Mask of pregnancy, unexpected return of a forgotten acne, itching, stretch marks ... Pregnant, you are lost in front of the myths about black skin. Is it more prone to certain skin problems? In reality, the majority of expectant mothers are concerned. But, in some cases, black women have more sensitive skin. Your beauty routine must absolutely adapt. IN’OYA takes stock of your cosmetic needs. We give you safe benchmarks for 9 months.
THE RIGHT GESTURES TO AVOID THE MASK OF PREGNANCY
Sun and hormones are the causes of these brown spots on the face. They are distributed over the forehead, the cheekbones and around the mouth or the maxillae. Sometimes these dark marks can even stand out on the body. They are symmetrical and take a more or less regular shape.
Mother, grandmother have warned you of this genetic risk. It is a factor implicated in chloasma, the scientific name for this condition. Your phototype will determine the risk of developing one during pregnancy. It is defined by your skin and hair color. Dark to dark skin tones are generally more affected.
It is therefore recommended to avoid exposures from the first weeks. Apply sun protection with a high UV index on the face. Repeat the operation regularly. Wear a wide-brimmed hat for your outdoor outings.
If despite these precautions spots appear, stay zen! This is benign. Unlike other types of melasma, the pregnancy mask disappears naturally. In general, it disappears completely a few months after childbirth.
After the baby arrives, contraception consisting of estrogens may help prolong the phenomenon. Talk to your gynecologist or midwife to consider an alternative solution. In parallel, you can use an anti-stain serum. Do not try to erase it with a depigmenting laser: be patient, it disappears spontaneously.
Note: hormones are also responsible for the famous brown line on the stomach. Like melasma, it leaves without treatment a few weeks after the birth of the child.
HOW TO EASILY TREAT ACNE
You had no more pimples since high school. But since you are expecting a baby, it’s flowering. Hormones are, once again, responsible for these changes. It’s unfair: some of your pregnant friends have a beautiful complexion. And you desperate to get rid of these unsightly buttons. Do not panic ! A few simple gestures will allow you to accept this delicate passage for your skin.
Consult the doctor before using an acne remedy. Indeed, some products are contraindicated for pregnant women. They can be dangerous and cause birth defects in the fetus.
We recommend that you follow a safe routine for you and your baby. Clean your face morning and evening with a purifying treatment. Apply a suitable cream to remove blackheads and pimples.
At the same time, avoid foods with a high glycemic index. These activate the hormonal secretion that causes sebum overproduction. You can however enrich your plate with cereals, vegetables or fruits rich in zinc. This trace element is an ally to avoid oily skin problems. It is naturally present in nuts, cocoa or lentils.
SKIN TORN : STOP DEHYDRATION
A lack of water is usually the cause of dry skin. A pregnant woman requires much greater needs. On average, 2 liters of water is recommended per day. Bringing enough water to your body is also essential to maintain its elasticity.
If you have difficulty drinking during the day, consider derivative drinks. Herbal teas, infusions, vegetable broths will allow you to maintain a satisfactory level of internal hydration.
In addition, apply a nourishing treatment, rich enough to soothe your skin. Specific body products for pregnancy exist. However, your usual milk may be fine. Shea butter, coconut or sesame oil are often recommended. Depending on your sensitivity, certain formulas will effectively relieve your itching.
But remain vigilant, ban products containing parabens. These preservative components are endocrine disruptors to be avoided.
APPEARANCE OF STRETCH MARKS: CAN WE PREVENT IT?
With weight gain, you fear having stretch marks on areas under stress. The breasts, belly, hips take on volume and your body adapts! Fragile and sensitive skin, dark or light, are ideal candidates. What is special about dark and mat skin? Over time, the marks are more visible. Once the red-purple appearance has faded, they will turn into pale, even white, welts.
The loss of skin suppleness is the cause of stretch marks. Hormones cause skin changes. They slow down the production of collagen and elastin fibers. Anti-stretch mark creams cannot promise to avoid them. But daily hydration of your epidermis will put the odds on your side.
Massage on the belly, breasts, hips to soften it deeply. It is a recommended practice from the first month. This massage of sensitive areas will stimulate the production of collagen and elastin in prevention. Weight changes during pregnancy require continuous hydration of the skin.
Caring for your pregnant skin allows you to feel beautiful despite the hazards. With all these upheavals, this is a special moment for you. Observing these changes every day is an opportunity to take time for yourself. These moments should be preserved even after childbirth. Your baby will take a lot of energy from you. You will then be happy to allow yourself this time to pamper yourself.
