National Eye Institute. https://nei.nih.gov. Accessed Dec. 5, 2017.
Wilkinson JM (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Nov. 8, 2017.
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Alzheimer's disease - symptoms, causes, signs, diagnosis and treatment in "SM-Clinic"
This disease is treated by Neurologist
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What is Alzheimer's disease?
Symptoms of Alzheimer's disease
Causes of Alzheimer's disease
Diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease in "SM-Clinic"
Treatment of Alzheimer's disease in "SM-Clinic"
Prevention of Alzheimer's disease
Symptoms of Alzheimer's disease
The disease is divided into four stages, according to the progression of symptoms from mild to severe. The first stage of dementia is characterized by:
difficulties with the assimilation of new knowledge;
problems with abstract thinking and concentration;
indifference to current events;
disorientation in space.
In the second stage, symptoms progress, memory deteriorates along with visual, tactile and auditory sensations. There are speech disorders (aphasia), problems with coordination and motor skills.
In the third stage of Alzheimer's disease, the patient's condition worsens. Speech disorders progress, writing and reading skills are lost, vocabulary decreases. The patient often ceases to recognize friends and relatives. The person becomes irritable, aggressive, resists attempts to help.
In the fourth, severe stage of dementia, the patient depends on the support and help of others. There is a complete loss of speech functions, a person is in an apathetic state, loses weight and loses the ability to move independently.
Causes of Alzheimer's disease
Causes of dementia in Alzheimer's disease are not well understood. Scientists believe that the violations occur due to a decrease in the synthesis of acetylcholine, a substance that transmits impulses from nerve cells.
Another theory says that the disease develops due to deposits of peptides (substances consisting of amino acid residues) in brain tissues.
The latest theory of Alzheimer's disease is based on the fact that certain groups of proteins accumulate in neurofibrillary tangles in brain neurons and disrupt the connections between nerve cells.
There is a genetic predisposition to the disease.
If you experience these symptoms, we recommend that you make an appointment with your doctor. Timely consultation will prevent negative consequences for your health.
You can find out more about the disease, prices for treatment and sign up for a consultation with a specialist by phone:
+7 (495) 292-39-72
Request a call back Book online
Treatment is carried out in accordance with clinical recommendations
Comprehensive assessment of the nature of the disease and treatment prognosis
Modern diagnostic equipment and own laboratory
High level of service and balanced pricing policy
Diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease at the SM-Clinic
Neurologists at the SM-Clinic in Moscow have many years of experience in diagnosing and treating Alzheimer's disease. Our clinics are equipped with the necessary modern equipment for making the correct diagnosis. We perform the following examinations for our patients with suspected dementia:
magnetic resonance imaging;
Thyroid ultrasound, etc.
To assess the level of dementia and choose a treatment method, SM-Clinic doctors conduct a complete neurological examination, carefully interview the patient or his relatives about the onset and symptoms of the disease. After that, the neurologist conducts detailed neuropsychological tests that give complete and reliable results.
If necessary, the patient is examined by a psychiatrist, endocrinologist and doctors of other specialties, such an integrated approach allows you to choose the most effective therapy.
Laboratory tests (blood, hormones, etc.) are carried out in the clinic's laboratory equipped with high-tech equipment. Own laboratory is an advantage of SM-Clinic, as all studies are carried out in a short time with high accuracy.
Treatment of Alzheimer's disease at SM-Clinic
If you decide where to treat Alzheimer's disease, come to SM-Clinic! The neurologists of the clinic do their best to help their patients slow down the course of dementia and get rid of unpleasant symptoms. In Alzheimer's disease, treatment methods are aimed at alleviating the manifestations of the disease and curbing its development.
Medical therapy and care are selected individually for each patient at the SM-Clinic. Among the drugs prescribed by our doctors are:
Also, in order to improve the condition and quality of life of people with Alzheimer's disease, the doctors of the SM-Clinic treat concomitant diseases.
Prevention of Alzheimer's disease
Among the methods of prevention of Alzheimer's disease are:
giving up bad habits;
control over the work of the cardiovascular system;
brain activity (reading, learning languages, intellectual games, etc. ).
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Signs of oncology
Oncology, or as it is also called cancer, is a group of tumors that grow from skin cells and mucous membranes. Another name, sarcoma, refers to malignant tumors of muscle, bone, and fatty tissue. These tumors tend to metastasize and invade normal organ tissues, so surgical intervention does not always contribute to a positive result. It is best when the tumor can be detected at an early stage of its development, but such diagnosis is somewhat difficult. For such detection of oncology at an early stage of development, you need to know the signs of cancer, and at the slightest suspicion, you should immediately consult an oncologist.
