation outpaces resorption.
There are some things that can speed up bone loss. These include:
the hormonal changes associated with menopause
excessive alcohol consumption
The most common condition affecting bone loss is osteoporosis, which causes bones to lose some of their density and become more vulnerable to fractures.
The framework of bones and joints in the human body is both complex and fascinating — just like you. Bones fit together like a massive puzzle, and rely on a variety of muscles to move at joints from the neck and jaw down to the toes.
The part of the body that contains the most bones is the hand. It’s made up of a whopping 27 individual bones.
Most red and white blood cells in the body are created in bone marrow.
The femur, located in the thigh, is the longest bone in the body.
The stapes, a stirrup-shaped bone located deep in the ear, is the body’s smallest bone.
Bones store about 99 percent of the calcium in your body and are composed of about 25 percent water.
Your skeleton completely replaces itself every 10 years or so through remodeling. It’s kind of like remodeling your kitchen, except the new one looks eerily similar to the old one.
There are two types of bone material: cortical, the hard kind that you think of when you picture a skeleton, and trabecular, which is softer and spongier and often found inside large bones.
Some bones are designed to withstand two to three times your body weight in force.
Cartilage tissue has no regular blood supply and doesn’t renew, so cartilage injuries are permanent. Fortunately, they’re also less common.
The process of bone growth and fusion in children is a remarkable one. And to make sure your child’s bones stay healthy for years to come, it’s important to pass along some important lessons. Among them:
Get enough calcium in your child’s diet (and yours, too). The body doesn’t make calcium, so all the calcium you need has to be consumed in food or supplements. Healthy calcium-rich foods include low-fat dairy products (milk, cheese, yogurt), seeds, almonds, white beans, and leafy greens, such as spinach and collard greens.
Make weight-bearing exercises, such as walking or weight lifting, part of your usual workout routine or a fun family activity. Exercises that safely test your bones and muscles can help promote bone health throughout adulthood — but it’s never too early to start thinking about this!
Make sure you get enough vitamin D in your diet or through supplements. Vitamin D helps your body absorb calcium. Getting enough protein is also important for long-term bone and muscle strength. If your child surprises you by declaring their vegetarianism early, make sure they know good sources of protein aside from meat. (And always speak with a pediatrician about changes in diet.)
How many bones does a child have? Differences from the adult skeleton
The skeleton is an essential part of the full, healthy functioning of the human body. Thanks to the bones, the body is always in shape and in the right position. Bones form the skeleton, which in turn also performs the protective function of internal organs and systems from external influences. All this applies to both adults and children from the womb.
Fetal skeletal development
More than 70% of bones are composed of very strong bone tissue, which contains many minerals. The main ones are: magnesium, phosphorus and calcium. Necessary for the full formation of the skeleton of the fetus and other elements: zinc, copper, aluminum and fluorine. The fetus receives these and other substances from the mother's body through the placenta. Therefore, it is extremely important for pregnant women to fully and efficiently eat. Starting from the fifth week of pregnancy, the foundations of cartilage are laid in the fetus - the future bones of the spine and shoulder girdle. The outlines of the pelvic girdle also appear. A fetus that already has 9weeks, fingers and jaw bones are formed. Many people know that a newborn baby has more bones than an adult. This is due to the fact that in the future the cartilage will grow together, forming one bone. The complete completion of the formation of the skeleton will occur at 24 years.
How many bones does a child have?
Many parents find from their own experience that a child's bones are more likely to bend than to be injured. Not taking into account, of course, serious damage. Very often, newborns fall off the bed or sofa, while “pah-pah” everything is fine. All this is because cartilage predominates in their skeleton, which will further strengthen and become bones. So, how many bones does a child have? A newborn man has 300 fragile bones in his small body. And only by the age of 24-25, 206 strong, durable bones will form from them.
This process occurs due to the intake of calcium and other necessary substances into the body.
Bone injuries in a child
How many bones in the body of a small child - it's clear, now about their injuries. Childhood injuries, to the great joy of parents, are quickly restored.