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Stretch marks in pregnancy - NHS
Pregnancy stretch marks
Stretch marks on white skin
Regis Martin / Alamy Stock Photo https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-stretch-marks-11435822.html?pv=1&stamp=2&imageid=C84B7D75-626A-4D81-8531-F39F5460B575&p=29849&n=0&orientation=0&pn=1&searchtype=0&IsFromSearch=1&srch=foo%3dbar%26st%3d0%26pn%3d1%26ps%3d100%26sortby%3d2%26resultview%3dsortbyPopular%26npgs%3d0%26qt%3dA625RY%26qt_raw%3dA625RY%26lic%3d3%26mr%3d0%26pr%3d0%26ot%3d0%26creative%3d%26ag%3d0%26hc%3d0%26pc%3d%26blackwhite%3d%26cutout%3d%26tbar%3d1%26et%3d0x000000000000000000000%26vp%3d0%26loc%3d0%26imgt%3d0%26dtfr%3d%26dtto%3d%26size%3d0xFF%26archive%3d1%26groupid%3d%26pseudoid%3d195878%26a%3d%26cdid%3d%26cdsrt%3d%26name%3d%26qn%3d%26apalib%3d%26apalic%3d%26lightbox%3d%26gname%3d%26gtype%3d%26xstx%3d0%26simid%3d%26saveQry%3d%26editorial%3d1%26nu%3d%26t%3d%26edoptin%3d%26customgeoip%3d%26cap%3d1%26cbstore%3d1%26vd%3d0%26lb%3d%26fi%3d2%26edrf%3d0%26ispremium%3d1%26flip%3d0%26pl%3d
Stretch marks on light brown skin
Stretch marks are narrow, streak-like lines that can develop on the surface of the skin. They can be pink, red, purple or brown, depending on your skin colour. They are common in pregnancy, affecting around 8 out of 10 pregnant women.
They usually appear on your tummy, or sometimes on your upper thighs and breasts, as your pregnancy progresses and your bump starts to grow. When stretch marks appear will be different from woman to woman.
The first sign you notice might be itchiness around an area where the skin is becoming thinner.
Stretch marks are not harmful. They do not cause medical problems and there is no specific treatment for them.
After your baby is born, the marks may gradually fade into paler scars and become less noticeable. They probably will not go away completely.
What causes stretch marks?
Stretch marks are very common and do not just affect pregnant women.
They can happen whenever the skin is stretched, for example during puberty or when putting on weight. Hormonal changes in pregnancy can affect your skin and make you more likely to get stretch marks.
They happen when the middle layer of skin (dermis) becomes stretched and broken in places.
Whether or not you get stretch marks depends on your skin type, as some people's skin is more elastic.
Pregnancy weight gain
You are more likely to get stretch marks if your weight gain is more than average in pregnancy. Most women gain about 10 to 12.5kg (22 to 28lb) in pregnancy, although weight gain varies a great deal from woman to woman.
How much weight you gain may depend on your weight before you were pregnant.
It's important not to try to lose weight when you're pregnant by eating less. You need to have a healthy diet during pregnancy.
If you are worried about your weight, talk to your midwife or GP. They may give you advice if you weigh more than 100kg (about 15.5st) or less than 50kg (about 8st).
Preventing stretch marks
Some creams claim to remove stretch marks once they've appeared, but there is no reliable evidence that they work. There is also limited evidence about whether oils or creams help prevent stretch marks from appearing in the first place.
Find out more about stretch marks, including possible treatments for them.
Find out more about other common health problems in pregnancy.
Video: Where does my pregnancy weight come from?
In this video, a midwife discusses where the extra weight in pregnancy comes from.
Media last reviewed: 27 March 2020 Media review due: 27 March 2023
Page last reviewed: 25 November 2022 Next review due: 25 November 2025
How to prevent stretch marks during pregnancy: 5 proven ways
Stretch marks appear first on the chest. This happens at the very beginning of pregnancy. At 17-18 weeks - on the skin of the abdomen. Other "problem" places are the thighs and buttocks. If there are already stretch marks on the skin, then it will not be possible to completely get rid of them - you can only reduce or prevent them. Do you want your skin after childbirth to remain the same as before pregnancy? We talk about effective and proven ways to preserve her beauty. nine0004
What are stretch marks and why do they appear?
Stretch marks or, as they are also called, stretch marks, look like narrow stripes on the skin. On the body, they are immediately visible, since the damaged areas differ in color - from white to purple. It is a mistake to think that after childbirth the skin will recover and regain its former beauty. The fact is that stretch marks during pregnancy appear due to skin ruptures due to its overstretching. Contribute to their appearance: - hormonal changes. In the blood of a woman, hormones are produced to maintain pregnancy, but the production of collagen and elastin, the proteins responsible for the density and elasticity of the skin, is suspended. nine0003 - Rapid growth of the abdomen. - Sedentary lifestyle. - Muscle weakness. - Hereditary predisposition. - Age. Most often, stretch marks appear in pregnant women aged 18 to 30 years. - Improper nutrition - both before pregnancy and during gestation.