Each person manifests these symptoms individually, but the general picture is as follows: at first, fatigue and weakness appear. The weight of a person drops sharply for no apparent reason. There are thickenings and tumors, subcutaneous nodules. This is especially true for the area of the mammary glands, inguinal regions and armpits. Blood or pus, sometimes mucus, may appear in the urine and stool. Wounds do not heal for a long time, coughing may not go away for a long time, the timbre of the voice changes. Body temperature ranges from 37 degrees to 38 degrees Celsius, such a temperature fluctuation lasts from two weeks to several months, sometimes up to several years. Oncological diseases are very insidious, so the first stages of the disease can be asymptomatic. Everyone can make the right conclusion for themselves that it is much easier to prevent a disease, to nullify it, than to treat an already advanced form of oncology later. To prevent oncological diseases at an early stage of development, you need to contact our medical center, where, thanks to modern equipment and new diagnostic methods, the correct diagnosis will be made in a timely manner, which means that the treatment of this difficult disease will begin on time. Diagnosis at an early stage will significantly increase a person's chances of a full recovery. It will not be superfluous to find out the causes of oncological diseases.
There is no exact formulation of the causes of oncological diseases, but there are two versions of the occurrence and causes of oncology. The first one is genetic. In DNA cells, hereditary information is violated. The second is viral. Activation of the virus occurs, which leads to a violation of the gene apparatus of the cell. Both of these versions say that the disease appears due to a violation of genetic information that occurs under the influence of external factors. A person, without suspecting it, can be a carrier of this disease, the impact of external and internal factors only starts the process of degeneration of body cells. Some of these factors are known, they are carcinogens: radiation, ultraviolet radiation, viruses, some chemicals. The worst thing is that this disease can appear at any age, no one is immune from it.
The course of oncological diseases is conditionally divided into several stages:
1. The first stage is characterized by the division of atypical cells that have appeared.
2. At the second stage, a tumor is formed and appears.
3. The third stage is characterized by the appearance of metastases in other organs.
4. The fourth stage is characterized by the appearance of relapses, destruction of other organs and tissues. Unfortunately, treatment at this stage is almost impossible.
Symptoms of oncological disease depend on the structure and nature of tumor growth, as well as on all diseases that a person has. Symptoms can be influenced by age, gender, and lifestyle of the patient. But there are the most striking symptoms that indicate the presence of the disease. The first symptom is the appearance of a tumor. It may be benign and has nothing to do with cancer. However, by contacting an oncologist, you should undergo a detailed examination and diagnosis. The tumor can be painless, but only a specialist doctor can determine its nature and danger to health and life. People who have a long history of smoking may develop a cough. Sometimes this indicates processes in the respiratory tract, but if, despite treatment, the cough does not go away for two or more weeks and, moreover, is accompanied by the presence of blood streaks in the sputum, most likely, we can talk about suspicion of lung cancer. The appearance of bleeding indicates disorders in the human body, it can be various diseases, but often such bleeding is a sure symptom of a malignant tumor. Seeing a doctor in any of these cases is a must! Much attention should be paid to moles. A mole is a benign tumor, and in itself it does not pose a danger. But this tumor can become malignant - melanoma.
Pay attention to the following points:
1. The mole has a smooth and even surface.
2. The edges of the mole should be smooth; in melanoma, they are usually jagged.
3. Melanoma can be any color: black, pink, white, red and with a blue tint.
4. Melanomas can bleed, itch, and crust.
Such indicative symptoms may be quite rare, but they must be known. When each of the above symptoms appears, you need to contact the oncologist of the polyclinic at the place of residence or the diagnostic center. When confirming the diagnosis, surgical treatment is indicated in any specialized oncological institution (clinic, hospital). You also need to contact a specialist if suspicious spots appear on the body that do not disappear for a long time. It is not worth postponing a visit to an oncologist, a timely diagnosis and treatment initiated contributes to a complete recovery. It should be remembered that if a person is diagnosed with cancer, there is no need to despair. Although the disease is still considered practically incurable, it can be successfully treated in the early stages of the disease. Our medicine, which is armed with new technologies and methods, is able to cure patients in the second and third stages of cancer.