All due to the fact that in the child's body there are cells responsible for the structure of bone tissue. And if it happens that the child is injured, these cells get to the injured area. Thus, even a fracture in a child will heal much faster than in an adult. A child's injury will pass after 2-4 weeks, an adult - 6-8. How many bones are in the body of a child, all young mothers need to know and not only. This will allow you to be more educated in this area and provide the necessary assistance to the child in case of injury.
The difference between the bones of an elderly person and a child
How many bones are in the skeleton of a child, we figured out. Now many people are concerned about the question: "What is the difference in the skeleton of an elderly and a child?". The bones in children are much thinner than in adults, including the elderly. Due to this, the child's motor apparatus is much more mobile and elastic. Closer to the age of 12-13, the bones of a child are already almost completely similar to adults. However, cartilage is still found in some places. During adult life and closer to old age, the relief of the cranial bones is noticeably smoothed out.
Loss of teeth also reduces the weight of the skull, which can lead to malocclusion and facial asymmetry.
The most pronounced changes in the structure of the skeleton with age occur in the spine. After 40-50 years, this part of the skeleton becomes more compressed and slightly shorter than it was before. This is due to the fact that the intervertebral discs and vertebrae are closer to each other. After 60 years, the growth of bone tissue begins, and spike-like formations appear throughout the body.
So, the main differences between the skeleton of an elderly and a small person:
The main and first difference is, of course, the quantity. How many bones does a small child and an elderly person have? A child - 300 knuckles, an adult - 206.
The bone tissue of a child is richer in spongy substance than the bone of an elderly person.
Another important difference is mobility. The skeleton of a child is more active and elastic, which cannot be said about the skeleton of older people.
With age, the chemical composition of bone tissue changes, which leads to a weakening of the bones of the skeleton. A noticeable decrease in calcium and fluorine in the body first of all makes itself felt.
How many bones a person has and other interesting facts about bones
How many bones a person has and other interesting facts about bones: Рixabay
The musculoskeletal system, which consists of bones, is responsible for ordinary actions (running, jumping, walking). If a person did not have a skeleton, he could neither move nor stand, the body would not have a form. Let's turn to anatomy and find out how the human skeleton works.
How many bones does a person have? Each bone has a certain shape, size, structure and is in connection with other bones.
Why do people need bones? They form our body, with their help a person moves, protect internal organs from mechanical damage and participate in hematopoiesis.
How many bones does a person have? During a person's life, more than 800 individual bone elements are formed, of which 270 are formed during fetal development, the rest after birth. Most of the individual bone elements grow together, so the skeleton of an adult contains only 206 bones, of which 85 are paired and 36 are unpaired, writes I. V. Gaivoronsky in his work “Human Anatomy and Physiology”.
How many bones does a baby have? The future bone first develops as several separate bones, which subsequently grow together. The skeleton of a newborn child is formed from soft areas - cartilage. They grow with the body of the child and harden at the end of growth.
How many bones does a newborn have? There are 270 bones in a baby's skeleton. The newborn has a large number of small bones, which then fuse into large bones. Complete fusion of bones and the formation of the skeleton ends by the age of 26.
There are 270 bones in a baby's skeleton: Pexels
How many bones are in an adult's skeleton
An adult's skeleton consists of bones of different sizes and shapes. Most often, bones are classified by location, shape, structure, development. How many bones does an adult have? The human skeleton is divided into axial and accessory. The axial skeleton includes the vertebral column (31-33 bones), the skull (23 bones) and the chest (25 bones), the additional bones include the bones of the upper (64) and lower (62) limbs, as described in the textbook by M. R. Sapin , E. V. Shvetsova "Human Anatomy".
Differences in the structure of the skeleton of a man and a woman
Adaptation to the vertical position of the body determined the peculiarities of the structure of the skeleton in humans - the spine, skull and limbs. For a man and a woman, it is built according to the same type. But each of the representatives of the sexes has its own characteristics in the structure.