5 ways to avoid stretch marks
Avoiding skin breaks is easy if you take care of prevention in advance and do not forget to take care of your skin after childbirth. Regular care and little tricks help prevent stretch marks and promote rapid skin recovery. Revealing 5 secrets:
1. Wearing special underwear. First of all, this is a comfortable prenatal bandage that will support a growing tummy, which will prevent the appearance of stretch marks. The sizes of products correspond to the girth of the hips under the stomach: 96, 100, 104, 108, 112. An excellent solution would be to buy a universal bandage. The PHARMEKONOM online pharmacy has universal bandages made of perforated material that allows the skin to breathe and promotes better moisture removal. Their sizes: - 100.104; - 108, 112. The range also includes products without perforation - they perform all the same functions as perforated ones, but they need to be worn only on underwear. These are products in sizes: - 100, 104; - 108, 112; - 116, 120; - 124, 128.
Table for determining the size of the universal bandage
Hip circumference under belly (cm)
93 - 100
101 - 108
109 - 116
117 -124 nine0045
Universal bandages are recommended to be worn from 20-24 weeks of pregnancy to support the growing tummy and after the birth of the baby in order to return the skin and muscles to their previous state. Please consult your doctor before purchasing this product.
2. Proper nutrition. To keep the skin tight and elastic, eat more berries, fruits, vegetables, boiled fish and nuts. These products contribute to the production of proteins that are deficient during pregnancy - collagen and elastin. If we talk about meat, then the leader in the content of collagen is beef. nine0004
3. Movement. Reasonable activity during pregnancy helps keep the body and skin in good shape. You can walk and swim, do special exercises, but first consult your doctor.
4. Weight control . Normally, during pregnancy, a woman gains weight from 10 to 15 kg. With insufficient skin care, stretch marks may appear on her body, and if the expectant mother has gained more than 15 kg, the likelihood of “ruptures” is rapidly increasing. nine0004
5. Use of special cosmetics. Cream 9 months. It prevents the appearance of stretch marks and fights existing ones. It contains highly active natural ingredients that soften, nourish and tone the skin, improve blood circulation, promote the breakdown of fat, and prevent the appearance of cellulite. For best results, start using it at the very beginning of your pregnancy.
Balm Our mother (Mama Comfort). This product contains highly effective natural extracts that affect the skin in a complex way: - Fucus nourishes and tightens, helps to eliminate stretch marks and reduce cellulite; - green tea moisturizes and improves elasticity; - horsetail and nettle smooth out irregularities, make stretch marks less noticeable, and some eliminate them; - ivy contributes to the production of proteins, due to the deficiency of which stretch marks appear; - Meadowsweet has an anti-inflammatory effect. The balm contains green coffee oil, which has an anti-cellulite effect, and hyaluronic acid, which fills stretch marks and makes them less deep. nine0004
PHARMEKON pharmacies customers like 2 more effective pharmacy products: Our Mom cream with hyaluronic acid and horse chestnut - an ingredient that rids the skin of even old scars. And SANOSAN cream with chitosan. This substance heals wounds without scarring, therefore it is actively used in cosmetology for the treatment of stretch marks.
Where can I buy these goods cheaply?
In PHARMECONOM pharmacies you will find prenatal and universal bandages, as well as cosmetics for stretch marks at attractive prices. nine0004
Stretch marks - the whole truth - articles from the specialists of the clinic "Mother and Child"
Brezgunova Svetlana Leonidovna
Clinic "Mother and Child" Togliatti
What is it
Stretch marks are also called striae. They appear in any area of the body, but more often occur in those places where there is a large amount of fat. The most common locations for are: chest, abdomen, armpits, shoulders, hips, back and buttocks. nine0004
Stretch marks look like stripes on the skin, and their color changes over time. "Fresh" stretch marks are pinkish-red in color, the skin on them is slightly convex. Gradually, the striae increase in length and width, become bluish-violet, and eventually become discolored. This happens because at first there are still blood vessels inside the striae, which is why initially the stretch marks have such a bright color. Then the blood supply at the site of the stretch marks stops, the vessels become empty, the resulting skin defect is filled with connective tissue and the stretch marks become white. Since there is no pigment in the connective tissue, even under the influence of sunlight, the stretch marks remain white. Moreover, against the background of tanned skin, they become more noticeable. nine0004
Why they occur
It seems that the reason for the appearance of stretch marks during pregnancy is clear at first glance: the expectant mother's belly grows, the skin stretches, and stretch marks form. Why, then, do they not occur in all expectant mothers? And is their appearance associated with weight gain? After all, it has been noticed, for example, that the likelihood of stretch marks does not depend on the size of the abdomen during pregnancy.
Stretch marks may appear in a woman with a small tummy, while a woman expecting twins will bypass this problem. nine0007
Why is this happening? Several factors come into play here. Yes, indeed, one of the reasons for the appearance of stretch marks is weight gain, but it is not so much the number of kilograms gained that is important, but how quickly a woman gained them: the faster the expectant mother gains weight, the higher the risk of stretch marks. That is why even with a small increase in weight, stretch marks can appear. The second reason for stretch marks is hormonal imbalance. During pregnancy, the amount of estrogen and cortisol decreases, resulting in a violation of the synthesis of skin and connective tissue proteins - collagen and elastin. Namely, with the help of these proteins, our skin can stretch well and restore its elasticity. nine0004
If there is not enough collagen and elastin, then the skin becomes brittle and thins faster, eventually, it tears in some areas, and then scar connective tissue forms in the places of tears .
And here is how the future mother's body will behave during pregnancy: whether there will be sharp jumps in weight and hormonal imbalance (which means that stretch marks will appear or not, it is impossible to predict).
What to do?
Let's just say that There is no 100% effective treatment for and prevention of stretch marks. For example, most creams, lotions, gels for the prevention of stretch marks simply contain moisturizing ingredients and help soften the skin, but do not affect the balance of hormones. Therefore, these remedies cannot prevent the appearance of stretch marks if hormonal disorders have occurred. Yes, and after childbirth, various laser procedures, peelings and resurfacing will not get rid of stretch marks at all, they will simply make them more invisible.
But this does not mean that we should give up and do nothing. You can do just a lot of things: even if you do not achieve a 100% effect, there will still be benefits.
– Monitor nutrition and avoid sudden weight fluctuations. Do not forget to eat protein foods - protein, together with zinc and vitamin C, stimulates the production of collagen, which gives the skin elasticity. If you don’t feel like meat yet, include fish, dairy products and legumes in your diet - these are also sources of healthy protein. nine0004
– Avoid sweets – sugar inhibits collagen renewal, the skin loses its elasticity and water, becomes dry, sluggish, its elasticity decreases.
- From the first days of pregnancy constantly nourish and moisturize the skin . To do this, use creams, gels, lotions with collagen, elastin, and vitamins C and E . The main thing is that these drugs must be approved for use during pregnancy. Before you buy this or that product, carefully read the instructions and the composition of the drug. Find out the mechanism of action of biologically active substances of a cosmetic product from a sales assistant. If you still have doubts, consult with your obstetrician-gynecologist. Look into your wallet and make a choice. nine0004
- If finances allow, do salon procedures for body moisturizing that are allowed during pregnancy (seaweed wraps, for example), if not, limit yourself to ordinary skin moisturizing, it is also effective.
- Regularly take a contrast shower : it tones and firms the skin, and problem areas receive the blood flow they need. You can massage individual parts of the body alternately with cold and warm jets. Just don't aim the jet directly at your stomach. nine0004
– After showering, do not dry your body, just pat it dry with a towel. You can do light pinching self-massage using moisturizing creams or natural vegetable oils (such as olive or linseed). Massage promotes the removal of excess fluid and activates the work of blood vessels - they quickly carry nutrients throughout the body. Important: when massaging the abdomen and chest, massage only the sides, thighs and legs.
– Swim : the contrast of water and air temperature, active physical activity also contribute to the prevention of stretch marks.
- During pregnancy , wear special bras, they will support enlarged breasts and prevent skin from overstretching.
Even if stretch marks appear, don't get upset. It has been noticed that if you immediately start a set of preventive measures (moisturizing the skin, proper nutrition, water procedures), then often stretch marks do not spread further. And if you start prevention from the first days of pregnancy, they may not appear at all. nine0004
REMINDER for moms
Start attacking stretch marks as early as possible: the younger they are, the less money and time it will take to eliminate them.
Watch your diet, try not to gain weight abruptly.
Daily moisturize and nourish the skin, not only the abdomen and chest, but also the thighs, buttocks, legs.
Lead an active lifestyle: walk in the fresh air, play sports, swim. nine0200
Take a contrast shower, do self-massage.
Wear the right underwear: a maternity bra is especially necessary for expectant mothers with large breasts
Stretch marks cannot be predicted. Even if during the last pregnancy there were no or, on the contrary, there were stretch marks, then there is no guarantee that the situation will repeat itself in the next pregnancy.
Here are the oils that will suit you:
Jojoba oil is the most effective remedy: it is used for the prevention and elimination of skin stretch marks during and after pregnancy, as well as for weight gain and sudden weight loss.
Essential oil of rosewood - helps to increase skin elasticity, also helps to dissolve small scars.
Almond oil - especially effective for the care of areas of the body where skin elasticity is reduced. nine0200
Grape seed oil - has a strong regenerating effect, improves skin elasticity.