What is the difference between the skeleton of a man and a woman? In the skeletons of the opposite sexes, certain features can be found in the structure of the skull, chest, and pelvic floor. However, in general, there are no cardinal differences between them:
Skull. In men, the skull is larger, the superciliary ridges are more pronounced, the lower jaw is more massive, and the occiput is more pronounced.
Chest. The total length of the sternum without the xiphoid process in men is greater than in women, although the number of ribs in men and women is the same - 12 pairs (24 pieces). The upper ribs in women are longer and more mobile, while the lower ribs are shorter, because of this, the female chest is more rounded.
Pelvic floor. In a woman, the pelvis is wider, less deep, the ilium is deployed, the pelvic cavity is more voluminous, and the dimensions of the inlet and outlet are wider. The pelvic bones themselves are thinner and more mobile. The sacrum in men is longer and narrower, in women it is more mobile in joints, because of this the body is more flexible.
Differences in the structure of the skeleton of a man and a woman: Pixabay
Interesting facts about human bones
Bones are studied by the science of osteology - a section of anatomy. Osteological data are used in paleontology and anthropology to determine the age of a skeleton. In connection with the development of methods of surgical treatment of diseases and injuries of bones and joints, osteology has become important in medicine.
Development of the skeleton
EA Osadchaya in the textbook "Human Anatomy and Physiology (with age-related features of development)" distinguishes several stages. At the beginning of intrauterine development of the skeleton, a chord is laid. At 2 months, most of the skeleton is formed in the form of cartilaginous models of future bones. This is the cartilaginous stage of skeletal development.
At the 3rd month, the formation of the bone skeleton begins. This stage is long and is completely completed by the age of 18–20. For the normal development of the skeleton, proper nutrition is necessary. Especially important is a sufficient amount of calcium and phosphorus salts, trace elements and vitamins. With a lack of vitamin D, rickets develops.
Skull of a newborn
MR Sapin , EV Shvetsov in the textbook on "Human Anatomy" write that a newborn child has layers of connective tissue between the bones of the skull. Such areas are called springs. The total number of fontanelles in a newborn child is six. These are unpaired anterior and posterior fontanelles and two paired ones - wedge-shaped and mastoid. Of these, the largest fontanel is the anterior, or frontal. It is located at the junction of the frontal and both parietal bones.
The fontanelles of the skull of a newborn are characterized by elasticity, so the shape of the skull can change during the passage of the fetal head through the birth canal of the mother. Fontanelles begin to overgrow at various periods of time after the birth of a child.
Functions and weight of the skeleton
First of all, the bones of the trunk and lower extremities perform protective and supporting functions for soft tissues (muscles, ligaments, fascia, internal organs). Most bones play the role of levers. They are attached to the muscles that provide movement.
How much does a human skeleton weigh? The mass of a living skeleton in newborns is approximately 11% of body weight. In adults, the skeletal mass is kept at 20%. In the elderly and old people, the skeletal mass decreases.
Skeleton functions: Pixabay
Chemical composition of bones
It depends on the state of the bone, age and individual characteristics. In a living organism, bone contains about 50% water, 28% organic matter, including 16% fat and 22% inorganic matter.
The organic component of the bone is represented by protein substances, and the inorganic component is represented by calcium and its salts. In addition, bones also contain sodium, magnesium, potassium, chlorine, fluorine, carbonates and nitrates in varying amounts. The elasticity of the bone depends on the presence of organic substances, and its hardness depends on the presence of inorganic compounds.
Healthy adult bones are stronger than some building materials. It is the same as cast iron. After the healing of fractures, the mechanical strength decreases, this is due to a change in the tubular structure of the bone. The property of bones to take their original shape after the cessation of exposure to external factors is called elasticity.
What is the strongest human bone? The human femur can withstand a load of 5500 N / cm2 in tension, and 7787 N / cm 2 in compression. The tibia can withstand a compression load of 1650 N / cm 2, which can be compared with a load equal to the mass of bodies of more than 20 people.
The human musculoskeletal system, along with other organ systems, forms the human body, and the bones in it act as levers through which a person can move, and also performs a protective function.